The train station in Samtredia
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|Time zone||Georgian Time (UTC+4)|
Samtredia (Georgian: სამტრედია [sɑmtʼrɛdiɑ]) is a town in Imereti, Georgia, lying in a lowland between the rivers Rioni and Tskhenis-Tsqali, 244 km (152 mi) west of the capital Tbilisi, and 27 km (17 mi) west of Georgia's second largest city Kutaisi. Georgia’s most important roads and railways converge there, making Samtredia the country’s vital transport hub. The Kopitnari Airport is also located in 10 km (6 mi) from Samtredia. The town's population is 29,694 as of the 2002 all-Georgia census. The climate is humid subtropical, with mild and warm winters and hot summers.
Samtredia evolved from a crucial railway junction in the 1870s and acquired town status in 1921. Under Soviet rule, the local economy diversified from transportation to food and wood production. Due to its strategic location, Samtredia played a prominent role in the civil unrest early in the 1990s when anti-Soviet opposition groups blocked the Samtredia junction from July 26 to 31 1990 in order to force the Soviet Georgian leadership to adopt a liberal election code. The junction was again blocked in March–April 1991, this time by the new government of Zviad Gamsakhurdia, in an attempt to exert pressure on the central Soviet authorities. This blockade, however, inflicted heavy damage not only to the economy of Georgia but to the neighbouring Armenia, which was largely dependent on Georgia’s railways. In 1993, Samtredia became one of the major battlegrounds in the Georgian Civil War in which the forces loyal to the ousted President Gamsakhurdia confronted the post-coup government troops, and briefly controlled the town from October 17 to October 23, 1993, putting all communications to Tbilisi under threat. Although Samtredia has been stable ever since, the post-Soviet crisis resulted in a significant economic decline that have since only been partially reversed.
- Kakha Kaladze – Former defender of Dynamo Kyiv, A.C. Milan and Georgia national football team ex-captain.
- Andrea Razmadze - Mathematician, co-founder of Tbilisi State University.
- Samtredia Municipality.[permanent dead link] Imereti regional administration. Accessed on May 1, 2008.
- Jonathan Wheatley (2005), Georgia from National Awakening to Rose Revolution: Delayed Transition in the Former Soviet Union, p. 52. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., ISBN 0-7546-4503-7.
- Cornell, Svante (2001), Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus, p. 173. Routledge, ISBN 0-7007-1162-7.