Sambhal

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Sambhal
City
Sambhal is located in Uttar Pradesh
Sambhal
Sambhal
Location in Uttar Pradesh,North India
Coordinates: 28°35′N 78°33′E / 28.58°N 78.55°E / 28.58; 78.55Coordinates: 28°35′N 78°33′E / 28.58°N 78.55°E / 28.58; 78.55
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
Founded by Prithviraj Chauhan
Government
 • Type Municipality
Area
 • Total 16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation 293 m (961 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 220,813 (city only)
 • Density 11,433/km2 (29,610/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sambhali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244302
Telephone code (+91) (05923)
Vehicle registration UP 38
Website sambhal.nic.in

Sambhal is a city in Uttar Pradesh, India.[2]

Sambhal district, which had population of around 22 lakh, was carved out of Moradabad district in September 2011. It consists of three tehsils — Sambhal and Chandausi, taken from Moradabad, and Gunnaur, taken from Badaun. Sambhal city is famous for its unique kind of horn and bone craft items which is manufactured in Sarai Tarin 4 km away from Sambhal city (but included in Sambhal) which are being exported. Sambhal headquarter is situated in Pawasa Sambhal.[3]

History[edit]

Sambhal is said to have flourished under the Akbar rule but subsequently deteriorated in popularity when Akbar’s son Shah Jahan was made the incharge of the city. [4][5]

In the 18th century, Sambhal was conquered and ruled by Marathas, it remained a part of the Maratha empire till the Second Anglo-Maratha War in early 19th century.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Sambhal[7]
Religion Percent
Muslims
  
77.67%
Hindu
  
22.00%
Christian
  
0.12%
Others†
  
0.2%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.06%), Buddhists (<0.03%).

As per provisional reports of Census India 2011, the population of Sambhal city in 2011 is 221,334; of which male and female are 116,008 and 105,326 respectively. Total literates in Sambhal city are 92,608 of which 51,382 are males while 41,226 are females. Average literacy rate of Sambhal city is 49.51 percent of which male and female literacy was 52.27 and 46.45 percent. The sex ratio of Sambhal city is 908 per 1000 males and child sex ratio of girls is 936 per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6) in Sambhal city are 34,279 as per the records of Census India report on 2011. There were 17,702 boys while 16,577 are girls. The child forms 15.49% of total population of Sambhal City.[8]

Education[edit]

Education
Demographic Point Percent
Total
  
49.51%
Male
  
52.27%
Female
  
46.45%
Education in Sambhal[9]

Higher and professional education[edit]

Institutions imparting a great deal of higher education in Sambhal are mainly government degree colleges. These include:

  • Mission International Academy (High School)
  • Mahatma Gandhi Memorial (Post-Graduate) College
  • Government PG College (राजकीय महाविद्यालय सम्भल)
  • Azad Girls Degree College
  • Grandmark Institute of Technology & Management (Sambhal)
  • Shree K.S. Degree College, Asmoli, Sambhal

Recently, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, a Central University by the Act of Parliament of India,[10] established its sub-regional centre in Sambhal. The centre is housed in Al-Tareen ITI Campus,[11] Sambhal. The MANUU centre in sambhal is providing education in professional and semi-professional disciplines.

Another Center for Distance Education of Aligarh Muslim University is situated at Madrasa Sirajul Uloom Hilali Sarai Sambhal[12] providing education in courses like B.A.(Honors), B.Com (Honors),M.A, M.Com etc.

Secondary education[edit]

These institutions constitute a class of schools or intermediate (pre-university) colleges that are governed by mandates and under guidance of apex education body of state government i.e. Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad. Latter is commonly known as UP Board. The institutions in this category are:

Festivals and culture[edit]

Although Sambhal is said to be heavily populated by the Muslims, the city is also much influenced by other culture and significance. It’s a place where Hindus and Muslims co-exist peacefully. Many mosques are part of modern-day Sambhal with some even dating back to the 14th and 15th century.[13]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]