Samuel Garman

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Samuel Garman
Garman Samuel 1843-1927.png
Born (1843-06-05)June 5, 1843
Indiana County, Pennsylvania, United States
Died September 30, 1927(1927-09-30) (aged 84)[1]
Citizenship American
Scientific career
Fields Zoology

Samuel Walton Garman (June 5, 1843 – September 30, 1927), or "Garmann" as he sometimes styled himself,[2] was a naturalist/zoologist from Pennsylvania. He became noted as an ichthyologist and herpetologist.[2]


Garman was born in Indiana County, Pennsylvania, on 5 June 1843. In 1868 he joined an expedition to the American West with John Wesley Powell. He graduated from the Illinois State Normal University in 1870, and for the following year was principal of the Mississippi State Normal School. In 1871, he became professor of natural sciences in Ferry Hall Seminary, Lake Forest, Illinois, and a year later became a special pupil of Louis Agassiz.[3] He was a friend and regular correspondent of the naturalist Edward Drinker Cope, and in 1872 accompanied him on a fossil hunting trip to Wyoming. In 1873 he became assistant director of herpetology and ichthyology at Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology. His work was mostly in the classification of fish, especially sharks, but also included reptiles and amphibians. Harvard College awarded him honorary degrees for his scientific work, B.S. in 1898 and A.M. in 1899.[2]


While working at Harvard, he lived in Arlington Heights, Massachusetts. In 1895, he married Florence Armstrong of St. John, New Brunswick. They had a daughter.[1]


Garman is commemorated in the scientific name of a species of Jamaican lizard, Anolis garmani.[4]

Publications (selected)[edit]


  1. ^ a b Clark, Hubert Lyman (1931). "Garman, Samuel". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  2. ^ a b c Adler, Kraig (1989). Contributions to the History of Herpetology. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-916984-19-9. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Garman, Samuel". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Garman", p. 98).

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