From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Poster designed by Gayathri Ashokan
Directed byJomon
Screenplay byShibu Chakravarthy
Story byJacob Jomon K.J
Produced byD. Ajmal Hassan
Captain Raju
CinematographyJayanan Vincent
Edited byK. P. Hariharaputhran
Music byIlaiyaraaja
Arifa Productions
Distributed byShyni Films Release
Release date
22 June 1990 (Kerala)
Running time
122 minutes

Samrajyam (transl. Empire) is a 1990 Indian Malayalam-language gangster film directed by Jomon.[1] The film stars Mammootty as Alexander, a powerful underworld don. The film narrates the story of his rise and fall. The film features Madhu, Captain Raju, Ashokan, Vijayaraghavan and Srividya in supporting roles. The film features original music composed by Ilaiyaraaja, while the cinematography was handled by Jaynan Vincent.[2] The film was a major commercial success and ran for more than 200 days in Kerala.[3] The film found greater success in Andhra Pradesh. The film brought by distributor for about 10 prints went on to play in 400 prints due to the huge demand in theatres.[4] This movie sequel of 2015 movie Samrajyam II: Son of Alexander


Alexander, a powerful mafia leader, faces several trials and tribulations while trying to juggle his estranged relationship with his policeman father Balakrishnan and rule the underworld.



Speaking on an interview with Mathrubhumi in 2020, on how he developed the story for Samrajyam, Jomon said he had always wanted make a film on organized crime and mafia, based on real-life incidents. He had always been fasicinated in it from his childhood. He began working as an associate director to I. V. Sasi in the late 1980s. He was the sixth assistant director to Sasi in 1921 (1988). During shooting breaks, he narrated a thread he had in mind to Mammootty. Impressed, Mammootty asked him to develop it into a story. He then devoleped a story which he narrated to Mammootty and Joshiy on the sets of Mahayanam (1989). Joshiy felt the story was "interesting" and asked him to develop a script. In an interview he said: After that I started screenwriting while staying at the lodge in Madras. A month later, when Mammooka arrived at the Woodlands Hotel in Madras, I went and met him with the written script. After reading it in one sitting, Mammootty said, “It lacks an experienced screenwriter. Let me introduce someone. Let him write the script."



The film received highly positive reviews from critics and was praised for its direction and effects.[5]

Box office[edit]

The film was a major commercial success at the Kerala and Andhra Pradesh box office.[6][7][8][1] The film ran over 200 days in Kerala and 100 days in Andhra Pradesh box office. The film remains to be the longest running Malayalam film in Andhra Pradesh, It ran for more than 100 days in multiple centers in AP .[9]


Samrajyam II: Son of Alexander starring Unni Mukundan in the lead was released in 2015. The movie was the debut Malayalam venture of Tamil director Perarasu. Twenty five years from the original, this sequel tells the story of Alexander's son.[2]


  1. ^ a b Prasad, Ayyappa (20 November 1992). "Malayalam films cross boundaries". Indian Express. Madras. p. 7. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b 'Samrajyam 2' to be directed by Perarasu – South Cinema – Malayalam News. Ibnlive
  3. ^ "10 Mollywood films that ran for the longest time". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  4. ^ കുമാർ, എഴുത്ത്-ബൈജു പി സെൻ, ചിത്രങ്ങൾ- വി പി പ്രവീൺ. "തീയില്‍ മുളച്ച അലക്‌സാണ്ടര്‍.... സാമ്രാജ്യം പിറന്ന കഥ പങ്കുവെച്ച് സംവിധായകന്‍". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 29 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Krishnaswamy, N. (17 August 1990). "Samrajyam". The Indian Express. p. 7. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  6. ^ Neelima Menon (7 February 2019). "Mammootty's pan-Indian appeal proves he's a bonafide star regardless of how Yatra performs". Firstpost.
  7. ^ "സാമ്രാജ്യം കണ്ട് ബച്ചന്‍ ബോളിവുഡിലേക്ക് ക്ഷണിച്ചു, പിന്നീട് സംഭവിച്ചത്; ജോമോന്‍ പറയുന്നു". Mathrubhumi. 4 March 2019.
  8. ^ "വാപ്പയെ പോലെ തന്നെ! 'കുറുപ്പി'നെ 'അലക്സാണ്ടറി'നോടുപമിച്ച് സോഷ്യൽമീഡിയ". The Times of India. 4 January 2020.
  9. ^ "10 Mollywood films that ran for the longest time". The Times of India. 31 May 2016.

External links[edit]