Same-sex marriage in Chiapas

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Same-sex marriage is legal in the Mexican state of Chiapas, following a ruling by the Mexican Supreme Court on 11 July 2017.

History[edit]

State recognition of same-sex relationships in Mexico.
  Marriage at the state level
  Marriage by amparo only
  Civil unions; marriage by amparo only

Legislative action[edit]

Various LGBT activist groups delivered documents to the executive and legislative branches of government and the State Board of Human Rights on 15 February 2012, recommending amendments to the marriage laws of Chiapas to comply with federal anti-discrimination provisions.[1] On 29 November 2013, Diego Cadenas Gordillo, acting as a human rights activist, sent a bill to legalize same-sex marriage and reform the Civil Code and Civil Procedure of the state.[2][3] The proposal was rejected on 13 December 2013, citing that "popular initiatives" must be supported by 1.5% of the electorate, or 50,500 voters.[4] On 3 January 2014, an injunction was filed before a federal judge because of the refusal of Congress to act on the initiative.[5][6] The judge denied the injunction against the Civil Code and an appeal was filed with the Twentieth Circuit Court.[5] In November 2014, activist and lawyer Diego Cadenas Gordillo filed a request for formal intervention by the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR), claiming that the state Legislature, Governor Manuel Velasco Coello, nor the State Commission of Human Rights had responded to the discriminatory laws banning same-sex marriage in Chiapas.[7]

After clashes between the Mayor of Chilón and religious groups in January 2014,[8] activists filed a complaint with the National Commission on Prevention of Discrimination (Conapred).[9] On 27 March 2014, Deputy Alejandra Ruiz Soriano from the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) filed an initiative to amend 19 articles of the Civil Code and 15 articles of the Code of Civil Procedure, to incorporate the concept of marriage as "the free union of two people for the community of life, where both respect, equality and mutual aid are sought." In addition, it also standardized the concept of cohabitation, disregarding a person's sexual preference.[10]

A new same-sex marriage bill was presented to the Chiapan Congress in May 2016.[11] According to Unidos Diferentes Asociación Civil (UDAC), a local LGBT advocacy group, the same-sex marriage bill was taken off the agenda several times and not voted upon due to the actions of the president of the local Congress, Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar. Additionally, UDAC has said that the bill does not address the issue of adoption for same-sex couples.[12]

Amparos[edit]

On 25 September 2014, a collective injunction for the legalization of same-sex marriage was filed.[13] On 3 March 2015, 51 couples won the right to marry as the state's Civil Code was deemed unconstitutional by the SCJN.[14] On 26 March 2015, a document sent from the Chiapan Congress was publicised and denounced the ruling and asked for a review stating in their brief that same-sex marriage was unnatural while making comparisons of homosexual relationships to incest.[15] The Chairman of the Board of Congress later denied the filing of the review stressing that only he has the power to make the request and insisting that he never signed any document regarding the issue.[16] However, on 16 April 2015, the media revealed that the state's Judicial Council website received the request on 23 March 2015 and had already assigned a number to the case.[17]

In December 2015, a lesbian couple was able to marry in the capital city of Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez.[18][19] In July 2016, the Second District Court, based in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, granted another amparo to a same-sex couple. The Court declared articles 144 and 145 of the Chiapan Civil Code unconstitutional.[20] In September 2016, the First Chamber of the Supreme Court declared various articles of the state's Civil Code unconstitutional for limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples.[21]

2017 Supreme Court ruling[edit]

On 6 April 2016, an action of unconstitutionality was filed before the Mexican Supreme Court.[22][23] The action sought to legalize same-sex marriage in Chiapas, similarly to Jalisco (where the Supreme Court struck down that state's same-sex marriage ban in a unanimous ruling in early 2016). On 11 July 2017, the Court ruled that the man-woman definition of marriage in the Chiapas Civil Code was unconstitutional, effectively legalizing same-sex marriage in the state and specifying that an amparo is not required.[24][25] The first same-sex marriage ceremony celebrated in Chiapas following the ruling occurred in late July 2017, though the couple still married using an amparo.[26] The Civil Registry began accepting marriage applications from same-sex couples on 30 October 2017. The first couple to marry (without an amparo) did so in San Cristóbal de las Casas that day.[27]

