Samra ibn Jundab
After Abu Musa conquered Khuzistan, he appointed Samra over Suk al-Ahwaz.
Samra had a son Sulayman. His descendent Marwan Ibn Jaʿfar b. Saʿd b. Sulayman b. Samra claimed to own Samra's last testament (waṣiʿah) to his sons:
- And hear and obey Allah and His Messenger and His book and the caliphate that is based on God’s command, and the assembly of the Muslims.
- The Messenger of God was commanding us that he prays every night ... and he was commanding us, that we pray anytime we want in the night and the day, but he commanded us to avoid sun-rise and its setting; and said that the Satan sets with it when it sets, and rises with it when it rises.
- And he commanded us that we memorise all the prayers, and testified to us about the middle prayer (Q. 2), and informed us that is the Asr prayer.
This is associated with a tradition from Ibn Sirin, that this epistle held "much religious knowledge". Samra is also credited with many ahadith. But the Sheikhs of the Mu'tazilites and their Imams and the Hanafi ulema generally reject the hadith narrated by Samra ibn Jundab. Moreover Nadwi[disambiguation needed] emphasizes this point:
- Abu'l-ʿAbbas Ahmad b. Jabir al-Baladhuri, KITAB FUTUH AL-BULDAN transl. Francis Clark Murgotten (1924)
- Abu Sulaymân Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allâh b. Aḥmad al-Rabaʿî (d. 379 / 989), Waṣâyâ al-ʿUlamâ’ (Beirut: Dâr Ibn Kathîr, 1985), v.1, 88-9, from Ibn al-Aʿrâbî from ʿAbd Allâh b. Ayyûb al-Mukharrimî. Ibn al-Aʿrâbî had quoted from it in his Muʿjam (al-Dammâm: Dâr Ibn al-Jawzî, 1997), v.4, 424, #1913. Ibn Saʿd refers to Marwan's waṣiʿah in al-Ṭabaqât al-Kubra (Beirut: Dâr Ṣâdr, 1968) v.6, 417.
- Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, ed. `Ali Muhammad al-Bijawi, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab (Cairo: Maktabah Nahdah, 1960), v.1, 197; perhaps quoted in Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib (Mu'assasat al-Risala, 1995), v.2, 116