The Samoyedic people (also Samodeic people) are a group of closely related peoples who speak Samoyedic languages, which are part of the Uralic family. They are a linguistic, ethnic, and cultural grouping. The name derives from the obsolete term Samoyed used in Russia for some indigenous people of Siberia.
|People||Group||Language||Numbers||Most important territory||Other traditional territories|
|Nenets||Northern Samoyeds||Nenets||45,000||Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug||Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug|
|Enets||Northern Samoyeds||Enets||200–300||Krasnoyarsk Krai|
|Nganasans||Northern Samoyeds||Nganasan||900–1000||Krasnoyarsk Krai|
|Selkups||Southern Samoyeds||Selkup||3,700||Tomsk Oblast||Krasnoyarsk Krai|
- Yurats, who spoke Yurats (Northern Samoyeds)
- Mators or Motors, who spoke Mator (Southern Samoyeds)
- Kamasins, who spoke Kamassian (Southern Samoyeds) (in the last census, two people identified still as Kamasin under the subgroup "other nationalities".)
The largest of the Samoyedic peoples are the Nenets, who mainly live in two autonomous districts of Russia: Yamalo-Nenetsia and Nenetsia. Some of the Nenets and most of the Enets and Nganasans used to live in the Taymyria autonomous district (formerly known as Dolgano-Nenetsia), but today this area is a territory with special status within Krasnoyarsk Krai. Most of the Selkups live in Yamalo-Nenetsia, but there is also a significant population in Tomsk Oblast.
References and notes
- Some ethnologists use the term 'Samodeic people' instead 'Samoyedic', see Balzer, Marjorie (1999). The Tenacity of Ethnicity. Princeton University Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-691-00673-4.
- [T]he term Samoyedic is sometimes considered derogatory in Balzer, Marjorie (1999). The Tenacity of Ethnicity. Princeton University Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-691-00673-4.
- "Samoyeds" had no derogatory meaning and represents a modification of the expression same-edne in Arctic Institute of North America (1961). Anthropology of the North: Translations from Russian Sources. University of Toronto Press. p. 219.
- Demoskop Weekly No 543-544
- Unesco Red Book on Endangered Languages
- Media related to Samoyedic peoples at Wikimedia Commons