Samuel Wilson (born 4 April 1953) is a British politician from Northern Ireland who is a member of parliament (MP) for East Antrim. He served as a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Belfast East from 1998 until 2003 and for East Antrim from 2003 until 2015. He served as Lord Mayor of Belfast in 1986 – 1987 and again from June 2000 to June 2001. He was the first person from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to hold the office. He previously served as Minister of Finance and Personnel and Minister of the Environment in the Northern Ireland Executive.
Wilson was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, the son of Alexander Wilson, pastor of Bangor Elim Pentecostal Church. Both of his parents died of Alzheimers. He was educated at Methodist College Belfast, and then went on study Economics and Politics at both Queen's University, Belfast and Stranmillis Teaching College. Wilson's first job was a teaching post at Grosvenor Grammar School. He later became the Head of Economics at the school, and also served as Assistant Chief Examiner for A-level Economics for the CCEA exam board in Northern Ireland.
Outside politics Wilson is a keen gardener and motorbike enthusiast as well as taking an interest in animals and birds. In May 1996, the Sunday World newspaper published a series of candid holiday photographs showing Wilson and his girlfriend naked. Wilson subsequently sued the paper for damages, which were settled out of court. After the incident Martin McGuinness of Sinn Féin addressed the Northern Ireland Assembly by saying "It is also very good to come across someone like Mr Sammy Wilson, whom I have never met, and it is great to see him today with his clothes on."
DUP Press Officer
Wilson began his political life as the Democratic Unionist Party's Press Officer. He served as Press Officer from 1982–1996. In 1981, he was elected as a DUP councillor to Belfast City Council, a position that he held until March 2010. Through his membership of the city council, Wilson became the first person from the DUP to serve as Lord Mayor of Belfast in 1986/1987. Wilson stood in East Belfast at the 1982 Assembly elections but was not elected. He first contested a seat for the British Parliament in 1992, when he stood for Strangford, but came second with 23% of the vote.
In January 1994, the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) released a document calling for ethnic cleansing and repartition, with the goal of making Northern Ireland wholly Protestant. The plan was to be implemented should the British Army withdraw from Northern Ireland. Areas with strong Catholic/nationalist majorities would be handed over to the Republic of Ireland, and those Catholics left stranded in the "Protestant state" would be "expelled, nullified, or interned". Controversially, Wilson called some parts of the plan a "very valuable return to reality". He added: "[it] shows that some loyalist paramilitaries are looking ahead and contemplating what needs to be done to maintain our separate Ulster identity".
MLA for East Belfast
Wilson again served as Lord Mayor of Belfast between June 2000 and June 2001. During his time as Mayor, the Andersonstown News set up a website to highlight Wilson's "naked sectarianism". The site included such quotes from Wilson as: "The GAA is the sporting wing of the IRA"; "I don't care if [gays] are ratepayers. As far as I am concerned they are perverts"; "Taigs don't pay rates"; and "They [Sinn Féin voters in the Oldpark area of Belfast] are sub-human animals". The Andersonstown News had challenged Wilson to take legal action if he felt he was being misrepresented. He did not. The website voluntarily shut down when he ended his tenure as Mayor.
MLA and MP for East Antrim
In the 2003 Assembly election, Wilson stood successfully in the East Antrim constituency, alongside fellow DUP candidates George Dawson and David Hilditch. This momentum was carried through to the 2005 Westminster Election on 5 May, which saw Wilson defeat Roy Beggs of the Ulster Unionist Party, to become Member of Parliament for East Antrim with 49.6% of the vote.
In his role as DUP education spokesman, Wilson was one of the most vocal critics of Education Minister Caitríona Ruane's plan to abolish academic selection and introduce a comprehensive school system in Northern Ireland.
He resigned from his position as chair of the Education Committee when he took up his role as Minister for the Environment.
Minister for the Environment
His appointment and tenure as Environment Minister were heavily criticised by environmental groups. Wilson believes that man-made climate change is a "myth based on dodgy science" and "an hysterical pseudo-religion." He says that "reasoned debate must replace the scaremongering of the green climate alarmists" and "resources should be used to adapt to the consequences of climate change, rather than King Canute-style vainly trying to stop it". This, along with his opposition to the creation of an independent environmental protection agency and his support for nuclear power, led the Green Party to condemn Wilson's "deeply irresponsible message" and give him the 'Green Wash' award for being the MLA most likely to damage the environment. Wilson's beliefs on climate change have been likened to "a cigarette salesman denying that smoking causes cancer" by John Woods of Friends of the Earth, who added that "Ironically, if we listen to him Northern Ireland will suffer economically as we are left behind by smarter regions who are embracing the low carbon economy of the future".
Wilson came under renewed criticism in February 2009 when he blocked the broadcast of climate change advertisements on television, calling them part of an "insidious propaganda campaign". He also stated "that future ecological messages could only be promoted in Northern Ireland with his permission". New Scientist magazine stated that despite the minister's comments, "the overwhelming majority of scientists do agree that there is a greater than 90% chance that the rate at which we burn fossil fuels is driving climate change".
