Samuel's Fortress, Ohrid
|Ohrid, North Macedonia|
|Built||4th century B.C.|
|Built by||Phillip II of Macedon|
Samuel's Fortress (Macedonian: Самуилова тврдина, Bulgarian: Самуилова крепост) is a fortress in the old town of Ohrid, North Macedonia. It was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire during the rule of Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria at the turn of the 11th century. Today, this historical monument is a major tourist attraction and was heavily restored in 2003 with the addition of entirely new battlements where none had survived.
According to recent excavations by Macedonian archaeologists, it was contended that this fortress was built on the place of an earlier fortification, dated to the 4th century BC, which was probably built by King Philip II of Macedon.
Recycled stones dating from antiquity used in the construction of the upper gate. One of the stones has a fragment of an ancient Greek inscription
- Macedonian Folk Customs by Mercia MacDermott, 1998, ISBN 1-85302-485-6, page 26: "... one of these brothers, Samuil, proclaimed himself Tsar, with his capital at Ohrid.
- "Culture — Republic of Macedonia". www.culture.in.mk. Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2008-10-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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