Samajwadi Party (SP ; translation: Socialist Party, founded 4 October 1992) is a political party in India headquartered in New Delhi. Based in Uttar Pradesh, it describes itself as being democratic socialist.
Originally caste-based, the Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League) fragmented into several regional parties. The party was founded by Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1992. Created just months before the Babri Masjid demolition, the party is said to played a key role in preventing violence within the state following the event. The Samajwadi Party is now led by former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav after he was chosen the President by the National Convention held on 1 January 2017.
The Samajwadi Party is primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on 15 March. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.
- 1 Position in state and national politics
- 2 Muzzaffarnagar case
- 3 Proposed merger
- 4 Family feud
- 5 Electoral Performances
- 6 List of Chief Ministers
- 7 List of Central Ministers
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Position in state and national politics
The Samajawadi Party provided outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government up to the sixteenth general election, After the sixteenth general election its support became unnecessary when the UPA became the largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.
In the last general election, the Samajwadi Party was defeated by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh. It is currently the thirteenth largest party in parliament. In the general elections of 2014, it won only 5 seats, while the Indian National Congress gained 44 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party obtained a clear mandate with 282 seats.
In April 2014, the Save Indian Family Foundation encouraged voters to support the Samajwadi Party or vote None of the above because the Samajwadi Party had stated that it opposed the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.
The Samajwadi Party has called homosexuality "unethical and immoral."
The clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities in Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India in August - September 2013, resulted in at  least 9 deaths and injured 34 after which an indefinite curfew was imposed. By 17 September, the curfew was lifted from all riot affected areas and the army was also withdrawn.
Akhilesh Yadav warned of strict action against those found guilty. He also blamed a political conspiracy behind these riots. He also announced jobs to the kins of the people who were killed during the riots
Since Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the Yadav family has been divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups is led by him with the support of his father's cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group is led by Shivpal Singh Yadav and a friend, Amar Singh. Akhilesh Yadav has fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father Mulayam Singh Yadav, who has steadily supported his younger brother Shivpal over him.
Battle in the family fired up when Akhilesh Yadav released a parallel list of 235 candidates for 2017 Uttar Pradesh election. Mulayam Singh Yadav and Shivpal Singh Yadav already has released list of 325 candidates few days before.
On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Singh Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh Yadav and Ram Gopal Yadav from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline but re-inducted within 24 hours after a meet of 200 of the party's 229 MLAs at Akhilesh residence.
National Convention of January 2017
In a National Convention held on 1 January 2017 called by Ram Gopal Yadav, Akhilesh Yadav was declared the National President of Samajwadi Party. Naresh Chandra Uttam was named as Uttar Pradesh state president of the party.
In the meantime Mulayam Singh Yadav expelled Ram Gopal Yadav for six years for the third time in six months. Expulsion also included vice-president Kiranmoy Nanda and state general secretary Naresh Agarwal were also expelled for attending the convention.
Due to the convention, the party is apparently divided and is headed by two competing presidents. Akhilesh Yadav and his father both are representing themselves as party presidents. However the constitution of the party categorically states that any convention can only be called by its president and if another member wants a convention to be called, he has to collect the signatures of 40% members and submit it to national president. If the president then fails to call the convention that individual member may call for the convention. In this case however, Akhilesh Faction has acted against the party constitution and technically Mulayam Singh Yadav is still the party president.
Election commission gets involved
After the national convention was declared illegal by Mulayam Singh Yadav and further truce talks failed Mulayam Singh along with Amar Singh and Jaya Prada decided to go to the Election Commission to sort out the matter.
The Election Commission gave time until 9 January to submit the related documents to both sides to submit required documents that show support of the party members. The Akhilesh camp submitted affidavits showing notable support for the Chief Minister on 7 January.
The Election Commission then fixed 3 January for hearing the Samajwadi Party (SP) factions led by Mulayam Singh Yadav and his son Akhilesh Yadav to settle the dispute over control of the party and its election symbol, ‘cycle’. The Election Commission heard both factions for about 4 hours and reserved its order on who gets ownership to the party's cycle symbol. The Akhilesh faction was represented by senior lawyers Rajeev Dhavan and Kapil Sibal and Mulayam Singh faction was represented by senior advocate and former Solicitor General Mohan Parasaran. Parasaran argued that the Election Commission lacked jurisdiction to allocate the symbol to one of the factions as there was no split in the party such as SP (Mulayam) and SP (Akhilesh) and there was no splinter group. He also said the meeting called by Ramgopal Yadav on 1 January in which Akhilesh was elected Samajwadi Party president, was not in accordance with the party's constitution and therefore, was illegal and unauthorised.
On 16 January, the election commission announced its decision and Akhilesh Yadav was declared the rightful owner of his Samajwadi Party's symbol, the cycle.
