Same-sex marriage in Coahuila

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Same-sex marriage has been legal in the Mexican state of Coahuila since 17 September 2014, based on an effective date established by legislation passed on 1 September 2014. Prior to the law's passage, civil unions for same-sex couples were legal, but not same-sex marriage. The passage of the same-sex marriage bill made Coahuila the second jurisdiction in Mexico, and the first state (as Mexico City is a federal district), to pass same-sex marriage via legislative means. Only Mexico City and the state of Quintana Roo allowed for same-sex marriage prior to Coahuila.

History[edit]

State recognition of same-sex relationships in Mexico.
  Marriage at the state level
  Marriage by amparo only
  Civil unions; marriage by amparo only

Civil unions[edit]

The legalization of same-sex civil unions in Coahuila had started to be discussed as early as November 2006, simultaneously with the discussion then ongoing in Mexico City.[1]

On 11 January 2007, in a 20–13 vote, the Congress of Coahuila voted to legalize same-sex civil unions under the name Pacto Civil de Solidaridad (PCS, Civil Pact of Solidarity), which gave property and inheritance rights to same-sex couples. Similar to France's Pacte Civil de Solidarité and Germany's Eingetragene Lebenspartnerschaft.[2][3]

Political party Members Yes No Abstain Absent
Institutional Revolutionary Party 20 19 1
National Action Party 9 9
Party of the Democratic Revolution 2 1 1
Democratic Unity of Coahuila 2 2
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 1 1
Labor Party 1 1
Total 35 20 13 2

"The PCS represented a sensible response to the existence of citizens who traditionally have been victims of discrimination, humiliation and abuse. This does not have to do with morality. It has to do with legality. As human beings, we have to protect them as they are. It has to do with civil liberty," said Congresswoman Julieta López, who pushed the bill, from the centrist Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), whose 19 members voted for the law.[3] Luis Alberto Mendoza, deputy of the center-right National Action Party (PAN), which opposed the law, said it was an "attack against the family, which is society's natural group and is formed by a man and a woman."[3] Other than that, the PCS drew little opposition. Bishop Raúl Vera, who headed the Catholic Diocese of Saltillo, declined to condemn the law. While Vera insisted that "two women or two men cannot get married," he also saw gay people as a vulnerable minority. "Today we live in a society that is composed in a different way. There are people who do not want to marry under the law or in the church. They need legal protection. I should not abandon these people."[2] Unlike Mexico City's law, once same-sex couples have registered in Coahuila, the state protects their rights no matter where they live in the country.[2] Twenty days after the law had passed, the country's first same-sex civil union took place in Saltillo. It was between 29-year-olds Karina Almaguer and Karla Lopez, a lesbian couple from Tamaulipas.[4] Between 2007 and 2010, 196 same-sex couples had entered into a PCS, none of them had been annulled.[5]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

On 5 March 2013, Congressman Samuel Acevedo Flores, from the Social Democratic Party, introduced a bill to the Congress of Coahuila to legalize same-sex marriages and adoption by same-sex couples.[6] On 11 February 2014, the Congress approved adoptions by same-sex couples with a vote of 23 in favor and two against (National Action Party and Democratic Unity of Coahuila);[7] however, debate on same-sex marriage continued. On 8 August 2014, the Congress again began discussions regarding same-sex marriage.[8] The bill passed on 1 September 2014 making Coahuila the second district to reform its Civil Code and third jurisdiction where a couple may marry without an injunction.[9] The law took effect on 17 September 2014,[10] and the first couple married on 20 September.[11]

Political party[12] Members Yes No Abstain Absent
Institutional Revolutionary Party 15 12 3
National Action Party 2 2
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 2 1 1
New Alliance Party 2 2
Coahuila First Party 2 1 1
Social Democratic Party 1 1
Democratic Unity of Coahuila 1 1
Total 25 19 1 5

Statistics[edit]

From September 2014 to June 2017, 453 same-sex marriages were performed in the state.[13]

By July 2018, 736 same-sex couples had married in Coahuila.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC News (10 November 2006). "Mexico City passes gay union law". Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c S. Lynne Walker (5 March 2007). "New law propels gay rights in Mexico". Mail & Guardian Online. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c Mail & Guardian Online (13 January 2007). "Mexican state approves gay civil unions". Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  4. ^ "Mexico's first civil union". Gay.com UK & Ireland. Associated Press. 1 February 2007. Archived from the original on 30 May 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  5. ^ Karla Garza (17 January 2010). "Decaen pactos de convivencia en Coahuila" (in Spanish). Vanguardia. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  6. ^ Congreso de Coahuila inicia discusión sobre matrimonio gay
  7. ^ Aprueban adopción gay en Coahuila
  8. ^ Congreso en discusión del matrimonio homosexual en Coahuila
  9. ^ "Aprueban matrimonios gay en Coahuila". Vangardia.com.mx. 1 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Legales desde hoy matrimonios entre homosexuales en Coahuila". Vanguardia. 17 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "First Gay Couple Marries In Coahuila, Mexico". On Top Magazine. 21 September 2014. 
  12. ^ Hilda Hernández (1 September 2014). "Aprueba Congreso local bodas gays en Coahuila" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  13. ^ (in Spanish) Van 453 uniones gay en Coahuila
  14. ^ (in Spanish) Registra Coahuila 736 matrimonios igualitarios en cuatro años