|26th Governor of Delaware|
January 20, 1824 – January 16, 1827
|Preceded by||Charles Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Charles Polk, Jr.|
|Member of the Delaware Senate|
January 3, 1807 – January 6, 1813
January 7, 1823 – January 6, 1824
|Member of the Delaware House of Representatives|
January 3, 1797 – January 6, 1801
August 24, 1768|
Sussex County, Delaware
|Died||October 2, 1845
Samuel Paynter (August 24, 1768 – October 2, 1845) was an American merchant and politician from Drawbridge, in Broadkill Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware.
Early life and family
Paynter was born at Drawbridge in Broadkill Hundred, Sussex County, Delaware, son of Samuel and Meritta Hazzard Paynter. His ancestor, Richard Paynter came to Lewes, Delaware before 1700, and his grandfather, Samuel Paynter, bought land in Broadkill Hundred in 1732. Samuel, our subject, married Elizabeth Rowland in 1796 and they had six children, Mary, Elizabeth, Sally, Samuel Rowland, John Parker, and Alfred Shockley. They were members of St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Lewes.
Professional and political career
Drawbridge, as its name suggests, was the point at which land traffic crossed the Broadkill River, about halfway from Milton to the Delaware Bay. It is where State Route 1 crosses the Broadkill River today. Paynter's father, another Samuel, established a general store there. The business was quite successful, and made the family wealthy enough for Samuel Jr. to be a director of the Farmer's Bank at Georgetown for 25 years.
Paynter was a member of the Federalist Party like the majority in Sussex County. While elsewhere the Federalists were declining as an effective political force, in lower Delaware they organized themselves well, and were far more acceptable to the agrarian, Anglican and Methodist establishment, than the Irish Presbyterians who dominated the majority Democratic-Republican Party in very different New Castle County. Statewide elections were competitive, but the three counties were similar in population, and so the Federalists almost always won, both in the General Assembly and governorship.
Paynter was, therefore, in the majority in his long years of experience in the Delaware General Assembly. Elected first in 1796, he served in the State House for four sessions from 1797 through 1800. He was then elected to the State Senate in 1806 and served in seven sessions from 1807 through 1813. Finally, he served in the State Senate again in the 1823 session. Defeating his neighbor from Milton, David Hazzard, the Democratic-Republican candidate, Paynter was elected Governor of Delaware in 1823 and served from January 20, 1824 until January 16, 1827. During his tenure as Governor construction finally began on the new Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. After his term ended he returned to his home and mercantile business at Drawbridge.
|Delaware General Assembly
(sessions while Governor)
|Year||Assembly||Senate Majority||Speaker||House Majority||Speaker|
|1824||48th||Federalist||Jesse Green||Federalist||Joshua Burton|
|1825||49th||Federalist||Jesse Green||Federalist||Joshua Burton|
|1826||50th||Federalist||Charles Polk, Jr.||Federalist||Arnold S. Naudain|
Death and legacy
Paynter died at Drawbridge in Broadkill Hundred, Sussex County, and is buried in the St. Peter's Episcopal Churchyard at Lewes. His son, Samuel R. Paynter, also served in the Delaware General Assembly.
Elections were held the first Tuesday of October. Members of the Delaware General Assembly took office the first Tuesday of January. State Senators had a three-year term and State Representatives had a one-year term. The Governor takes office the third Tuesday of January and had a three-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||notes|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||January 3, 1797||January 2, 1798|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||January 2, 1798||January 1, 1799|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||January 1, 1799||January 7, 1800|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||January 7, 1800||January 6, 1801|
|State Senator||Legislature||Dover||January 6, 1807||January 2, 1810|
|State Senator||Legislature||Dover||January 2, 1810||January 5, 1813|
|State Treasurer||Executive||Dover||January 2, 1817||January 5, 1818|
|Associate Justice||Judiciary||Dover||February 14, 1818||October 6, 1820||State Supreme Court|
|State Senator||Legislature||Dover||January 7, 1823||January 6, 1824|
|Governor||Executive||Dover||January 20, 1824||January 16, 1827|
|Delaware General Assembly service|
|1797||21st||State House||Federalist||Gunning Bedford, Sr.||Sussex at-large|
|1798||22nd||State House||Federalist||Daniel Rogers||Sussex at-large|
|1799||23rd||State House||Federalist||Richard Bassett||Sussex at-large|
|1800||24th||State House||Federalist||Richard Bassett||Sussex at-large|
|1807||31st||State Senate||Federalist||Nathaniel Mitchell||Sussex at-large|
|1808||32nd||State Senate||Federalist||George Truitt||Sussex at-large|
|1809||33rd||State Senate||Federalist||George Truitt||Sussex at-large|
|1810||34th||State Senate||Federalist||George Truitt||Sussex at-large|
|1811||35th||State Senate||Federalist||Joseph Haslet||Sussex at-large|
|1812||36th||State Senate||Federalist||Joseph Haslet||Sussex at-large|
|1823||47th||State Senate||Federalist||Joseph Haslet||Sussex at-large|
|1823||Governor||Samuel Paynter||Federalist||4,348||52%||David Hazzard||Democratic-Republican||4,051||48%|
- Conrad, Henry C. (1908). History of the State of Delaware. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Wickersham Company.
- Martin, Roger A. (1984). A History of Delaware Through its Governors. Wilmington, Delaware: McClafferty Press.
- Martin, Roger A. (1995). Memoirs of the Senate. Newark, Delaware: Roger A. Martin.
- Scharf, John Thomas (1888). History of Delaware 1609-1888. 2 vols. Philadelphia: L. J. Richards & Co. ISBN 0-87413-493-5.
- Hall of Governors Portrait Gallery Portrait courtesy of Historical and Cultural Affairs, Dover.
- Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States
- Delaware’s Governors
- Samuel Paynter at Find a Grave
- The Political Graveyard
|Governor of Delaware
Charles Polk, Jr.