Samuel Henry Baker

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Samuel Henry Baker (1824–1909) was an English landscape artist. He was a member of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists (RBSA) and the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers (RE). He painted rural landscape scenes in watercolour.

Samuel Henry Baker was born in Birmingham, the son of Thomas Baker who was a manager at Matthew Boulton’s Soho Works.[1] He was apprenticed to James Chaplin, a magic-lantern slide painter and trained at Birmingham School of Design. He also took lessons from the landscape painter, Joseph Paul Pettitt who had been a pupil of Joseph Vincent Barber.[1] It was possibly through Pettit that Baker inherited the distinctive drawing style of the Birmingham School with its clear outlines and bold cross hatching.[2] He exhibited over five hundred paintings at the RBSA from 1848–1909 and was elected a member in 1868.[3]

His older son Oliver (1856–1939) was also an artist and a designer of note,[4] while his younger son Harold (1860-1942) was a noted photographer.[5]


  1. ^ a b Flynn, Brendan (2014). A Place for Art: The Story of the RBSA. The Royal Birmingham Society of Artists. ISBN 978-0-9930294-0-0. 
  2. ^ Wildman, Stephen (1990). The Birmingham School. Birmingham: Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. p. 46. 
  3. ^ Morris, Sidney; Morris, Kathleen (1974). A Catalogue of Birmingham & West Midlands Painters of the Nineteenth Century. Stratford-upon-Avon. 
  4. ^ Oliver Baker (Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery)
  5. ^ Harold Baker Collection - Library of Birmingham

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