Samedan

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Samedan
Samedan Airport.jpg
Coat of arms of Samedan
Coat of arms
Samedan is located in Switzerland
Samedan
Samedan
Samedan is located in Canton of Graubünden
Samedan
Samedan
Coordinates: 46°32′N 9°52′E / 46.533°N 9.867°E / 46.533; 9.867Coordinates: 46°32′N 9°52′E / 46.533°N 9.867°E / 46.533; 9.867
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Maloja
Government
 • Mayor Gemeindepräsident
Jon Fadri Huder
(as of 2008)
Area[1]
 • Total 113.83 km2 (43.95 sq mi)
Elevation 1,721 m (5,646 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 2,996
 • Density 26/km2 (68/sq mi)
Postal code 7503
SFOS number 3786
Surrounded by Bergün/Bravuogn, Bever, Celerina/Schlarigna, Lanzada (IT-SO), La Punt-Chamues-ch, Pontresina, Sankt-Moritz, Sils im Engadin/Segl, Silvaplana
Twin towns Le Mont-sur-Lausanne (Switzerland)
Website www.samedan.ch
SFSO statistics

Samedan (About this sound [saˈmedən] ) is a town and municipality in the Maloja Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

A photograph of Samedan in the circa 1870s.
Another photographic view of Samedan in the circa 1870s.

Samedan is first mentioned in 1139 as Samaden. In 1334 it was mentioned as Semeden, in 1367 as Semaden, in 1498 as Sumada and in 1527 as Sameden.[3] Samedan is the location of The Smallest Whiskey Bar on Earth, the establishment holding the Guinness World Records distinction of "Smallest Permanently Licensed Bar in the World."

Geography[edit]

Samedan town hall in winter

Samedan has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 113.83 km2 (43.95 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 15.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 9.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and 72.9% is unproductive land. Over the past two decades (1979/85-2004/09) the amount of land that is settled has increased by 34 ha (84 acres) and the agricultural land has decreased by 120 ha (300 acres).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja district in the central Oberengadin valley along the Inn river. After 2017 it was part of the Maloja Region. It consists of the village of Samedan and the hamlet of Punt Muragl, the upper section of the Val Bever as well as an exclave that includes nearly the entire Val Roseg, a valley surrounded by the highest mountains of the canton: Piz Bernina, Piz Scerscen and Piz Roseg. Until 1943 Samedan was known as Samaden.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Modern houses in Samedan

Samedan has a population (as of December 2015) of 2,996.[2] As of 2013, 23.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 3 years (2010-2013) the population has changed at a rate of 1.31%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2013, was 8.3 while the death rate was 7.0 per thousand residents.[4]

As of 2013, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 18.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 64.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 17.3%.[4]

In 2013 there were 1,423 private households in Samedan. Of the 489 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 21.9% were single family homes and 47.6% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 22.5% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 9.4% were built between 1991 and 2000.[6] In 2012 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 31.86. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2014, was 2.14%.[4]

Historic population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[7]

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (61.5%), with Romansh being second most common (16.7%) and Italian being third (14.9%).[8] Originally, the entire population spoke the Upper-Engadin Romansh dialect of Putèr. Due to increasing trade with the outside world, Romansh usage began to decline in the 19th century. In 1880, only 47% spoke Romansh as a first language, while in 1910, it was 45% and in 1941, it was 42%. The Romansh-speaking percentage dropped until, in 1970, only 31% spoke it as their first language. In the 1980s, Romansh speakers increased slightly, but since then, the proportion has decreased. However, in 2000, there were 42% who understood Romansh even if it was not their first language.

Languages of Samedan[9]
Languages Census 1970 Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 1,096 42.6% 1,140 44.7% 1,567 54.5% 1,886 61.5%
Romansh 791 30.7% 841 32.9% 649 22.6% 511 16.7%
Italian 561 21.8% 451 17.7% 476 16.6% 458 14.9%
TOTAL 2,574 100% 2,553 100% 2,875 100% 3,069 100%

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 23.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (22.5%), the BDP (19.6%) and the SP (16.4%). In the federal election, a total of 821 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 42.3%.[10]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 30.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (28.7%), the FDP (28.2%) and the CVP (10.4%).[8]

Education[edit]

In Samedan about 75.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[8]

Transportation[edit]

The airport in Samedan

It is the administrative center of the upper Engadin region, and services include a regional hospital (Spital Oberengadin), a major RhB railway station with regular trains towards Pontresina, Chur and St. Moritz, and a regional airport (Engadin Airport). Both the Bernina Express and Glacier Express trains pass Samedan.

