Samolus valerandi

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Samolus valerandi
SamolusValerandi2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Samolus
Species:
S. valerandi
Binomial name
Samolus valerandi
Synonyms

Samolus valerandi is a species of water pimpernel native to a very wide area across Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Americas. Common names include seaside brookweed,[3] brookweed,[4] thin-leaf brookweed, water cabbage, and water rose.[5]

Description[edit]

It is a small perennial, growing to around 35 cm (13.8 inches) high. Its inflorescence is a raceme, with small white flowers on long stalks. Its corollas have five lobes. It can produce flowers throughout the growing season, from spring to fall. Its fruits are capsules that are green and globose.[6]

Taxonomy[edit]

Although some floras recognize the North American populations of S. valerandi as a separate species (S. parviflorus) or subspecies (S. valerandi ssp. parviflorus),[7][8] a 2012 investigation based on molecular and morphological data indicated that S. vagans and S. parviflorus should not be regarded as separate species but as part of a widespread "S. valerandi species complex".[9]

Ecological aspects[edit]

This species is found in a variety of wet habitats, including stream banks, tidal marshes, and seeps.[4] It can be found in both degraded and intact natural communities.[10]

Cultivation[edit]

The plant can be grown in ponds, bog gardens, and damp areas in the garden. S. valerandi prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy), and heavy (clay) soils, preferably neutral or basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot tolerate shade and likes a bright, sunny position. It requires moist or wet soil and can even grow in water. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure and is self-fertile. S. valerandi is sometimes grown in aquariums, although they seem to last only a limited time when grown fully submersed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crusio W. E. (1982). "Het geslacht Samolus L.". Communications of the Dutch Waterplant Society (in Dutch). 2: 13–25.
  2. ^ Crusio W. E. (1984). "Notes on the genus Samolus L. (Primulaceae)". Communications of the Dutch Waterplant Society. 6: 13–16.
  3. ^ "Samolus valerandi". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b Alan Weakley (2015). "Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States".
  5. ^ Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5
  6. ^ Yatskievych, George (2013). Flora of Missouri, Volume 3. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. p. 793.
  7. ^ "Samolus". Flora of North America. eFloras.org. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  8. ^ "Samolus parviflorus". www.calflora.org. Calflora. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  9. ^ Jones, K.; Anderberg, A. A.; Ronse De Craene, L. P.; Wanntorp, L. (23 June 2012). "Origin, diversification, and evolution of Samolus valerandi (Samolaceae, Ericales)". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 298 (8): 1523–1531. doi:10.1007/s00606-012-0655-z.
  10. ^ IllinoisWildflowers

External links[edit]