Officials from the state later confirmed that same-sex couples are allowed to adopt.[28]

Marriage statistics[edit]

From December 2017 to June 2018, more than 300 same-sex marriages were performed in Chiapas. Most of these marriages were carried out in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Tapachula and Comitán. Additionally, many couples came from other states (including from Tabasco, Veracruz and Oaxaca).[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Homosexuales en Chiapas dicen no al matrimonio del mismo sexo - De Facto". defacto.com.mx. 
  2. ^ "Piden organizaciones al Congreso aprobar matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo". chiapasparalelo.com. 
  3. ^ "Turnan al Congreso de Chiapas iniciativa para legalizar los matrimonios gay". Proceso. 
  4. ^ "Rechaza Congreso de Chiapas iniciativa ciudadana para legalizar matrimonio homosexual". Your Site NAME Goes HERE. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Interpondrán recurso de revisión ante magistrados por caso de matrimonio igualitario". chiapasparalelo.com. 
  6. ^ "Gays de Chiapas meterán amparo pro Matrimonio Igualitario". idl.com.mx. 
  7. ^ "Denuncian ante la CIDH negativa de autoridades de Chiapas para legalizar bodas gay". Proceso. 
  8. ^ "Alcalde de Chiapas hace campaña contra bodas gay y el aborto". adnpolitico.com. 
  9. ^ Super User. "Campaña contra matrimonio gay en Chiapas". diariocontrapoderenchiapas.com. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "A unos pasos de legalizar los matrimonios "gay" en Chiapas". Noticiasnet. 
  11. ^ Consensan iniciativa para unión legal entre personas del mismo sexo
  12. ^ Henríquez, Elio (14 June 2016). "Congreso de Chiapas bloquea iniciativa sobre bodas gay, denuncian activistas". La Jornada en línea. 
  13. ^ "Photoimage of document" (JPG). Snag.gy. Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  14. ^ Hermes Chávez. "Gana colectivo gay amparo para celebrar bodas en Chiapas". Milenio. 
  15. ^ Agencia Multimedios. "Contraviene Congreso de Chiapas resolución de SCJN sobre matrimonio gay". muralchiapas.com. 
  16. ^ "Niega Congreso haber interpuesto recurso de revisión para evitar matrimonio igualitario en Chiapas". chiapasparalelo.com. 
  17. ^ "Miente Congreso del Estado sobre matrimonio igualitario". chiapasparalelo.com. 
  18. ^ "51 chiapanecos esperan fallo para contraer matrimonio igualitario". Oye Chiapas. 5 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Se realiza el primer matrimonio igualitario en Chiapas". Alerta Chiapas. 4 May 2016. 
  20. ^ (in Spanish) Juez resuelve a favor de matrimonio de pareja gay en Chiapas
  21. ^ (in Spanish) SCJN avala matrimonios gay en Nuevo León, Hidalgo y Chiapas
  22. ^ (in Spanish) Índice de Acciones de Inconstitucionalidad
  23. ^ "Activistas van contra prohibición de bodas gay en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Proceso. 4 May 2016. 
  24. ^ Reyes, Juan Pablo (11 July 2017). "Suprema Corte avala el matrimonio igualitario en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Excélsior. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  25. ^ Lastirl, Diana (11 July 2017). "Avala Suprema Corte bodas gay en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: El Universal. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  26. ^ "Celebran primera boda igualitaria en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: El Universal. 31 July 2017. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. 
  27. ^ (in Spanish) Ya son legales las bodas entre personas del mismo sexo en Chiapas
  28. ^ (in Spanish) Parejas gay en Chiapas podrán adoptar, acceder a la salud…
  29. ^ (in Spanish) Se han realizado en Chiapas más de 300 matrimonios igualitarios