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Samurzakano and Abkhazia under the Russian Empire in 1899.

Samurzakano (Georgian: სამურზაყანო, Samurzak'ano, Samurzaqano) is a historical region in southeast part of Abkhazia,[1] in western Georgia.

Samurzakano was established as a fief of one of the branches of the Sharvashidze family at the dawn of the 18th century. It included the territory of the contemporary Gali district and part of Ochamchira district.

The population is mostly Georgian (Mingrelians), with Abkhaz, Armenian, and Russian minorities.


  1. ^ Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 1 of which have subsequently withdrawn their recognition.