Samuel Chandler

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Samuel Chandler (1693 – 8 May 1766) was a British Nonconformist minister, dissenter and polemicist pamphleteer. He energetically engaged with the religious disputes and published many sermons, pamphlets and letters. He translated and expanded the Historia Inquisitionis, of Philipp van Limborch, from Latin into English.

Life[edit]

Samuel Chandler was born at Hungerford in Berkshire, where his father was a minister. He went to school in Gloucester with his lifelong friends Bishop Butler and Archbishop Secker, and continued his studies at Leiden. In recognition of his talents and aptitude for learning he was elected fellow of the Royal and Antiquarian Societies, and was made DD of Edinburgh and Glasgow. He refused offers of high preferment in the Church of England choosing instead to remain a Presbyterian minister to the end of his life. His outlook could be described as moderately Calvinist with Arianist leanings.

Chandler played a leading role in the heated deist controversies of his time, and discussed the possibility of an 'Act of Comprehension' with bishops. From 1716 to 1726 he preached at Peckham, and was pastor of the Old Jewry meeting-house for forty years. When he became a victim of the South Sea Bubble financial crash of 1720 and found himself in debt, he ran a book-shop[1] called "The Bible and Crown" in the Poultry, in London for a few years.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in December, 1754.[2] Samuel Chandler was buried in Bunhill Fields cemetery.

Works[edit]

  • The History of the Inquisition (1731); English translation of Philippus van Limborch's Historia Inquisitionis (1692). Chandler wrote a substantial introduction to Van Limborch's original four volume Latin preface to the Liber Sententiarum Inquisitionis Tolosanae (1308–1323), and published his translation in two Volumes.[3]

Sermons & Pamphlets[edit]

  • A vindication of the Christian religion: In two parts. A discourse of the nature and use of miracles. An answer to a late book entitled, A discourse of the grounds and reasons of the Christian religion (1725)[4]
  • A Second Letter to the Revd. Mr. John Guyse, (John Gray, 1730)
  • An Answer to the Brief Remarks of William Berriman, D.D.: ... on Mr. Chandler's Introduction to the History of the Inquisition. In a Letter to the Said Doctor.(John Gray, 1733)
  • A Second Letter to William Berriman, D.D. (John Gray, 1733)
  • The Notes of the Church Considered: In a Sermon ... Preached at Salters-Hall, January 16, 1734-5 (T. Cox; R. Ford; R. Hett; and J. Gray, 1735)
  • Benevolence and Integrity Essentials of Christianity. A Sermon Preach'd at the Old Jury, March 3, 1735-6. To the Society for Relief of the Widows and Children of Dissenting Ministers (1736)
  • A vindication of the right honourable the lord-mayor. (sir J. Barnard). In answer to a letter address'd to his lordship, on occasion of his lordship's nomination of five dissenters ... to serve the office of sheriff of London. By a citizen (1738)
  • The Church of England Vindicated in Requiring Subscription from the Clergy, to the XXXIX Articles of Religion. In Answer to the Objections and Calumnies of a Late Writer [i.e. to a Series of Papers in “The Old Whig”, Probably by Samuel Chandler. (By Joseph Clarke) (W. Innys & R. Manby, 1739)
  • The Witnesses of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ Re-examined: And Their Testimony Proved Entirely Consistent (Noon & Hett, 1744)
  • The Danger and Duty of Good Men, Under the Present Unnatural Invasion: A Sermon Preach'd at the Old-Jewry, September 29th, 1745 (Noon, 1745)
  • Great-Britain's Memorial Against the Pretender and Popery (1745)[5]
  • Plain Reasons for being a Christian, Part 4 (George Knox, 1759)
  • The Signs of the Times. A Sermon Preached at the Old-Jury, Feb. 16, 1759; The Day Appointed for a Publick-fast (Noon & Millar, 1759)
  • The Character of a Great and Good King Full of Days, Riches, and Honour. a Sermon Preached on Occasion of the Death of His Late Majesty King George II of Glorious and Blessed Memory, in the Old Jury... (1760)
  • A Review of The History of the Man After God's Own Heart (1762): A response to anonymous (John Noorthouck?) (1761)[6]
  • A Critical History of the Life of David (1762)[7]
  • Critical History of the Life of David: In which the Principal Events are Ranged in Order of Time; the Chief Objections of Mr. Bayle, and Others, Against the Character of this Prince, and the Scripture Account of Him, and the Occurrances of His Reign, are Examined and Refuted; Vol.1 (1766), Vol.2 (1766)
  • Four volumes of sermons (1768)[8][9][10][11]
  • Paraphrase of the Epistles to the Galatians and Ephesians (1777)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine, Or, Monthly Intelligencer, Vol.2, p.638 (1732)
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 22 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ The History of the Inquisition, Volumes 1-2 By Philippus van Limborch
  4. ^ A Vindication of the Christian Religion, 1725
  5. ^ Great-Britain's Memorial Against the Pretender and Popery (1745)
  6. ^ History & Antiquities of Dissenting Churches, p.375
  7. ^ A Critical History of the Life of David (1762)
  8. ^ Sermons on the following Subjects..vol.1
  9. ^ (ibid. vol.2)
  10. ^ (ibid. vol.3)
  11. ^ (ibid. vol.4)
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chandler, Samuel" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 838.