Samuel Oschin (1914–2003), born in Detroit, was a Los Angeles entrepreneur and philanthropist who was dedicated to giving back to the Los Angeles community. Oschin's successful business ventures in manufacturing, banking, investment, and real estate development enabled philanthropic work in many areas (astronomy, medicine, education, and the arts). In 1981, he founded the Mr and Mrs Samuel Oschin Family Foundation.
After a generous donation to Palomar Observatory, the 48-inch Schmidt telescope there was renamed for him. Other organisations named for him include the Comprehensive Cancer Institute at Cedars-Sinai Hospital and the planetarium at Griffith Observatory. A new addition to the California Science Center, to be called the Samuel Oschin Air and Space Center, will be the permanent home of the Space Shuttle Endeavour, which is on temporary display in the Samuel Oschin Space Shuttle Endeavour Display Pavilion, which opened on October 30, 2012.
Oschin was a noted adventure traveler. He retraced Robert Peary's voyage to the North Pole, paddled up the Amazon in a dugout canoe, and crossed the Alps on an elephant following the model of Hannibal.
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