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|• Mostly Spoken||Bengali|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Uluberia|
Samta (pronounced [ʃaːmtaː]) is a village and a gram panchayat in the Howrah district of West Bengal, India, on the banks of the Rupnarayan river. Samta is noted for being the home of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (namely, Sarat Chandra Kuthi) for twelve years, starting from the year 1923. The terracotta temple of Madangopal Jiu is located in the neighbouring village of Mellock. The village is connected to state capital, Kolkata via the National Highway 6, which also connects it to Bagnan and Kolaghat. Samta has few educational facilities such as the Samta Sarat Chandra Girls High School among others.
During the British Raj, Samta was the power-hold of local Roy zamindars, subordinate to the Bardhaman Raj Estate, which was in turn subordinate to the British empire. Following Indian independence, the village was taken over from the British Raj by the Government of India.
Festivals such as Dol purnima, Durga puja, Shivaratri, Shitala puja, Itu puja, and Janmashtami among others are celebrated in the village. Gajans are also held during festivals. The Madangopal Jiu temple, built in the 17th-century, is situated in the adjacent village of Mellock, south of Samta. It is locally known as Gopaler Mondir (literally, the temple of Gopala). It was commissioned by Mukundaprasad Roychowdhury, a member of Mellock's Roychowdhury zamindars.
Samta was home to Bengali novelist, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, for twelve years, until he moved to Kolkata. His house in Samta, constructed in 1923 by local worker Gopal Das, is known as Sarat Chandra Kuthi (also known as, Sarat Smriti Mandir). He had fenced his house and the adjacent area and renamed it as Samtaber. His novels such as Devdas were serialised during his stay in Samta, while he wrote stories such as Ramesh and Ramer Sumati among other during the years he lived in the village. Sarat Chandra Kuthi is a heritage-historical Site under the West Bengal Heritage Commission Act (IX) of 2001). In 2009, the whole house underwent renovation. An annual fair, called Sarat Mela, is held in late January in the neighbouring village of Panitras, north of Samta, in remembrance of the novelist.
Samta is located on the plains of the Rupnarayan river, situated about a kilometre (0.62 miles) away from its banks.
There are few schools in Samta such as Samta Sarat Chandra Girls High School (established by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, in 1924) and Samta Primary School.
The village is connected to National Highway 6, also known as the Bombay Road, through a narrow road known as the Sarat Road. The highway links it to cities such as Kolkata, the state capital, and also Bagnan and Kolaghat, where the Kolaghat Thermal Power Plant is situated. There is also a barrage, a kind of breakwater, created to protect the village from floods. The barrage, village roads, and the Sarat Road together links Samta to its nearby villages such as Mellock, Panitras, Birampur, and others. The Sarat Road further extends to Kalyanpur and Hooghly in the north, from the point it touches Samta.
Local transports exists in the form of rickshaws, rickshaw-vans and trekker (a kind of jeep). The nearest railway station is the Deulti railway station across the highway, which is connected to the Howrah Junction railway station.
Ixora flowers in a house's garden
- "ঘুরে আসুন রূপনারায়ণের ধারের দেউলটি" [Visit Deulti on the banks of Runarayan]. Ebela. 26 September 2016. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Sil, Narasingha Prosad (2012). "6". The Life of Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay: Drifter and Dreamer. Lexington Books. pp. 54–55.
- Basu, Anjana (11 December 2015). "For the love of picnics". The Hindu Business Online. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Sumi, Afsana (28 November 2017). "শরৎপ্রেমীরা ঘুরে আসুন শরৎচন্দ্র কুঠি থেকে" [Lovers of Sarat come visit Sarat Chandra Kuthi]. Priyo. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- "West Bengal Heritage Commission Act 2001 (Act IX of 2001)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Plants". The West Bengal Power Development Corpn. Ltd. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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