Minister for Finance and Personnel
In the June 2009 Executive reshuffle, Wilson became Minister of Finance and Personnel. He was praised by First Minister Peter Robinson, who said that Wilson was the "most qualified Finance Minister that Northern Ireland has had in decades".
In August 2009, Wilson was the subject of criticism from the Northern Ireland Council for Ethnic Minorities for saying that "jobs should go to people born in Northern Ireland before going to economic migrants". Following racist attacks on Romanian people in Belfast, Wilson commented that "charges of racism were always coincided with the holding out of the hand for more money". The Northern Ireland Assembly Standards Committee dismissed complaints made against him over these remarks.
Wilson's tenure as Finance Minister coincided with the worst recession in the history of Northern Ireland. He criticised banks in Northern Ireland for not increasing lending to businesses. Wilson was commended for displaying leadership and received cross-party support for stopping bonuses to civil servants during the recession.
Wilson was replaced as Finance Minister in July 2013 by DUP colleague Simon Hamilton, in a planned reshuffle.
|General Election 2015: East Antrim|
|UUP||Roy Beggs Jnr||6,308||18.8||-4.9|
|Sinn Féin||Oliver McMullan||2,314||6.9||+0.1|
|SDLP||Margaret Anne McKillop||1,639||4.9||-1.7|
|NI Conservatives||Alex Wilson||549||1.6||N/A|
|General Election 2010: East Antrim|
|Sinn Féin||Oliver McMullan||2,064||6.8||+1.4|
|General Election 2005: East Antrim|
|Sinn Féin||James McKeown||828||2.6||+0.1|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||David Kerr||147||0.5||+0.5|
|DUP gain from UUP||Swing||11.7%|
|General Election 2001: East Antrim|
|Sinn Féin||Janette Graffan||903||2.5||+0.9|
|NI Conservatives||Alan Greer||807||2.2||-4.6|
|General Election 1992: Strangford|
|NI Conservatives||Stephen Eyre||6,782||15.1||N/A|
|Natural Law||David Shaw||295||0.7||N/A|
- Northern Ireland Assembly Information Office. "Ministers and their Departments, Northern Ireland Assembly". Niassembly.gov.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Northern Ireland Assembly Information Office (1 July 1998). "Northern Ireland Assembly Report Wednesday July 1, 1999". Niassembly.gov.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Owen Bowcott (20 May 2009). "Alzheimer's barbs spark row in Stormont". London: Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Sammy Wilson MP MLA » Biography". Sammywilson.org. 5 May 2005. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Cassidy, John (8 October 2000). "MAYOR SETTLES NAKED ROMP PICTURES ROW; Sammy wins damages over | Sunday Mirror Newspaper". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Wood, Ian S. Crimes of Loyalty: A History of the UDA. Edinburgh University Press, 2006. Pages 184–185.
- "CAIN". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Sectarian attacks: June 2001, Pat Finucane Centre
- "Environment Minister Sammy Wilson : agendaNI Magazine – Informing Northern Ireland's Decision Makers". Agendani.com. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "New environment boss 'sceptical'". BBC News. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Wilson row over green 'alarmists'". BBC News. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Sammy Wilson MP MLA » Issues". Sammywilson.org. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Cranmer: Sammy Wilson agrees with the Pope – on global warming". Archbishop-cranmer.blogspot.com. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Quit call over blocked green ad". BBC News. 9 February 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Henry McDonald, Ireland correspondent (10 February 2009). "Calls for Stormont environment minister to quit over CO2 ad ban". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Stingley, Jeremy (9 February 2009). "The environment minister who is anything but green – Short Sharp Science". New Scientist. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "DUP reshuffle". BBC. 22 June 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Finance Minister Sammy Wilson clashes with group over racism". Belfasttelegraph.co.uk. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "PM condemns Romanian hate attacks". BBC News. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Wilson displays leadership quality on public service bonuses". Irishtimes.com. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "NI enduring 'worst ever' slowdown". BBC News. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Sammy Wilson cleared over jobs for locals complaint". BBC News. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Westminster Candidates, Ulster Unionist Party, 20 March 2010
- "Gerry Lynch Alliance candidate for East Antrim". BBC News. 26 February 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Battle of the Sammys in East Antrim | Traditional Unionist Voice". Tuv.org.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Sammy Wilson|
- Official website of Sammy Wilson MP MLA
- Guardian Unlimited Politics – Ask Aristotle: Sammy Wilson MP
- TheyWorkForYou.com – Sammy Wilson MP
- Maiden Speech : House of Commons – 18 May 2005
|Northern Ireland Assembly|
|MLA for Belfast East
|MLA for East Antrim
2003 – 2015
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for East Antrim
|Lord Mayor of Belfast
John J. D. Gilmore
|Lord Mayor of Belfast
|Minister of the Environment
|Minister of Finance and Personnel