Samadhi of Ranjit Singh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Samadhi of Ranjit Singh
ਰਣਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਦੀ ਸਮਾਧੀ
رنجیت سنگھ دی سمادھی
Samadhi of Ranjit Singh 123.jpg
The Samadhi was built next to the iconic Badshahi Mosque.
Location

Lahore, Punjab

Pakistan Pakistan
Completion date 1848
The Samadhi of Emperor Ranjit Singh in 1880s.
A view of the Samadhi.

The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh (Punjabi: ਰਣਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਦੀ ਸਮਾਧੀ/رنجیت سنگھ دی سمادھی) is a building housing the funerary urns of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 - 1839). It is located near the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque in Iqbal Park in Lahore, Pakistan which is one of the largest urban parks in Pakistan.

History[edit]

Construction of the building was started by his son, Kharak Singh on the spot where he was cremated, and was completed by his youngest son, Duleep Singh in 1848.

Modern era[edit]

The funerary urns were removed from the marble pavilion and were replaced by a simple slab around 1999.[citation needed] This was done as part of the preparations for the Khalsa Tricentenary and the visit of Sikh dignitaries from India.It has been kept well by Pakistani government.The Samadhi was damaged by the earthquake in October 2005 but was repaired soon.


Architecture[edit]

View of the Samadhi

Building[edit]

The building combines elements of Sikh, Hindu, and Islamic architecture.[1] Portions of the building are believed to have been plundered from the adjacent Lahore Fort.[2]

The building has gilded fluted domes and cupolas, and an ornate balustrade around the upper portion of the building. The front of the doorway has images of Ganesh, Devi and Brahma that are cut from red sand stone. The dome is decorated with Naga (serpent) hood designs - the product of Hindu craftsmen that worked on the project.[3] The wooden panels on the ceiling are decorated with stained glass work, while the walls are richly decorated with floral designs. The ceilings are decorated with glass mosaic work.

Funerary urns[edit]

Ranjit Singh's ashes are contained in a marble urn in the shape of a lotus, sheltered under a marble pavilion inlaid with pietra dura, in the centre of the tomb. Surrounding him, in smaller urns, are the ashes of four sati queens and seven concubines.[4]

Associated monuments[edit]

Two small monuments to the west of the main building commemorate Ranjit Singh's son Maharaja Kharak Singh and grandson Nau Nihal Singh, along with their wives. The building is located adjacent to Gurudwara Dera Sahib, Lahore place where martyrdom of Guru Arjun took place.

Samadhi of Ranjit Singh in 2015

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°35′21″N 74°18′41″E / 31.5893°N 74.3113°E / 31.5893; 74.3113