Success Kid is an Internet meme featuring a baby clenching a fistful of sand with a determined facial expression. It began in 2007 and eventually became known as "Success Kid". The popularity of the image led CNN to describe Sammy Griner, the boy depicted in the photo, as "likely the Internet's most famous baby". In addition to popular use on social media, the image has been licensed for commercial use, and was used by the White House to promote immigration reform. In 2015 the Griner family used it to promote a GoFundMe campaign for money to pay for the father's kidney transplant.
The meme originated in 2007, after Laney Griner uploaded to Flickr a photograph of her son Sammy trying to eat sand. The meme gained initial popularity captioned "I Hate Sandcastles", suggesting that the boy had just destroyed another child's sandcastle. Eventually the interpretation of the image shifted, focusing on the boy's facial expression and clenched fist as a gesture of self-congratulation, adding captions that boasted of small personal victories and good fortune. Laney Griner disliked the "I Hate Sandcastles" meme as she felt it made her son – who in fact loved sandcastles – look like a bully, but she embraced the "Success Kid" concept. She observed that her son gets embarrassed by his association with the meme.
After the meme became popular, Laney Griner licensed the picture to Getty Images, a stock photo agency, but decided that there were too many contracts involved in the process, and began to license it herself instead. A fireworks company featured the image on one of its products without permission, and she sued, taking issue both with the fact that they were profiting from her son's likeness and the fact that he appeared to be endorsing an age-inappropriate product. He appeared in an ad for Vitamin Water as well as billboards for Virgin Mobile UK, for a fee that website Search Engine Journal described as "significant". In 2013, she hired "meme manager" Ben Lashes to represent her son and his likeness, which led to deals to have the image put on t-shirts sold by Hot Topic, for Radio Shack to use the picture around its corporate offices, and to have him appear on Xbox screensavers.
In 2012, Justin and Laney Griner spoke at a conference connected with ROFLCon about the challenges of raising a child and protecting that child's brand at the same time. They have been criticized by people who claimed that they were exploiting their son, which Laney has answered by saying that she had no control over whether the meme spread, and stated that she was not worried about backlash because "there are more people getting joy out of the picture than anything else."
In June 2013, members of Barack Obama's staff posted an image on Twitter of Success Kid that read: "PASS IMMIGRATION REFORM" and "SAVE TAXPAYERS $897,000,000,000." The tweet included a link to a report that suggested that immigration reform could lead to cutting the US deficit by nearly $200 billion within 10 years, and was intended to raise support for the legislation in Congress. The usage of the meme was met with mixed reception on Twitter.
Shortly before Sammy Griner's birth, his father Justin was diagnosed with kidney failure, for which he received dialysis for four hours per session, three days a week. In April 2015, Laney Griner launched a GoFundMe campaign, hoping to raise $75,000 to help pay for his medical care and an eventual kidney transplant. She was initially reluctant to associate the campaign with the "Success Kid" meme, wishing for it to focus on her husband's medical need, but changed her mind, and in the first five days it received donations of nearly $9,000 from 300 people. The campaign was linked to on the website Reddit, bringing the total to more than $83,000 in a few days. The story was picked up by several news media outlets, including ABC News, CNN, BuzzFeed, and Time, The Huffington Post, and others. In August 2015 ABC News reported that Justin had received a transplant, was doing well post surgery, and was recovering at home.
- Lupkin, Sydney (2015-04-14). "Success Kid's Dad Needs a Kidney Transplant". ABC News. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Payne, Ed (2015-04-15). "'Success Kid' appeals to social media to get his dad a kidney transplant". CNN. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- June, Laura (2012-05-07). "At ROFLCon, watching memes go mainstream". The Verge. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- McRady, Rachel (2015-04-14). "Success Kid From Meme Fame Seeks New Kidney for His Sick Father". US Weekly. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Erickson, Christine (2012-05-10). "What to Expect When Your Kid Becomes a Meme". Mashable. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Wasserman, Todd (2015-02-25). "Boom! Success Kid's mom sues fireworks company for using his image". Mashable. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Feagins, Karen (2013-04-05). "'Success Kid' Is From Jacksonville". wjct NEWS. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- DeMers, Jason (2013-09-09). "How to Use Memes in Your Social Media Marketing Campaign". Search Engine Journal. Retrieved 2015-04-17.
- Larson, Leslie (2013-06-19). "White House tweets Success Kid meme urging Congress to pass immigration reform". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Readhead, Harry (2015-04-15). "'Success Kid' fundraising target smashed after Redditor posts Metro article". Metro. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Zarrell, Rachel (2015-04-14). "The Boy From The "Success Kid" Meme Is Trying To Get His Dad A Kidney". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Sifferlin, Alexandra (2015-04-15). "Boy of 'Success Kid' Meme Fundraises For Father's Kidney Transplant". Time. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- Bologna, Caroline (2015-04-14). "Dad Of Viral 'Success Kid' Needs A Kidney Transplant". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Dad of 'Success Kid' Gets Successful Kidney Transplant". ABC News. 2015-08-19. Retrieved 2016-09-02.
- "What ever happened to 'Success Kid' of meme fame?", CBS News (video), December 13, 2016