Economy[edit]

As of 2012, there were a total of 2,891 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 26 people worked in 8 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 500 workers in 51 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 2,365 jobs in 335 businesses. In 2013 a total of 31.9% of the population received social assistance.[4]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart and the Library of Fundaziun de Planta are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[11]

Climate[edit]

Koppen-Geiger climate classification classifies its climate as subarctic (Dfc). Between 1961 and 1990 Samedan had an average of 95.5 days of rain per year and on average received 700 mm (28 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Samedan received an average of 99 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 11.5 days. The driest month of the year was February with an average of 25 mm (0.98 in) of precipitation over 5 days.[12]

Climate data for Samedan (1981-2010) Extremes (1901-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
11.7
(53.1)
14.1
(57.4)
21.0
(69.8)
28.0
(82.4)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
29.2
(84.6)
25.1
(77.2)
21.4
(70.5)
17.0
(62.6)
13.4
(56.1)
32.0
(89.6)
Average high °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
0.5
(32.9)
3.7
(38.7)
7.4
(45.3)
12.9
(55.2)
16.4
(61.5)
19.3
(66.7)
18.7
(65.7)
14.9
(58.8)
10.9
(51.6)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
8.8
(47.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.1
(15.6)
−7.8
(18)
−2.8
(27)
1.6
(34.9)
6.6
(43.9)
9.9
(49.8)
12.2
(54)
11.5
(52.7)
7.9
(46.2)
3.8
(38.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
−7.5
(18.5)
2.0
(35.6)
Average low °C (°F) −17.1
(1.2)
−16.9
(1.6)
−10.5
(13.1)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.5
(36.5)
4.3
(39.7)
4.1
(39.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−9.3
(15.3)
−14.6
(5.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
Record low °C (°F) −36.9
(−34.4)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−30.0
(−22)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−9.5
(14.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−36.9
(−34.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
20
(0.79)
26
(1.02)
39
(1.54)
78
(3.07)
90
(3.54)
93
(3.66)
99
(3.9)
73
(2.87)
68
(2.68)
61
(2.4)
36
(1.42)
713
(28.07)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 52.4
(20.63)
38.9
(15.31)
32.5
(12.8)
23.5
(9.25)
6.3
(2.48)
0.6
(0.24)
0.3
(0.12)
0.3
(0.12)
1.2
(0.47)
8.1
(3.19)
40.8
(16.06)
49.9
(19.65)
254.8
(100.31)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.3 4.2 4.8 6.0 9.3 10.3 10.0 10.5 7.8 7.6 7.0 6.0 88.8
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 9.1 7.4 7.6 5.8 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.6 2 6.8 9.1 50.4
Average relative humidity (%) 77.9 73.5 71.2 69.7 69.5 69.6 70.3 72.5 73.4 74.9 78.2 79.7 73.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 117 121 140 138 158 176 200 180 154 140 106 103 1,733
Source #1: MeteoSwiss [13]
Source #2: KNMI[14]

Cultural references[edit]

James Bond escapes from Blofeld's base at Piz Gloria to Samedan in Ian Fleming's On Her Majesty's Secret Service where he is rescued by his future wife, Tracy.

The nineteenth century campaigner for women's rights and the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts, Josephine Butler, holidayed in Samedan in 1881 preferring it to Pontresina. She walked extensively with friends whilst her husband, because of his rheumatism, painted and sketched. He preached at the local Protestant church, which was largely run by another English clergyman Mr Eardley [15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ Samedan in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 2 May 2016
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (German) accessed 5 May 2016
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 27 April 2016
  8. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 20-Oct-2009
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Wohnbevölkerung am wirtschaftlichen Wohnsitz nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Hauptsprache und Nationalität, 1970-2000 (German) accessed 6 September 2016
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden (German) accessed 18 July 2016
  11. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 20-Oct-2009
  12. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1708 meters above sea level.
  13. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1708 meters above sea level.
  14. ^ "Samedan extreme values". KNMI. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  15. ^ Diary of stay in the Engadine held at Women's Library London


External links[edit]