Sambe (Korean: 삼베), or hemp fiber, is a traditional fiber for Korean clothing. The knowledge of weaving sambe skillfully is being lost, has been deemed a national treasure, and specific individuals with the ability were designated intangible cultural assets. Sambe was the primary textile fiber used in clothing for commoners prior to the introduction of cotton to Korea in the late 15th century. A particularly fine variety is andongpo from Andong, North Gyeongsang Province.
A Korean traditional funeral includes a sambe death dress for the deceased and sambe clothing for mourners. After commercial relations between China and Korea resumed in 1990, Chinese-made hemp cloth began to replace Korean cloth.
- Cho, Jae-eun (July 23, 2007), "Weaving way of life faces extinction", JoongAng Daily, Korea
- Chung, Ah-young (2015-11-20), "Andongpo: Artisan preserves disappearing craft of hemp fabric weaving", Korea Times
Book and journal sources
- Hwang, Min-Sun (2006), "Contemporary Hemp Weaving in Korea", Textile Society of America Symposium Proceedings, Paper 347 via University of Nebraska at Lincoln digital commons
- Clarke, Robert C. (April 2006), "Hemp (Cannabis) Cultivation and Use in the Republic of Korea", Journal of Industrial Hemp, 11 (1): 51–86
- Koh, Bu-ja (2007), "Sambe – Korean hemp fabrics", in Hamilton, Roy W.; Milgram, B. Lynne (eds.), Material choices: refashioning bast and leaf fibers in Asia and the Pacific, Fowler Museum at UCLA, ISBN 9780974872988, LCCN 2006033706, OCLC 191890941 UW Press page
- "The characteristics and changes of traditional hemp textile production of Gurye at Jeollanam-do in modern times (1920s~1980s)", The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, Costume Culture Association, 22 (1), 2014, doi:10.7741/rjcc.2014.22.1.016
- Yi, Pae-yong (2008), Women in Korean History, Ewha Womans University Press, ISBN 9788973007721
- Kendall, Laurel; Dix, Griffin (1987), Religion and Ritual in Korean Society, Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California