Samajwadi Party

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Samajwadi Party
PresidentAkhilesh Yadav
ChairpersonMulayam Singh Yadav
Secretary-GeneralKiranmoy Nanda
Lok Sabha leaderMulayam Singh Yadav
Rajya Sabha leaderRam Gopal Yadav
FounderMulayam Singh Yadav
Founded10 April 1992 (26 years ago) (1992-04-10)
Preceded byJanata Dal
Headquarters18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi, India
NewspaperSamajwadi Bulletin[1]
Student wingSamajwadi Chatra Sabha[2]
Youth wingSamajwadi Yuvjan Sabha
Mulayam Singh Yadav Youth Brigade[3]
Women's wingLohiya Vahini
Samajwadi Party Mahila Sabha[4]
IdeologySecularism[5]
Democratic socialism[6][7]
Social conservatism[6]
Populism[6]
Political positionLeft-wing[8][9]
ColoursRed and Green
ECI StatusState Party[10]
AllianceLeft Front (1992-2015)
Janata Parivar (2015-2015)
United Progressive Alliance (2017-present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
7 / 545
[11](currently 530 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
13 / 245
Seats in Vidhan Sabha & Vidhan Parishad
48 / 403
(Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly)
55 / 100
(Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Parishad)
1 / 288
(Maharashtra Legislative Assembly)
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Website
www.samajwadiparty.in

Samajwadi Party ( SP ; translation: Socialist Party, founded 4 October 1992 ) is a political party in India headquartered in New Delhi and the largest recognised state party of the country. Based in Uttar Pradesh, a northern state in India, it describes itself as a democratic socialist party.[12]

The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League) fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav after he was chosen the President by the National Convention held on 1 January 2017.

The Samajwadi Party is primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh.In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on 15 March. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.[13][14]

Position in state and national politics[edit]

The Samajawadi Party provided outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government up to the sixteenth general election, After the sixteenth general election its support became unnecessary when the UPA became the largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.[15]

In the last general election, the Samajwadi Party was defeated by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh.[16] It is currently the thirteenth largest party in parliament.[17] In the general elections of 2014, it won only 5 seats, while the Indian National Congress gained 44 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party obtained a clear mandate with 282 seats.

In West Bengal, the West Bengal Socialist Party of Kiranmoy Nanda merged with the SP. The SP has two MLAs in Bihar and one MLA each in Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal.

In April 2014, the Save Indian Family Foundation encouraged voters to support the Samajwadi Party or vote None of the above because the Samajwadi Party had stated that it opposed the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.[18]

The Samajwadi Party has called homosexuality "unethical and immoral."[19]

Muzzaffarnagar case[edit]

The clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities in Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India in August - September 2013, resulted in at [20] least 9 deaths and injured 34 after which an indefinite curfew was imposed.[21] By 17 September, the curfew was lifted from all riot affected areas and the army was also withdrawn. Several people associated with Bharatiya Janta Party including Sangeet Som were accused.[citation needed]

The riot has been described as "the worst violence in Uttar Pradesh in recent history"; the army's deployment was its first in the state for 20 years.[22] The Supreme court blamed the ruling government of not handling the situation well. In reaction to this, Akhilesh Yadav warned of strict action against those found guilty.[23] He also blamed a political conspiracy behind these riots.[24] He also announced jobs to the kins of the people who were killed during the riots[20]

Proposed merger[edit]

In 2014, there was a proposed merger of Samajwadi Party with some other Janata Parivar parties uniting with Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar.[25][26]

Family feud[edit]

Since Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the Yadav family has been divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups is led by him with the support of his father's cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group is led by Shivpal Singh Yadav and a friend, Amar Singh. Akhilesh Yadav has fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father Mulayam Singh Yadav, who has steadily supported his younger brother Shivpal over him.[27]

Battle in the family fired up when Akhilesh Yadav released a parallel list of 235 candidates for 2017 Uttar Pradesh election. Mulayam Singh Yadav and Shivpal Singh Yadav already has released list of 325 candidates few days before.[28]

On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Singh Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh Yadav and Ram Gopal Yadav from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline but re-inducted within 24 hours after a meet of 200 of the party’s 229 MLAs at Akhilesh residence.

National Convention of January 2017[edit]

In a National Convention held on 1 January 2017 called by Ram Gopal Yadav, Akhilesh Yadav was declared the National President of Samajwadi Party. Naresh Chandra Uttam was named as Uttar Pradesh state president of the party.

In the mean time Mulayam Singh Yadav expelled Ram Gopal Yadav for six years for the third time in six months. Expulsion also included vice-president Kiranmoy Nanda and state general secretary Naresh Agarwal were also expelled for attending the convention.[29][30]

Due to the convention, the party is apparently divided and is headed by two competing presidents. Akhilesh Yadav and his father both are representing themselves as party presidents. However the constitution of the party categorically states that any convention can only be called by its president and if an other member wants a convention to be called, he has to collect the signatures of 40% members and submit it to national president. If the president then fails to call the convention that individual member may call for the convention. In this case however, Akhilesh Faction has acted against the party constitution and technically Mulayam Singh Yadav is still the party president.[31]

Election commission gets involved[edit]

After the national convention was declared illegal by Mulayam Singh Yadav and further truce talks failed Mulayam Singh along with Amar Singh and Jaya Prada decided to go to the Election Commission to sort out the matter.[32]

The Election Commission gave time until 9 January to submit the related documents to both sides to submit required documents that show support of the party members. The Akhilesh camp submitted affidavits showing notable support for the Chief Minister on 7 January.[33]

