Samuel's Fortress, Ohrid

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For other places of the same name, see Samuel's Fortress (disambiguation)
Samuil's Fortress
Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia
Fortaleza de Samuel, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 53.JPG
The fortress of Tsar Samuel
Samuil's Fortress is located in Republic of Macedonia
Samuil's Fortress
Samuil's Fortress
Coordinates 41°06′54″N 20°47′28″E / 41.115°N 20.791°E / 41.115; 20.791
Type Castle
Site information
Controlled by Samuel of Bulgaria
Open to
the public
Site history
Built 4th century B.C.
Built by Phillip II of Macedon
Materials Limestone

Samuel's Fortress (Macedonian: Самуилова тврдина) is a fortress in the old town of Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia. It was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire[1] during the rule of Tsar Samuel at the turn of the 10th century. Today, this historical monument is a major tourist attraction and was renovated in 2003.

According to recent excavations by Macedonian archaeologists, it was contended that this fortress was built on the place of an earlier fortification, dated to the 4th century BCE, which was probably built by King Philip II of Macedon.[2]



  1. ^ Bulgarian Folk Customs by Mercia MacDermott, 1998, ISBN 1-85302-485-6, page 26: "... one of these brothers, Samuil, proclaimed himself Tsar, with his capital at Ohrid.
  2. ^ "Culture — Republic of Мacedonia". Retrieved 2008-10-13. 

See also[edit]