Same-sex marriage in Chiapas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Legal status of same-sex unions
Marriage
Performed
Recognized

* Not yet in effect, but automatic deadline set by judicial body for same-sex marriage to become legal

LGBT portal

Same-sex marriage is legal in the Mexican state of Chiapas, following a ruling by the Mexican Supreme Court on 11 July 2017.

History[edit]

Same-sex unions performed in Mexican states
  Same-sex marriages performed*
  Civil unions performed; marriage by amparo only
  Marriage not performed (except by amparo) despite Supreme Court order
  Marriage accessible by amparo or by traveling out of state
*Legislation is not equal in all states. See details.

Legislative action[edit]

Various LGBT activist groups delivered documents to the executive and legislative branches of government and the State Board of Human Rights on 15 February 2012, recommending amendments to the marriage laws of Chiapas to comply with federal anti-discrimination provisions.[1] On 29 November 2013, human rights activist Diego Cadenas Gordillo sent Congress a bill to legalize same-sex marriage and reform the Civil Code and Civil Procedure of the state.[2][3] The proposal was rejected on 13 December 2013, citing that "popular initiatives" must be supported by 1.5% of the electorate, or 50,500 voters.[4] On 3 January 2014, an injunction was filed before a federal judge because of the refusal of Congress to act on the initiative.[5][6] The judge rejected the injunction, and shortly thereafter an appeal was filed with the Twentieth Circuit Court.[5] In November 2014, Gordillo filed a request for formal intervention by the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR), claiming that neither the state Congress, Governor Manuel Velasco Coello nor the State Commission of Human Rights had responded to the discriminatory laws banning same-sex marriage in Chiapas.[7]

After clashes between the Mayor of Chilón and religious groups in January 2014,[8] activists filed a complaint with the Consejo Nacional para Prevenir La Discriminación (CONAPRED).[9] On 27 March 2014, Deputy Alejandra Ruiz Soriano from the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) filed an initiative to amend 19 articles of the Civil Code and 15 articles of the Code of Civil Procedure to incorporate the concept of marriage as "the free union of two people for the community of life, where both respect, equality and mutual aid are sought." In addition, it would have also standardized the concept of cohabitation, regardless of sexual preference.[10]

After inaction on Soriano's bill, a new same-sex marriage bill was presented to the Chiapan Congress in May 2016.[11] According to Unidos Diferentes Asociación Civil (UDAC), a local LGBT advocacy group, the new bill has been taken off the agenda several times and not voted upon due to the actions of the president of the local Congress, Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar. Additionally, UDAC has said that the bill does not address the issue of adoption for same-sex couples.[12]

Injunctions[edit]

On 25 September 2014, a collective amparo (injunction) was filed.[13] On 3 March 2015, 51 couples won the right to marry as the state's Civil Code was deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (SCJN).[14] On 26 March 2015, a document sent from the Chiapan Congress was publicised and denounced the ruling and asked for a review, stating in their brief that same-sex marriage was "unnatural" while making comparisons of homosexual relationships to incest.[15] The Chairman of the Board of Congress later denied the filing of the review stressing that only he has the power to make the request and insisting that he never signed any document regarding the issue.[16] However, on 16 April 2015, the media revealed that the state's Judicial Council website received the review request on 23 March 2015 and had already assigned a number to the case.[17] Eventually, in September 2016, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the couples and declared the state's same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional.[18]

In December 2015, a lesbian couple was able to marry in the capital city of Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez.[19][20] In July 2016, the Second District Court, based in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, granted another amparo to a same-sex couple. The Court declared articles 144 and 145 of the Chiapan Civil Code unconstitutional.[21] In September 2016, the First Chamber of the Supreme Court declared various articles of the state's Civil Code unconstitutional for limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples.[18]

2017 Supreme Court ruling[edit]

On 6 April 2016, an action of unconstitutionality was filed before the Mexican Supreme Court.[22][23] The action sought to legalize same-sex marriage in Chiapas, similarly to Jalisco (where the Supreme Court struck down that state's same-sex marriage ban in a unanimous ruling in early 2016). On 11 July 2017, the Court ruled that the man-woman definition of marriage in the Chiapas Civil Code was unconstitutional, effectively legalizing same-sex marriage in the state and specifying that an amparo is not required.[24][25] The first same-sex marriage ceremony celebrated in Chiapas following the ruling occurred in late July 2017, though the couple still married using an amparo.[26] The ruling would come into effect upon publication in the Official Gazette of the Federation (Diario Oficial de la Federación). On 30 October 2017, the ruling still not published, the Civil Registry began nonetheless accepting marriage applications from same-sex couples. The first couple to marry (without an amparo) did so in San Cristóbal de las Casas that day.[27] The ruling was officially published on 11 May 2018.[28]