The Election Commission then fixed 3 January for hearing the Samajwadi Party (SP) factions led by Mulayam Singh Yadav and his son Akhilesh Yadav to settle the dispute over control of the party and its election symbol, ‘cycle’.[34] The Election Commission heard both factions for about 4 hours and reserved its order on who gets ownership to the party’s cycle symbol. The Akhilesh faction was represented by senior lawyers Rajeev Dhavan and Kapil Sibal and Mulayam Singh faction was represented by senior advocate and former Solicitor General Mohan Parasaran. Parasaran argued that the Election Commission lacked jurisdiction to allocate the symbol to one of the factions as there was no split in the party such as SP (Mulayam) and SP (Akhilesh) and there was no splinter group. He also said the meeting called by Ramgopal Yadav on 1 January in which Akhilesh was elected Samajwadi Party president, was not in accordance with the party’s constitution and therefore, was illegal and unauthorised.[35]

On 16 January, the election commission announced its decision and Akhilesh Yadav was declared the rightful owner of his Samajwadi Party's symbol, the cycle.[36]

Notable SP figures[edit]

List of Chief Ministers[edit]

No Name
Constituency
Term of office[37][38] Tenure length Party[a] Assembly[39]
(Election)
Ref
1 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Jaswantnagar
4 December 1993 3 June 1995 1 year, 181 days Samajwadi Party Twelfth Assembly(1993–95)
(1993 election)
[40]
(1) Mulayam Singh Yadav
Gunnaur
29 August 2003 13 May 2007 3 years, 257 days Samajwadi Party Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
(2002 election)
[40]
2 Akhilesh Yadav
MLC
15 March 2012 19 March 2017 5 years, 4 days Samajwadi Party Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
(2012 election)
[41]
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.

List of Central Ministers[edit]

Name Term of office Portfolio Prime Minister
1 Mulayam Singh Yadav 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 Minister of Defence H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
2 Janeshwar Mishra 10 July 1996 May 1997 Minister of Water Resources H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
3 Beni Prasad Verma 21 April 1997 19 March 1998 Minister of Communications I. K. Gujral

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Command performance:The Samajwadi Party has national general secretary and Mulayam clan-member Ramgopal Yadav as editor of the Samajwadi Bulletin".
  2. ^ "SP chatra sabha declares 70 district unit presidents name".
  3. ^ "SP reinstates youth wings' office-bearers with a rider".
  4. ^ "SP appoints presidents of nine frontal organisations".
  5. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Samajwadi Party". India Mapped. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Samajwadi Party (SP)". Elections.in. Retrieved 14 August 2018. it operates on the political ideologies of Democratic Socialism, Populism and Social Conservatism
  7. ^ Samajwadi Party :: Official Website. Samajwadiparty.in. Retrieved on 21 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Left wing triumphs in Uttar Pradesh election". Financial Times. 6 March 2012. The big winner in the Uttar Pradesh state election was the regional leftwing Samajwadi party
  9. ^ "Indian MPs held hostage in caste struggle". The Independent. 21 June 1995.
  10. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  11. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Why Uttar Pradesh is India's battleground state". BBC News.
  13. ^ "Assembly Elections May 2013 Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Assembly Elections 2012 - The end of Mayayug in UP". IndiaVoice. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  15. ^ "SP, RJD, LJP Front to kickstart UP campaign on Apr 9". Times of India. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  16. ^ "SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav admits he 'almost lost the Lok Sabha polls'". Mail Online. 6 January 2015.
  17. ^ "Sixteenth LokSabha Party wise". loksabha.nic.in. LokSabha. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  18. ^ Anuraag Singh (17 April 2014). "Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam". Indiatimes. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  19. ^ "Homosexuality Is Unethical And Immoral: Samajwadi Party". News 18. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Uttar Pradesh: Akhilesh Yadav government to provide jobs to Muzaffarnagar riot victims". The Financial Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  21. ^ Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (8 September 2013). "9 killed in communal riots in Muzaffarnagar, curfew clamped, army deployed". The Indian Express. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  22. ^ "An old curse returns". The Economist.
  23. ^ "Muzaffarnagar riots: Akhilesh Yadav warns strict action against those guilty". News18. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  24. ^ "Akhilesh alleges political conspiracy behind Muzaffarnagar riots". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  25. ^ Gupta, Smita. "Janata Parivar announces merger, Mulayam to head new party". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
  26. ^ "Merger of RJD, JD-U, SP would take place after Kharmas: Lalu". 27 December 2014.
  27. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/53902522.cms
  28. ^ Akhilesh 'Tipu' Yadav Emerges as New Sultan of Samajwadi Party
  29. ^ Akhilesh Yadav is new party chief, Mulayam Singh expels Ramgopal
  30. ^ Akhilesh Yadav, Uncle Shivpal Factions Fight Over Samajwadi Party Office
  31. ^ Akhilesh or Mulayam: Who will keep Samajwadi Party's election symbol, another dangal begins
  32. ^ "Mulayam and Amar singh head to EC". The Quint. January 3, 2017.
  33. ^ "Akhilesh and Ramgopal submit documents to EC". Indian Express. January 7, 2017.
  34. ^ "EC to hear both sides on January 13". The Hindu. January 10, 2017.
  35. ^ "Ec hears both factions". The Hindu. January 13, 2017.
  36. ^ "Akhilesh gets the cycle". NDTV. January 16, 2017.
  37. ^ Chief Ministers. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  38. ^ President's rule. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  39. ^ Date of Constitution & Dissolution of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha Archived 12 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  40. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  41. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.

External links[edit]