Samuel Benjamin Auchmuty

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Sir Samuel Benjamin Auchmuty GCB (28 April 1780 – 30 April 1868)[1] was an Anglo-Irish soldier.

He was the second son of Samuel Auchmuty and his wife Elizabeth, only daughter of Francis Savage.[2] Auchmuty entered the British Army as ensign in 1797 and served first in the French Revolutionary Wars and subsequently in the Napoleonic Wars.[2] He was lieutenant of the 68th Regiment of Foot in 1800 and was promoted to captain in 1805.[3] A year later Auchmuty was transferred to the 70th Regiment of Foot and in 1807 to the 7th Regiment of Foot.[3] In 1810, he was appointed deputy assistant adjutant-general and attached to the 6th Infantry Division.[3] He became Aide-de-camp to Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole in July 1813 and was promoted to major in October of the same year.[3] Auchmuty fought in the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 and in the Battle of Toulouse in April, for which he received the Army Gold Medal and was made a brevet lieutenant-colonel.[3]

Auchmuty became colonel in 1831 and major-general 1841.[4] He was transferred to the general staff in India in 1848,[5] became colonel of the 65th Regiment of Foot in February 1851[6] was promoted to lieutenant-general in November.[7] In 1855, Auchmuty was appointed colonel of his old regiment, the 7th foot,[8] and following the death of Sir Robert John Harvey was promoted finally to general in 1860.[9] He was awarded a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1857[10] and a Knight Grand Cross in 1861.[11]

In 1817, he married Mary Anne Buchanan.[1] Auchmuty died, aged 88 at Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sylvanus, Urban (1868). The Gentleman's Magazine. part I. London: Bradbury, Evans & Co. pp. 788–789. 
  2. ^ a b Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 97–97. 
  3. ^ a b c d e John Philippart, ed. (1820). The Royal Military Calendar or Army Service and Commission Book. vol. V (3rd ed.). London: A. J. Valpy. pp. 25–26. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20044. p. 3099. 24 November 1841. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  5. ^ Hart, H. G. (1855). John Bernhard Burke, ed. The New Army List and Militia List. London: John Murray. p. 117. 
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21179. p. 299. 7 February 1851. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21262. p. 2965. 11 November 1851. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21676. p. 1054. 13 March 1855. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22400. p. 2497. 3 July 1860. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21955. p. 12. 2 January 1857. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22524. p. 2689. 28 June 1861. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
Military offices
Preceded by
Thomas Grosvenor
Colonel of the 65th (2nd Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot
1851 – 1855
Succeeded by
Henry Balneavis
Preceded by
Sir George Brown
Colonel of the 7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot
1855 – 1868
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Airey