|• Total||56.31 km2 (21.74 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,846 m (6,056 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||14/km2 (36/sq mi)|
|Localities||Compatsch, Laret, Plan, Ravaisch and Samnaun|
|Surrounded by||Ischgl (AT-7), Kappl (AT-7), Ramosch, See (AT-7), Spiss (AT-7), Tschlin|
The valley was first used as a seasonal mountain pasture for the villages of Tschlin and Ramosch. By 1220 the first permanent farm houses are mentioned. These farm houses and fields were given as a gift to the Marienberg Abbey by the counts of Tarasp in the 12th century.
Samnaun has an area, as of 2006[update], of 56.2 km2 (21.7 sq mi). Of this area, 46.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 11.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (41.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Ramosch sub-district, of the Inn district. It is located in a left side valley of the Engadin valley, at an elevation of 1,700–1,840 meters (5,580–6,040 ft). It consists of five village sections; Compatsch, Laret, Plan (Plaun), Ravaisch and Samnaun.
In the 19th century, Samnaun could only be reached by road from Spiss in Austria. Thus Samnaun was excluded from the Swiss customs territory, and retains a privileged 'duty-free' status, albeit not without controversy, in the twenty-first century. The exception was maintained even after a road was built in 1905 linking Samnaun to Martina in the Inn valley.
The Silvretta Arena Samnaun / Ischgl ski area (located 1,400–2,875 m (4,593–9,432 ft) above sea level) has about 238 km (148 mi) of slopes. The ski resort has 44 ski lifts and cable cars as well as the world's first double-decker train with a capacity of 180 people.
Samnaun has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 789. As of 2008[update], 19.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1%.
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Samnaun is; 267 children or 8.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 155 teenagers or 5.1% are 10 to 14, and 281 teenagers or 9.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 460 people or 15.0% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 541 people or 17.6% are 30 to 39, 462 people or 15.1% are 40 to 49, and 385 people or 12.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 209 people or 6.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 189 people or 6.2% are 70 to 79, there are 103 people or 3.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 17 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.
Samnaun has an unemployment rate of 1.01%. As of 2005[update], there were 46 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 52 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 10 businesses in this sector. 743 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 105 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (93.5%), with Portuguese being second most common (1.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (1.6%). Uniquely within Switzerland, the form of German spoken by the residents of Samnaun is a version of the Bavarian dialect. Until the second half of the nineteenth century the population spoke the Low Engadinish dialect of Romansh.
|Languages in Samnaun|
|Language||Census 1980||Census 1990||Census 2000|
- Livigno in Italy, another duty-free area.
- Campione d'Italia, a duty-free area located in an enclave surrounded by Swiss soil, but politically Italian.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- Samnaun in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-Oct-2009
- Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Samnaun Tourism
- History of Samnaun
- Samnaun in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Media related to Samnaun at Wikimedia Commons