|Born||October 25, 1901
|Died||May 12, 1937
|Occupation||poet, playwright, literary critic|
Samuil Lehtţir (or Lehitser) was born in the Bessarabian town of Otaci to Rivn Lehtţir, a craftsman, and Dyna Akerman. He studied at the Chernivtsi University. In 1926, he moved to the USSR, where he was involved in literary activities in the Moldovan language. He worked at the Moldovan state publishing house. In 1927, he became one of the founders of the Reseritul, the Moldovan Writers' Union, and its official organ, the journal Moldova literară (Literary Moldova).
His first collection of poetry, Poems (1929), was met with negative criticism. Lehtţir was accused of decadence and of belonging to the Petite bourgeoisie. However, he continued to publish: in 1930 along with Iosif Vainberg, he published a book of literary criticism Întrebări literare (Literary Questions), and another collection of poems (In the flames) the following year. These were followed by three further volumes Sirenele zidirii (1932), De pază (1935) and Dezrobire (1935).
Lehtţir is the author of the first dramas of Soviet Moldavian literature: Codreanu (1930) and Biruinţa (Victory, 1933). He translated into the Moldovan language the poems of Sergei Yesenin, Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Alexander Bezymensky, Sándor Petőfi and others.
Lehtţir also wrote textbooks on the Moldavian language and literature for middle schools.
He was arrested and executed in 1937 (according to other sources, October 15, 1943).
- "Lehtţir". Encyclopedia of Russian Jewry. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Роман Кожухаров (November 6, 2008). Ю. М. Поляков, ed. Путём живого слова. Литературная газета (in Russian) (45(6197)). Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Mihai Cimpoi (1997). O istorie deschisă a literaturii române din Basarabia. Editura Arc. p. 162. Retrieved June 27, 2013.