Samut Songkhram

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Samut Songkhram
สมุทรสงคราม
Province
Official seal of Samut Songkhram
Seal
Nickname(s): Mae Klong
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Songkhram Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Songkhram Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Samut Songkhram town
Government
 • Governor Praphat Bunyindi (since 2008)
Area
 • Total 416.7 km2 (160.9 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 76th
Population (2011)
 • Total 194,086
 • Rank Ranked 75th
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 5th
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-75

Samut Songkhram (Thai: สมุทรสงคราม (Pronunciation)) is the capital of Samut Songkhram Province.

Etymology[edit]

The word "samut" originates from the Sanskrit word "smudra" meaning "ocean", and the word "songkhram" from the Sanskrit "sangrama" meaning "war". Hence the name of the province literally means "war ocean".[1]

Geography[edit]

Samut Songkhram is at the mouth of the Mae Klong River to the Gulf of Thailand. By means of canals (khlong) the water of the river is spread through the province for irrigation. At the coast are many evaporation ponds for producing sea salt.

History[edit]

In the Ayutthaya period the area of Samut Songkhram was known as Suan Nok (Thai สวนนอก, "outer garden") and was administrated by Ratchaburi. During the reign of King Taksin it became a province. It was the birthplace of Queen Amarindra of King Rama I, who also initiated the name Suan Nok. The birthplace of King Rama II in Amphawa district is now a memorial park.

Tourism[edit]

Sights[edit]

Talat Nam Amphawa

Chang-Eng Siamese Twins Memorial and Boat Museum Siamese Twins, born on 11 May 1811, were joined at the sternum by a small piece of cartilage. Their livers were fused but independently complete. The memorial park is built in honor of the identical twins.[2]

Bang Nok Khwaek Floating Market[3]

Don Hoy Lhod A river delta on Mae Nam Mae Klong, formed as a result of soil and sand residue combined together. The locals call it, "din khi ped" (duck droppings soil). Don Hoy Lhod is approximately three kilometers in width, five kilometers in length and stretches out as far as eight kilometers into the sea.[4]

Amphawa Floating Market[5]

Wat Chulamanee[6]

Wat Amphawan Chetiyaram[7]

Nativity of Our Lady Cathedral Built in 1890 by Father Paolo Sulmon, a French missionary financially supported by his relatives in France, international missions from Paris and Rome, as well as the Christians living in Bangkok. The cathedral took six years to complete and was formally consecrated on 11 February 1896.[8]

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

The Luangpho Ban Laem Fair is held between 13–19 April at Wat Phetsamut Worawihan in Samut Songkhram.

The Sunset at Don Hoi Lot Fair and Board Sliding Competition is held in May at Don Hoi Lot in Chuchi village, Samut Songkhram.

The Khao Yai Pomelo Fair is held yearly at the end of August.

The Annual Long Boat Race is held on Loy Krathong Day at Wat Rat Peng in Samut Songkhram.

The Mackerel Eating and Mae Klong Famous Products Festival is held in front of city hall in December.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samut Songkhram". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Chang-Eng Siamese Twins Memorial and Boat Museum". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Bang Nok Khwaek Floating Market". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Don Hoy Lhod". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Amphawa Floating Market". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Wat Chulamanee". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Wat Amphawan Chetiyaram". TAT. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Nativity of Our Lady Cathedral". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Mae Klong River, Samut Songkhram 
Maeklong Railway train, Samut Songkhram 
Samut Songkhram football field 

Coordinates: 13°24′35″N 100°00′06″E / 13.40972°N 100.00167°E / 13.40972; 100.00167