Sambe language

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Native to Nigeria
Region Kaduna State
Extinct 2 elderly speakers in 2005[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xab
Glottolog samb1307[2]

Sambe is a presumably extinct Plateau language of Nigeria once spoken in the village of the same name. The Sambe people have shifted to Ninzo.

Sambe is unusual in contrasting /k͡p/ and /k͡pʷ/, a rare distinction in the world’s languages. For example,

/k͡pùk͡pʷɛ̀/ "cough"
/kə́k͡pɛ/ "choose"[1]


  1. ^ a b Blench, Roger (2015). Final Records of the Sambe Language of Central Nigeria. Language Documentation and Conservation. Vol.9 (2015), pp.193–229.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sambe". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.