Samuel H. Gruber

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Dr. Samuel H. Gruber is a shark biologist and founder of the American Elasmobranch Society. He is currently a Professor at the University of Miami's Rosential School for Marine and Atmospheric Science and the founder of the Bimini Biological Field Station Foundation.[1]


Originally from Brooklyn, NY, he moved to South Florida and received his BA in zoology from the University of Miami and an MS and Ph.D. in Marine Science.


Dr. Gruber is a recognized authority on shark science,[2] having completed 49 Atlantic research cruises and 170 scientific publications. He has specialized in shark behavior, anatomy, sensory systems, tracking,[citation needed] and shark repellents.[3][4] Gruber is perhaps best known for his studies on habitat selection and homing behavior of lemon sharks and eagle rays around the Bimini Shark Lab.[5]


In 1983 Samuel Gruber founded the American Elasmobranch Society (AES)[1].[6] The AES is the world's largest association of shark and ray scientists.[2]. Gruber established the now world-famous "Shark Lab" in 1990, after successfully battling malignant lymphoma.[7] The next year he helped found and served as the first chair of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group.[8]

Media appearances[edit]

In August 2008 Gruber appeared on the History Channel's documentary series, Evolve episode 4, entitled "Sex". Gruber has also made several appearances on television programs for Discovery Channel's Shark Week, including an appearance in Sharkman, in which Michael Rutzen attempts to learn how to hypnotize sharks, and in the show 10 Deadliest Sharks, where he describes the behavior of lemon sharks. He also made an appearance in 2008 on the Discovery Channel MythBusters also during Shark week.[3]


  1. ^ Bimini Biological Field Station Foundation
  2. ^ Researchers tout shark repellent, 2004 Associated Press
  3. ^ Zlotkin, Eliahu; Gruber, Samuel H. (1984). "Synthetic surfactants: A new approach to the development of shark repellents". Archives of Toxicology. 56 (1): 55–58. doi:10.1007/BF00316354. 
  4. ^ Tachibana, Kazuo; Gruber, Samuel H. (1988). "Shark repellent lipophilic constituents in the defense secretion of the Moses sole (Pardachirus marmoratus)". Toxicon. 26 (9): 839–853. doi:10.1016/0041-0101(88)90325-x. PMID 3201487. 
  5. ^ Wetherbee, BM; Gruber, SH; Rosa, RS (7 August 2007). "Movement patterns of juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris within Atol das Rocas, Brazil: a nursery characterized by tidal extremes". Marine Ecology Progress Series. 343: 283–293. doi:10.3354/meps06920. 
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