Samut Songkhram

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Samut Songkhram
สมุทรสงคราม
Province
Official seal of Samut Songkhram
Seal
Nickname(s): Mae Klong
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Songkhram Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Songkhram Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Samut Songkhram town
Government
 • Governor Praphat Bunyindi (since 2008)
Area
 • Total 416.7 km2 (160.9 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 76th
Population (2011)
 • Total 194,086
 • Rank Ranked 75th
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 5th
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-75

Samut Songkhram (Thai: สมุทรสงคราม (Pronunciation)) is the capital of Samut Songkhram Province.

Etymology[edit]

The word "samut" originates from the Sanskrit word "smudra" meaning "ocean", and the word "songkhram" from the Sanskrit "sangrama" meaning "war". Hence the name of the province literally means "war ocean".[1]

Geography[edit]

Samut Songkhram is at the mouth of the Mae Klong River to the Gulf of Thailand. By means of canals (khlong) the water of the river is spread through the province for irrigation. At the coast are many evaporation ponds for producing sea salt.

History[edit]

In the Ayutthaya period the area of Samut Songkhram was known as Suan Nok (Thai สวนนอก, "outer garden") and was administrated by Ratchaburi. During the reign of King Taksin it became a province. It was the birthplace of Queen Amarindra of King Rama I, who also initiated the name Suan Nok. The birthplace of King Rama II in Amphawa district is now a memorial park.

Talat Nam Amphawa

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samut Songkhram". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 29 May 2015. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Mae Klong River, Samut Songkhram 
Maeklong Railway train, Samut Songkhram 
Samut Songkhram football field 

Coordinates: 13°24′35″N 100°00′06″E / 13.40972°N 100.00167°E / 13.40972; 100.00167