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|Place of origin||Iran (Persia) , Azerbaijan, Tajikistan , Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan|
|Main ingredients||Germinated wheat|
|Cookbook: Sumalyak Media: Sumalyak|
Samanu (Persian: سمنو), Samanak (Persian: سمنک), Sumalak/Sumalyak; Azerbaijani: Səməni halvası; (Tajik: сумалак; Uzbek: sumalak [sʉmælǽk]) or Sümölök (Kyrgyz: сүмөлөк [symœlœ́k]) is an Iranian sweet paste made entirely from germinated wheat (young wheatgrass), which is prepared especially for Nowruz (New Year's Day) in a large pot (like a kazan). This practice has been traced back to the pre-Islamic Persia.
The wheat is soaked and prepared for days and so the entire process takes up to a week. Traditionally, the final cooking would take from late in the evening till the daylight and was a party, involving only women. This would be full of laughter and music and singing related songs. In Uzbekistan the whole gathering, mostly women, gather near the huge pot: sit in a circle, sing songs, have fun, each of them waits for their turn to stir the sumalak. In the morning still warm sumalak is handed out to neighbors, relatives and friends. In Tajikistan and Afghanistan they sing: Samanak dar Jūsh u mā Kafcha zanēm – Dīgarān dar Khwāb u mā Dafcha zanēm. (meaning: "Samanak is boiling and we are stirring it, others are asleep and we are playing daf").
The Azerbaijani proverb: Samani, Samani, har il goyardaram sani, translated by the Oxford Symposium on Food & Cookery (1989); "Samani, Samani, I try to make you grow every year.", refers to the annual renewal of nature.
In modern times, making Samanu can be a family activity. Traditional Samanu is made entirely of germinated wheat and water (no other ingredients). Nowadays, it is common to add a bit of flour to speed up the thickening process, although this makes the paste taste somewhat bitter and less sweet.
A plate or bowl of Samanu is a traditional component of the Haft sin table.
- Navruz in Uzbekistan: Feast of the Renewal of Nature, Advantour
- Persian script: سمنک در جوش و ما کفچه زنیم – دیگران در خواب و ما دفچه زنیم
- Nowruz in Tajikistan, BBC Persian
- "Nowruz in Afghanistan, BBC Persian".
- مهدی بشیر. "24 ساعت - نو روز باستانی در کشور عزیز ما افغانستان".
- Harlan Walker. Oxford Symposium on Food & Cookery, 1989: Staple Foods : Proceedings Oxford Symposium, 1 jan. 1990 ISBN 978-0907325444 p 218