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Location of Samastipur district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Samastipur, Ujiarpur|
|• Total||2,904 km2 (1,121 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||63.81 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||909|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH28, NH 103|
Samastipur district occupies an area of 2,904 square kilometres (1,121 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Muna Island. Samastipur is bounded on the north by the Bagmati River which separates it from Darbhanga district. On the west it is bordered by Vaishali and some part of Muzaffarpur district, on the south by the Ganges, while on its east it has Begusarai and some part of Khagaria district. The district headquarters is located at Samastipur.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Samastipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Samastipur district has a population of 4,261,566, roughly equal to the Republic of the Congo or the US state of Kentucky. This gives it a ranking of 45th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,465 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,790/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.33%. Samastipur has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.21%.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Congo, Republic of the 4,243,929
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901