Sambre-et-Meuse

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Department of Sambre-et-Meuse

Département de Sambre-et-Meuse (fr)
1795–1814
Flag of Sambre-et-Meuse
Sambre-et-Meuse and other annexed departments
Sambre-et-Meuse and other annexed departments
StatusDepartment of the French First Republic and the French First Empire
Chef-lieuNamur
50°28′N 4°52′E / 50.467°N 4.867°E / 50.467; 4.867
Official languagesFrench
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
• Creation
1 October 1795
• Treaty of Paris, disestablished
30 May 1814
Area
18144,579 km2 (1,768 sq mi)
Population
• 1814
180,655[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Austrian Netherlands
Prince-Bishopric of Liège
United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Today part of
Map of the former Sambre-et-Meuse département

Sambre-et-Meuse ([sɑ̃bʁ.e.møz]) was a department of the French First Republic and French First Empire in present-day Belgium. It was named after the rivers Sambre and Meuse. It was created on 1 October 1795, when the Austrian Netherlands and the Prince-Bishopric of Liège were officially annexed by the French Republic[2]. Before the reunion with France, its territory was part of the County of Namur, the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and the Duchies of Brabant and Luxembourg.

The Chef-lieu of the department was Namur. The department was subdivided into the following four arrondissements and cantons:

After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the department was dissolved and later became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its territory is now divided between the Belgian provinces of Namur and Luxembourg.

Administration[edit]

Prefects[edit]

The Prefect was the highest state representative in the department.

Term start Term end Office holder
2 March 1800[3] 17 April 1806 Emmanuel Pérès de la Gesse
3 January 1814[4] 30 May 1814 Jean Paul Alban de Villeneuve-Bargemon

Secretaries-General[edit]

The Secretary-General was the deputy to the Prefect.

Term start Term end Office holder
2 March 1800 ?? ?? 1803 Corneille Joseph Bauchau
?? ?? 1803 30 May 1814 L.A. Fallon

Subprefects of Dinant[edit]

Term start Term end Office holder
23 April 1800[1] 7 April 1813 Louis Joseph Delevingne
7 April 1813[1] 30 May 1814 Claude François Prudhomme

Subprefects of Marche[edit]

Term start Term end Office holder
23 April 1800[1] 24 May 1800 Dewal
24 May 1800[1] 30 May 1814 Jacques François Joseph Briart

Subprefects of Namur[edit]

The office of Subprefect of Namur was held by the Prefect until 1811.

Term start Term end Office holder
14 January 1811[1] 30 May 1814 Edouard Auxy

Subprefects of Saint-Hubert[edit]

Term start Term end Office holder
23 April 1800[1] 30 May 1814 Louis Dieudonné Joseph Dewez

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Tulard, Jean & Marie-José (2014). Napoléon et 40 millions de sujets: La centralisation et le premier empire. p. 354.
  2. ^ Duvergier, Jean-Baptiste (1835). Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, réglemens et avis du Conseil d'état, t. 8. p. 300.
  3. ^ Archives Nationales. "PÉRÈS DE LA GESSE, Emmanuel". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  4. ^ Archives Nationales. "VILLENEUVE-BARGEMON, Jean Paul Alban de". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2019.