Samut Prakan Province

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"Samut Prakan" redirects here. For other places named Samut Prakan, see Samut Prakan (disambiguation).
Samut Prakan
Samut Prakan - Klong.JPG
Official seal of Samut Prakan
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Prakan Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Prakan Province
Country Thailand
Capital Samut Prakan
 • Governor Chatchai Uthaiphan (since October 2016)
 • Total 1,004.1 km2 (387.7 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 70th
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,261,530[1]
 • Rank Ranked 18th
 • Density rank Ranked 3rd
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-11
The giant three-headed statue of the elephant god Erawan, Samut Prakan

Samut Prakan (Thai: สมุทรปราการ, pronounced [sāmùt prāːkāːn]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force 9 March 1946.

It is part of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Neighbouring provinces are Bangkok, to the north and west, and Chachoengsao to the east.

Suvarnabhumi Airport is in the Bang Phli District of Samut Prakan Province.


The province was created during the Ayutthaya period, with its administrative centre at Prapadaeng. It was the sea port of Siam, and was secured with forts, town moats, and town walls. King Rama II started the building of the new centre at Samut Prakan in 1819, after his predecessor King Taksin had abandoned the town fortifications. Altogether six forts were built on both sides of the Chao Phraya River, and on an island in the river the pagoda, Phra Samut Chedi, was erected. These were involved in the Paknam incident of 13 July 1893, which ended the Franco-Siamese War with a French naval blockade of Bangkok. Of the original six forts only two still exist today, Phi Sua Samut and Phra Chulachomklao.


In Thai the word samut is from Sanskrit, samudra, meaning "ocean" or "sea", and the word prakan is from Sanskrit, prākāra, meaning "fortress", "walls", or "stronghold".


Pak Nam and Paknam redirect here

Samut Prakan is at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River on the Gulf of Thailand. Thus the province is also sometimes called Pak Nam (ปากน้ำ), the Thai word for the mouth of a river. The part of the province on the west side of the river consists mostly of rice paddies and shrimp farms as well as mangrove forests, while the eastern part is the urban centre, including industrial factories. It is part of the Bangkok metropolis. The urbanization on both sides of the provincial boundary is identical. The province has a coastline of approximately 47.2 kilometres.



The provincial seal shows the temple Phra Samut Chedi, the most important site of Buddhist worship in the province.

The provincial tree is Thespesia populnea.

The provincial slogan is Marine Battle Fortresses, Chedi in the Water, Crocodile Farm, Exquisite Ancient City, Phra Pradaeng Songkran Festival, Tasty Dried Snakeskin Gourami, Rap Bua Festival, Industrial Estate

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Samut Prakan with the provinces numbered

The province is divided into six districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 50 sub-districts (tambon) and 396 villages (muban). There is one city (thesaban nakhon), three towns (thesaban mueang) and 13 sub-district municipalities (thesaban tambon). For national elections the province is divided into three voting districts, one represented by three assemblyman and the other two each by two assemblymen.

  1. Mueang Samut Prakan
  2. Bang Bo
  3. Bang Phli
  1. Phra Pradaeng
  2. Phra Samut Chedi
  3. Bang Sao Thong


  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°35′58″N 100°35′48″E / 13.59944°N 100.59667°E / 13.59944; 100.59667