Samuel R. Scottron
Samuel Raymond Scottron (February 1841 – October 14, 1908) was a prominent African-American inventor from Brooklyn, N.Y. who began his career as a barber. He was born in Philadelphia in 1841. He received his engineering degree from Cooper Union in 1878.
He was a community leader in New York, setting up organizations to promote racial harmony and fairness, as well as a public speaker and writer on race relations. He was a member of the Brooklyn board of education, and a leader in the Republican Party. He fought for the end of slavery in Cuba and Puerto Rico.
He invented a special mirror bracket that allowed you to see yourself as others see you. He went on to receive four more patents.
Here are his inventions and patent numbers.
- U.S. Patent 76,253 Improved Mirror, March 31, 1868
- U.S. Patent 224,732 Adjustable Window Cornice, February 17, 1880
- U.S. Patent 270,851 Cornice, January 16, 1883
- U.S. Patent 349,525 Pole Tip, September 21, 1886
- U.S. Patent 481,720 Curtain Rod, August 30, 1892
- U.S. Patent 505,008 Supporting Bracket, September 12, 1893
Career and family
Samuel Scottron moved with his family to New York City when he was a child, where he completed grammar school. During the American Civil War, he was the sutler for the 3rd United States Colored Infantry and almost went bankrupt. To recoup his fortunes, he first operated grocery stores in Fernandina and Jacksonville, Florida, and then a barber shop in Springfield, Massachusetts. It was there that he developed and patented his first invention, the adjustable window cornice. Moving to Brooklyn, New York, he worked as a traveling salesman for an import-export business located in lower Manhattan while continuing to patent his inventions and, by the late 1880s, was able to support himself and his family by manufacturing the products derived from his patents. His company, the Scottron Manufacturing Company, was located at 98 Monroe Street in Brooklyn. He helped in multiple ways towards society (slavery and inventions).
Samuel Scottron married Anna Maria Willett, a native New Yorker, in 1863; they would have five children.
- Ohio History Connection: African Americans in Ohio
- United States Patent and Trademark Office
- Brooklyn Public Library: The Brooklyn Daily Eagle
- Carney Smith, Jessie (2007). "Samuel R. Scottron, 1843–1905, Inventor, entrepreneur". Notable Black American Men. encyclopedia.com. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Ancestry.com. New York, New York, Extracted Death Index, 1862–1948 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- Scottron, Samuel R.(1843–1905) - Inventor, entrepreneur, Inventions, Chronology
- 1880 Federal Census for Kings County (New York) Enumeration District 20, Sheet 2, Lines 21–30 (1061 Lafayette Street, Brooklyn, New York)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)