Lok Sabha (Lower House)
|Lok Sabha Term||Indian
|% of votes in
|11th Lok Sabha||1996||16||Uttar Pradesh (16)|
|12th Lok Sabha||1998||19||Uttar Pradesh (19)|
|13th Lok Sabha||1999||26||Uttar Pradesh (26)|
|14th Lok Sabha||2004||36||Uttar Pradesh (35) Uttarakhand (1)|
|15th Lok Sabha||2009||23||Uttar Pradesh (23)|
|16th Lok Sabha||2014||5||Uttar Pradesh (5)|
|17th Lok Sabha||2019||5||Uttar Pradesh (5)|
Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)
|Vidhan Sabha Term||UP
|% of votes in|
|12th Vidhan Sabha||1993|
|13th Vidhan Sabha||1996|
|14th Vidhan Sabha||2002||143|
|15th Vidhan Sabha||2007||393||97|
|16th Vidhan Sabha||2012||403||224|
|17th Vidhan Sabha||2017||298||47|
List of Chief Ministers
|Term of office||Tenure length||Party[a]||Assembly
|1||Mulayam Singh Yadav
|4 December 1993||3 June 1995||1 year, 181 days||Samajwadi Party||Twelfth Assembly (1993–95)
|(1)||Mulayam Singh Yadav
|29 August 2003||13 May 2007||3 years, 257 days||Samajwadi Party||Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
|15 March 2012||19 March 2017||5 years, 4 days||Samajwadi Party||Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
List of Central Ministers
|No.||Name||Term of office||Portfolio||Prime Minister|
|1||Mulayam Singh Yadav||1 June 1996||19 March 1998||Minister of Defence||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|2||Janeshwar Mishra||10 July 1996||May 1997||Minister of Water Resources||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|3||Beni Prasad Verma||21 April 1997||19 March 1998||Minister of Communications||I. K. Gujral|
- "Command performance:The Samajwadi Party has national general secretary and Mulayam clan-member Ramgopal Yadav as editor of the Samajwadi Bulletin".
- "SP chatra sabha declares 70 district unit presidents name".
- "SP reinstates youth wings' office-bearers with a rider".
- "SP appoints presidents of nine frontal organisations".
- "Uttar Pradesh Samajwadi Party". India Mapped. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Lok Sabha Elections 2014: Know your party symbols!". Daily News and Analysis. 10 April 2014.
- "Samajwadi Party (SP)". Elections.in. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
it operates on the political ideologies of Democratic Socialism, Populism and Social Conservatism
- Samajwadi Party :: Official Website. Samajwadiparty.in. Retrieved on 21 May 2014.
- "Left wing triumphs in Uttar Pradesh election". Financial Times. 6 March 2012.
The big winner in the Uttar Pradesh state election was the regional leftwing Samajwadi party
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- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
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- Kochanek, Stanley A.; Hardgrave, Robert L. (30 January 2007). India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation. Cengage Learning. ISBN 9780495007494.
- Dixit, Neha. "Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Assembly Elections May 2013 Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Assembly Elections 2012 - The end of Mayayug in UP". IndiaVoice. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "SP, RJD, LJP Front to kickstart UP campaign on Apr 9". Times of India. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav admits he 'almost lost the Lok Sabha polls'". Mail Online. 6 January 2015.
- "Sixteenth LokSabha Party wise". loksabha.nic.in. LokSabha. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Anuraag Singh (17 April 2014). "Vote for Samajwadi Party or press Nota: Mulayam". Indiatimes. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Homosexuality Is Unethical And Immoral: Samajwadi Party". News 18. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- "Uttar Pradesh: Akhilesh Yadav government to provide jobs to Muzaffarnagar riot victims". The Financial Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (8 September 2013). "9 killed in communal riots in Muzaffarnagar, curfew clamped, army deployed". The Indian Express. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Muzaffarnagar riots: Akhilesh Yadav warns strict action against those guilty". News18. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Akhilesh alleges political conspiracy behind Muzaffarnagar riots". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Gupta, Smita. "Janata Parivar announces merger, Mulayam to head new party". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- "Merger of RJD, JD-U, SP would take place after Kharmas: Lalu". 27 December 2014.
- Akhilesh 'Tipu' Yadav Emerges as New Sultan of Samajwadi Party
- Akhilesh Yadav is new party chief, Mulayam Singh expels Ramgopal
- Akhilesh Yadav, Uncle Shivpal Factions Fight Over Samajwadi Party Office
- Akhilesh or Mulayam: Who will keep Samajwadi Party's election symbol, another dangal begins
- "Mulayam and Amar singh head to EC". The Quint. 3 January 2017.
- "Akhilesh and Ramgopal submit documents to EC". Indian Express. 7 January 2017.
- "EC to hear both sides on January 13". The Hindu. 10 January 2017.
- "Ec hears both factions". The Hindu. 13 January 2017.
- "Akhilesh gets the cycle". NDTV. 16 January 2017.
- Chief Ministers. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
- President's rule. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
- Date of Constitution & Dissolution of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha Archived 12 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
- "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
- "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
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