Sambhal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sambhal
City
Shahi Jama Masjid Sambhal
Pencil and wash drawing of royal mosque at Sambhal in Uttar Pradesh by Thomas and William Daniell, 24 March 1789.
Sambhal is located in Uttar Pradesh
Sambhal
Sambhal
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Sambhal is located in India
Sambhal
Sambhal
Sambhal (India)
Coordinates: 28°35′N 78°33′E / 28.58°N 78.55°E / 28.58; 78.55Coordinates: 28°35′N 78°33′E / 28.58°N 78.55°E / 28.58; 78.55
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionMoradabad
DistrictSambhal
Founded byPrithviraj Chauhan
Government
 • MPShafiqur Rahman Barq (SP)
 • MLAIqbal Mehmood (SP)
 • ChairmanArefa Shakeel (BSP)
Area
 • Total16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation203 m (666 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total220,813
 • Density11,433/km2 (29,610/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sambhali
Language
 • OfficialHindi[3]
 • Additional officialUrdu[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
244302
Telephone code(+91) (05923)
Vehicle registrationUP-38
Websitesambhal.nic.in

Sambhal (listen) is a city located in the Sambhal district of Uttar Pradesh state in India. The city lies approximately 158 kilometres (98 mi)[4] east of New Delhi and 355 kilometres (220 mi)[5] north-west of state capital Lucknow.

History[edit]

A folio from the Baburnama: An awards ceremony in Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodi's court before an expedition to Sambhal

Sambhal has been an urban center for hundreds of years. It was a prominent town during the medieval period. The painting shown here is a folio from the Baburnama, and depicts an award ceremony in Sultan Ibrahim Lodi's court before an expedition to Sambhal in the early 16th century. Sambhal is said to have flourished under the rule of Akbar but subsequently deteriorated in popularity when Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan was made in charge of the city, and the capital of the province was shifted to Moradabad.[6][7]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Sambhal[8]
Religion Percent
Islam
75.67%
Hinduism
24.00%
Others†
0.33%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christianity (0.12%), Sikhism (0.06%), Buddhism (<0.03%).

As per provisional reports of the 2011 Census of India, the population of Sambhal city in 2011 was 221,334, of which 116,008 were male and 105,326 were female. Total literates in Sambhal city are 92,608 of which 51,382 are males while 41,226 are females. The average literacy rate in Sambhal city is 49.51 percent, of which male literacy was 52.27 percent and female 46.45 percent. The sex ratio of Sambhal city is 908 per 1,000 males and the child sex ratio of girls is 936 per 1,000 boys. Total children (0-6) in Sambhal city were 34,279 as per the records of Census India 2011. There were 17,702 boys and 16,577 girls. The children form 15.49% of the total population of Sambhal City.[8]

Economy[edit]

Sambhal has the largest market of menthol in South Asia. Most of menthol oil is exported to Western Europe and China. [1]

Education[edit]

Sambhal has many schools and Inter colleges for primary and secondary level education affiliated with CBCS, ICSE, UP Board and Madarsa Board.

Degree Colleges[edit]

Distance Learning[edit]

Transport[edit]

Sambhal is well connected to the major cities like Delhi, Moradabad, Aligarh, Bulandshahr, Gajraula and Badaun.

Sambhal has also a railway station known as Hatim Sarai Railway Station.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sambhal, Uttar Pradesh, India". latlong.net. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  4. ^ Ltd, rome2rio Pty. "New Delhi to Sambhal - 5 ways to travel via train, bus, taxi, and car". Rome2rio. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  5. ^ Ltd, rome2rio Pty. "Lucknow to Sambhal - 5 ways to travel via train, bus, taxi, car, and plane". Rome2rio. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Sambhal | India | Britannica".
  7. ^ Ain-i-Akbari, Vol II, Tr.H.S. Jarrett, Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, repr., 1989. p. 295.
  8. ^ a b "Census 2011 Sambhal Town". Census 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2017.