Samastipur

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This article is about the town. For its eponymous district, see Samastipur district.
Samastipur
City
Samastipur is located in Bihar
Samastipur
Samastipur
Location in Bihar
Coordinates: 25°51′47″N 85°46′52″E / 25.862931°N 85.781064°E / 25.862931; 85.781064
Country India
State Bihar
District Samastipur
Parliamentary constituency Samastipur
Assembly constituency Samastipur
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,254,782 (2,011)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 848101
Area code(s) STD Code 06274
Website samastipur.bih.nic.in

Samastipur is a town and a municipality (nagar parishad) in Bihar, India. It is the headquarters of Samastipur district. The Burhi Gandak River flows through the town.

History[edit]

As per many Gazetteers, Darbhanga, pages 33 to 34 Darbhanga under the Oinwaras (1325-1525 AD), After a temporary period of instability, Darbhanga came under the control of the Oinwaras, also known as the Kameshwara Thakur or Sugauna Dynasty. These Hindu Chiefs were left undisturbed by the Muslim conquerors, who has by now conquered the whole of Mithila and whose exploits are indicated.

The Oinwara Dynasty is noted for their encouragement of leaning and fine arts and their court served as the centre of Sanskrit belle's letters and philosophy. Among the prominent scholars of age were Gadadhara, Sankara, Vachaspati Mishra, Vidyapati, Amartakara and Amiykara. Kameshwara, the founder of dynasty, was resident of village Oini, near Pusa Road, in the District of Darbhanga.

When Hazi Ilyas of Bengal divided Torhut into two parts, the Oinwara Raja shifted his Capital to Sugauna near Madhubani. The southern part of the district was under Hazi Ilyas and the northern part under the Oinwaras. The modern subdivision of Samastipur (originally Shamsuddinpur) was founded by Hazi Shamsuddin Ilyas of West Bengal.

In September 1990, Lal Krishna Advani began a rath yatra (chariot journey) to Ayodhya in support of the Ram temple movement. Lalu Prasad Yadav then Chef minister of Bihar ordered to arrested Advani in Samastipur and stopped his Rath Yatra which was going to Ayodhya on the site of the Babri Masjid on October 23, 1990 and as a result the Bharatiya Janata Party withdraw support V.P. Singh.

Samastipur became a district in 1972 when it was split from Darbhanga district.

In 2014 Samastipur start playing baseball.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, Samastipur had a population of 42,61,566 .[1]

Economy[edit]

Samastipur is an administrative centre for the East Central Railway.[2] There are several industries and small-scale industries which include a sugar factory near Magardahi ghat (Now Closed). Along with several small scale industries , Horticulture and agrarian based economic activity is growing now a days. It is due to the presence of agricultural university at Pusa and Dholi.

Transport[edit]

Samastipur is located 87 kilometers from the state capital Patna (150 - 180 minutes driving distance). The nearest airport, Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna Airport, is 91 kilometers from Samastipur. Samastipur Junction is a major railway station, which connects the town to major cities in India. The town is also connected to other places in Bihar by buses.

Places of interest[edit]

Musrigharari is located at an approximate distance of 8 km from Samastipur on NH28 and NH103. This place is popular for the celebration of Muharram and Durga Puja. Thousands of people gather for the celebration of Muharram and Durga Puja. The Thaneshwar temple complex is located in the heart of the town. It includes temples dedicated to Shiva, Rama, Ganesha, Hanuman, Shani and Kali. Other locally famous temples include the Khatu Shyam Mandir (located in the Samastipur market). Several other temples are located in nearby villages within the district. Along with that Mata Durga temple of Manipur is famous. It is just 12 km from local railway station or bus stand.

There is a famous university Rajendra Agriculture university (RAU), a beautiful place in the district at a distance of 12 km from the city. It is also famous as a picnic spot with natural surroundings There is a famous Shiv Temple, known as Baba Khudneshwar Dham. The temple located 16 km from Samastipur near Morwa block, is a unique example of Hindu-Muslim unity. Inside the temple within a distance of about 3 meters there is Majar of Khudno Bibi along with a Shivling. Temple is under renovation by local society members. During Mahashivratri festival, religious crowd from all corners of district visit this place for prayers. The big house which is located in Tajpur road in front of milan vivah bhawan big white colour house

Language[edit]

The most common language spoken in Samastipur is Maithli, Urdu, Hindi are used generally for official or diplomatic use.

Culture of Samastipur is simple, beautiful & secular . It has an old tradition of folk songs & folk Famous Mithila paintings, sung and done during festival and important social occasions like marriage and birth ceremonies. Several folk dance form also practised as Kathghorwa nach , natua nach dom domin and jhijhia . Famous Nag Panchmi , Sama chakeva and Dom kach is also practised as a culture in this area, Bhat dal & aaloo chokha is the happiest meal for every being & shirt pant for man & sari and salwar kurti for women is regular dress to wear!

Education[edit]

Samastipur has several schools and colleges. Most of the colleges are affiliated to the Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga. IGNOU has several study centres in Samastipur.[3] The Rajendra Agricultural University is located near the town, in Pusa.

Major colleges in the city include:

  • Samastipur College : offers 35 programmes of which 16 are in undergraduate (UG), 11 in postgraduate (PG), 1 vocational course in Biotechnology at Undergraduate level and 7 career-oriented course under dual degree system.
  • Ram Nirikshan Atma Ram College : offers two Undergraduate programs in Arts and Science
  • Bali Ram Bhagat College: offers undergraduate Commerce, Science & Arts programs
  • Samastipur Law College : offers undergraduate law program.
  • women's college samastipur : offers two undergraduate in arts and science

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°51′47″N 85°46′48″E / 25.86319°N 85.78001°E / 25.86319; 85.78001