Samajwadi Party

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Samajwadi Party
समाजवादी पार्टी
Chairperson Mulayam Singh Yadav
Secretary-General Kiranmoy Nanda
Lok Sabha leader Mulayam Singh
Founded 4 Oc998787
Headquarters 18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi
Newspaper Samajwadi Bulletin[1]
Student wing Samajwadi Chatra Sabha[2]
Youth wing
  • Samajwadi Yuvjan Sabha
  • Mulayam Singh Youth Brigade[3]
Women's wing
  • Lohiya Vahini
  • Samajwadi Party Mahila Sabha[4]
Ideology Left-wing populism
Democratic socialism[5]
Political position Left-wing
Colours Red and Green
ECI Status State Party[6]
Alliance Left Front (1992-2015)
Janata Parivar (2015-present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
5 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
19 / 245
Official Website

Samajwadi Party (SP; translation: Socialist Party; founded 4 October 1992) is a recognised state political party in India based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). It describes itself as a democratic socialist party.[7]

The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League) fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Mulayam Singh Yadav.

Electoral record[edit]

The Samajwadi Party is primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the assembly election in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, the Samajwadi Party gained 7 seats, making it the third largest party in the state. When its candidate won the by-election of Lanji (Balaghat) in 2007, its total tally reached 8. In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on 15 March. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.[8][9]

Position in state and national politics[edit]

The Samajawadi Party was providing outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government till the sixteenth general election, After sixteenth general election its support becomes insignificant as UPA becomes largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.[10]

In the last general election Samajwadi Party was defeated by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh.[11] It is currently thirteenth largest party in parliament.[12] In general elections in 2014, it won only 5 seats, Indian National Congress with 44 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party getting a clear mandate of 282 seats.

In West Bengal, West Bengal Socialist Party of Kiranmoy Nanda had merged with SP. SP has two MLAs in Bihar and one MLA each in Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal.

In April 2014, the Save Family Foundation encouraged voters to support Samajwadi Party or vote none of the above because Samajwadi Party stated that it opposes the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.[13]

Muzzaffarnagar Case[edit]

The clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities in Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India in August - September 2013, resulted in at [14] least 9 deaths and injured 34 after which an indefinite curfew was imposed.[15] By 17 September, the curfew was lifted from all riot affected areas and the army was also withdrawn. Several people associated with Bhatiya Janta Party including Sangeet Som were accused.

The riot has been described as "the worst violence in Uttar Pradesh in recent history"; the army's deployment was its first in the state for 20 years.[16] The Supreme court blamed the ruling government of not handling the situation well. Reacting to which, Akhilesh Yadav warned of strict action against those found guilty.[17] He also blamed a political conspiracy behind these riots.[18] He also announced jobs to the kins of the people who were killed during the riots[19]

Proposed merger[edit]

In 2014, there was a proposed merger of Samajwadi Party with some other Janata Parivar parties uniting with Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar.[20]

Notable SP figures[edit]

  • Mulayam Singh Yadav, Founder of Samajwadi Party. Currently he is active National President of Samajwadi Party, Member of Lok Sabha from Azamgarh (UP) and mentor of UP State Government led by Mr Akhilesh Yadav.
  • Akhilesh Yadav, Chief Minister in UP Government and State President UP
  • Azam Khan, National General Secreatry, 8th Time MLA Rampur, Minority Welfare, Parliamentary affairs, Urban development Minister in UP Government, Muslim Face of Samajwadi Party
  • Ram Gopal Yadav, member of the Rajya Sabha representing the Samajwadi Party.
  • Shivpal Singh Yadav, senior member, P.W.D. Minister in UP Government[21]
  • Dharmendra Yadav, MP from Badaun, Youth Leader
  • Naresh Chandra Uttam, Founding MLA of Samajwadi Party. Currently he is UP State Vice President[22] of Samajwadi Party, Member of UP State Legislative Council. Other Backward Caste [23] especially Kurmi face of Samajwadi Party in state politics.

List of Chief Minister[edit]

List of Defence Minister[edit]


  1. ^ "Command performance:The Samajwadi Party has national general secretary and Mulayam clan-member Ramgopal Yadav as editor of the Samajwadi Bulletin.". 
  2. ^ "SP chatra sabha declares 70 district unit presidents name". 
  3. ^ "SP reinstates youth wings' office-bearers with a rider". 
  4. ^ "SP appoints presidents of nine frontal organisations". 
  5. ^ Samajwadi Party :: Official Website. Retrieved on 21 May 2014.
  6. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Why Uttar Pradesh is India's battleground state". BBC News. 
  8. ^ "Assembly Elections May 2013 Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Assembly Elections 2012 - The end of Mayayug in UP". IndiaVoice. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "SP, RJD, LJP Front to kickstart UP campaign on Apr 9". Times of India. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav admits he 'almost lost the Lok Sabha polls'". Mail Online. 6 January 2015. 
  12. ^ "Sixteenth LokSabha Party wise". LokSabha. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  13. ^ Anuraag Singh (17 April 2014). "Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam". Indiatimes. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "Uttar Pradesh: Akhilesh Yadav government to provide jobs to Muzaffarnagar riot victims". The Financial Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  15. ^ Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (8 September 2013). "9 killed in communal riots in Muzaffarnagar, curfew clamped, army deployed". The Indian Express. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "An old curse returns". The Economist. 
  17. ^ "Muzaffarnagar riots: Akhilesh Yadav warns strict action against those guilty". News18. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "Akhilesh alleges political conspiracy behind Muzaffarnagar riots". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Uttar Pradesh: Akhilesh Yadav government to provide jobs to Muzaffarnagar riot victims". The Financial Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Merger of RJD, JD-U, SP would take place after Kharmas: Lalu". 27 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "UP PWD minister Shivpal Yadav lays foundation of 61 projects - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  22. ^
  23. ^

External links[edit]