Officials from the state later confirmed that same-sex couples are allowed to adopt.[29]

Marriage statistics[edit]

From December 2017 to June 2018, more than 300 same-sex marriages were performed in Chiapas. Most of these marriages were carried out in Tuxtla Gutiérrez, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Tapachula and Comitán. Additionally, many couples came from other states (including from Tabasco, Veracruz and Oaxaca).[30]

Public opinion[edit]

A 2017 opinion poll conducted by Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica found that 39% of Chiapas residents supported same-sex marriage, the second lowest in the entire nation. 58% were opposed.[31]

According to a 2018 survey by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), 59% of the Chiapas public opposed same-sex marriage, the highest in Mexico.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Homosexuales en Chiapas dicen no al matrimonio del mismo sexo - De Facto". defacto.com.mx.
  2. ^ "Piden organizaciones al Congreso aprobar matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo". chiapasparalelo.com.
  3. ^ "Turnan al Congreso de Chiapas iniciativa para legalizar los matrimonios gay". Proceso.
  4. ^ "Rechaza Congreso de Chiapas iniciativa ciudadana para legalizar matrimonio homosexual". Your Site NAME Goes HERE. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Interpondrán recurso de revisión ante magistrados por caso de matrimonio igualitario". chiapasparalelo.com.
  6. ^ "Gays de Chiapas meterán amparo pro Matrimonio Igualitario". idl.com.mx.
  7. ^ "Denuncian ante la CIDH negativa de autoridades de Chiapas para legalizar bodas gay". Proceso.
  8. ^ "Alcalde de Chiapas hace campaña contra bodas gay y el aborto". adnpolitico.com.
  9. ^ Super User. "Campaña contra matrimonio gay en Chiapas". diariocontrapoderenchiapas.com. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014.
  10. ^ "A unos pasos de legalizar los matrimonios "gay" en Chiapas". Noticiasnet.
  11. ^ Consensan iniciativa para unión legal entre personas del mismo sexo
  12. ^ Henríquez, Elio (14 June 2016). "Congreso de Chiapas bloquea iniciativa sobre bodas gay, denuncian activistas". La Jornada en línea.
  13. ^ "Photoimage of document" (JPG). Snag.gy. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  14. ^ Hermes Chávez. "Gana colectivo gay amparo para celebrar bodas en Chiapas". Milenio.
  15. ^ Agencia Multimedios. "Contraviene Congreso de Chiapas resolución de SCJN sobre matrimonio gay". muralchiapas.com.
  16. ^ "Niega Congreso haber interpuesto recurso de revisión para evitar matrimonio igualitario en Chiapas". chiapasparalelo.com.
  17. ^ "Miente Congreso del Estado sobre matrimonio igualitario". chiapasparalelo.com.
  18. ^ a b (in Spanish) SCJN avala matrimonios gay en Nuevo León, Hidalgo y Chiapas
  19. ^ "51 chiapanecos esperan fallo para contraer matrimonio igualitario". Oye Chiapas. 5 May 2016.
  20. ^ "Se realiza el primer matrimonio igualitario en Chiapas". Alerta Chiapas. 4 May 2016.
  21. ^ (in Spanish) Juez resuelve a favor de matrimonio de pareja gay en Chiapas
  22. ^ (in Spanish) Índice de Acciones de Inconstitucionalidad
  23. ^ "Activistas van contra prohibición de bodas gay en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Proceso. 4 May 2016.
  24. ^ Reyes, Juan Pablo (11 July 2017). "Suprema Corte avala el matrimonio igualitario en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Excélsior. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  25. ^ Lastirl, Diana (11 July 2017). "Avala Suprema Corte bodas gay en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: El Universal. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  26. ^ "Celebran primera boda igualitaria en Chiapas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: El Universal. 31 July 2017. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017.
  27. ^ (in Spanish) Ya son legales las bodas entre personas del mismo sexo en Chiapas
  28. ^ (in Spanish) SENTENCIA dictada por el Tribunal Pleno de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación en la Acción de Inconstitucionalidad 32/2016, así como los Votos Concurrentes formulados por los ministros Eduardo Medina Mora I., Luis María Aguilar Morales y Arturo Zaldívar Lelo de Larrea.
  29. ^ (in Spanish) Parejas gay en Chiapas podrán adoptar, acceder a la salud…
  30. ^ (in Spanish) Se han realizado en Chiapas más de 300 matrimonios igualitarios
  31. ^ (in Spanish) Encuesta nacional 2017, Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica
  32. ^ (in Spanish) #Data | ¿Quién está en contra del matrimonio gay?