Sampaloc, Manila

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Sampaloc
Aerial view of Sampaloc, Manila
Aerial view of Sampaloc, Manila
Nickname(s): 
Location of Sampaloc
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
CityManila
Congressional District4th District of Manila
Barangays192
Area
 • Total7.90 km2 (3,05 sq mi)
Population
 (2007[1])
 • Total395,111
 • Density32,354.8/km2 (83,799/sq mi)

Sampaloc is a district of Manila, Philippines. It is referred to as the University Belt, for numerous colleges and universities are found within the district such as the University of Santo Tomas, the oldest extant university in Asia; the National University, the first private nonsectarian and coeducational institution in the Philippines; the Far Eastern University, known for its Art Deco campus and cultural heritage site of the Philippines; and the University of the East, once dubbed as the largest university in Asia in terms of enrollment. The district is bordered by the districts of Quiapo and San Miguel in the south, Santa Mesa district in the south and east, Santa Cruz district in the west and north, and Quezon City in the northeast.

Aside from being the "University Belt", Sampaloc is also known to Metro Manila and the surrounding provinces for its Dangwa flower market, located in Dimasalang Road, well known as the selling center for cut flowers from all over the Philippines, mainly Baguio. Sampaloc is also the location of a former colonial mansion, now called Windsor Inn, which is popular among backpackers and budget travelers.

Barangays 395-636 of the City of Manila would all have belonged to Sampaloc and comprise 241 barangays for the district.[1] However, what are now known as barangays 587-636 became part of Sta. Mesa when these areas were separated from Sampaloc after Sta. Mesa became a separate parish in 1911. Sta. Mesa is now a part of the 6th congressional district of Manila, while Sampaloc is the sole district comprising the 4th congressional district of Manila.

Many streets in Sampaloc, particularly in the northeast portion divided by España and Lacson avenues, have names that are directly associated with the Philippine National Hero José Rizal, either named after the places (e.g. Calamba, Dapitan), real-life people (e.g. Blumentritt), characters from his novels (e.g. Ibarra, Maria Clara) or his pen names (e.g. Laong Laan, Dimasalang).

Etymology[edit]

"Sampaloc" or "Sampalok" is the native Tagalog word for the tamarind fruit. The place was likely named after it due to tamarind trees that may have been rampant in the area.

History[edit]

Sampaloc Church

Sampaloc, Manila is the area where American colonial troops and the Filipino revolutionaries fought at the turn of the 20th Century. Filipinos accused Americans of shooting a Filipino soldier, and likewise returned fire. A historical marker which had stood on the San Juan Bridge was ordered moved to Santa Mesa in 2003 after studies by Dr. Benito Legarda concluded that the shot was fired somewhere between Blockhouse 7 (within the city limits of Manila) and Barrio Santol (now a part of Sampaloc) on the connecting road that is now Sosiego Street.[2]

Education[edit]

Education in Sampaloc is handled by the Division of City Schools – Manila.

Transportation[edit]

Lacson Avenue, one of the major thoroughfares in Sampaloc.

Sampaloc is the hub of major national bus transportation carriers. Among the bus companies in Sampaloc with their terminal are: Fariñas Transit Company, GV Florida Transport, Victory Liner, Partas, Maria De Leon, RCJ Trans ,RCJ Lines, Five Star Bus Company ,Northern luzon bus line and Dalin liner and other southern luzon buses.

Sampaloc is served by two Philippine National Railways station: Laong Laan and España station. It is also served by Line 2 Legarda station in San Miguel and Line 1 Blumentritt Station in Santa Cruz.

Main thoroughfares in Sampaloc are S.H. Loyola (formerly Lepanto), Vicente Cruz, M. De La Fuente, P. Florentino, Blumentritt, Aurora Boulevard, Dapitan, Laon Laan, Dimasalang, Maria Clara, Maceda, Padre Campa, Padre Noval, Tomas Earnshaw (Bustillos), Legarda, Gastambide, Recto Avenue, Lerma, Morayta, Lacson Avenue and España Boulevard.

Notable people[edit]

Notable people who hail from Sampaloc include Cristeta Comerford, the executive chef of the White House, and Mayors Arsenio Lacson, the first elected Mayor of Manila.

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