Samuel R. Caldwell

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Samuel R. Caldwell
A photo of Caldwell after his arrest
Born Feb 11, 1880
Died June 24, 1941
Occupation Farmer
Criminal penalty Fined $1,000 and 4 years hard labor
Conviction(s) Selling Marijuana

Samuel R. Caldwell (February 11, 1880 – June 24, 1941) was the first person convicted of selling marijuana under the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, according to federal files.


He was born on February 11, 1880. He was arrested on October 2, 1937, one day after the Marijuana Tax Act went into effect. He was released from prison in 1940. Caldwell died on June 24, 1941.[1]


  1. ^ "The First Pot POW". Retrieved 2011-03-18. On the day the Marijuana Tax Stamp Act was enacted -- Oct. 2, 1937 -- the FBI and Denver, Colo., police raided the Lexington Hotel and arrested Samuel R. Caldwell, 58, an unemployed labourer and Moses Baca, 26. On Oct. 5, Caldwell went into the history trivia books as the first marijuana seller convicted under U.S. federal law. His customer, Baca, was found guilty of possession.