Sambhavanatha

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Sambhavanatha
3rd Jain Tirthankara
Sambhavanatha
Image of Tirthankara Sambhavnatha at Gwalior Fort museum
Venerated in Jainism
Predecessor Ajitanatha
Successor Abhinandananatha
Symbol Horse
Height 400 dhanusa (1,200 meters)
Age 6,000,000 purva (423.360 Quintillion Years Old)
Color Golden
Personal Information
Born Shravasti
Moksha Shikharji
Parents
  • Jitārī (father)
  • Susena (mother)

Sambhavanath was the third Jain tirthankar (omniscient teaching god) of the present age (Avasarpini). Sambhavanatha was born to King Jitārī and Queen Susena at Sravasti. His birth date was the fourteenth day of the Margshrsha shukla month of the Indian calendar. Like all arihant (omniscient beings), Sambhavanatha at the end of his life destroyed all associated karmas and attained moksha (liberation).

Life[edit]

Sambhavanatha was the third tirthankar (omniscient Jain teacher) of the present age (Avasarpini).[1] He was born to King Jitārī and Queen Susena at Sravasti.[2][3] in the Ikshvaku dynasty.[1] His height was 400 dhanusa (1,200 meters).[2] Sambavanatha is associated with Horse emblem, Sala tree,[4] Trimukha (three-faced) Yaksha and Prajnapthi & Duritari Yakshi.[5]

According to Jain text Uttarapurāṇa, Sambhavanatha possessed three types of knowledge from birth.[6]

Prayer[edit]

Svayambhustotra by Acarya Samantabhadra is the adoration of twenty-four tirthankaras. Its five slokas (aphorisms) adore the qualities of Sambhavanātha.[7]

O Lord Sambhavanātha! The worldly life appears to be transient, without a protector, sullied with the blemishes of pride and delusion, and tormented by birth, old-age and death. You had helped worldly souls attain ambrosial happiness by ridding these of the karmic dirt.

— Svayambhustotra (3-2-12)[8]

Main Temples[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tukol 1980, p. 31.
  2. ^ a b Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 183.
  3. ^ "Sravasti", asiexbrpatna.bih.nic.in 
  4. ^ Krishna & Amirthalingam 2014, p. 46.
  5. ^ Tandon 2002, p. 44.
  6. ^ Jain 2015, p. 15.
  7. ^ Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 16-19.
  8. ^ Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 17.

References[edit]