San'yō Shinkansen

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San'yō Shinkansen
Shinkansen jrw.svg
Kakogawa-Bridge-N700A.jpg
N700A Series Shinkansen between Nishi-Akashi Station and Himeji Station, February 2021
Overview
Native name山陽新幹線
OwnerJR logo (west).svg JR West
LocaleOsaka, Hyōgo, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi and Fukuoka Prefectures
TerminiShin-Ōsaka
Hakata
Stations19
Service
TypeShinkansen
Operator(s)JR logo (west).svg JR West
Depot(s)Osaka, Okayama, Hiroshima, Hakata
Rolling stock500 series
700 series
N700 series
Daily ridership110,004 passengers per km per day (FY2014)[1]
History
Opened15 March 1972
Technical
Line length553.7 km (344.1 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV AC, 60 Hz, overhead catenary
Operating speed300 km/h (190 mph)
Route map
Map of the San'yō Shinkansen line, from Hakata to Shin Osaka.

The San'yō Shinkansen (山陽新幹線) is a line of the Japanese Shinkansen high-speed rail network, connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. Operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR West), it is a westward continuation of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu. The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata to Kagoshima. The San'yō Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) for most of the journey[2] Some Nozomi trains operate continuously on San'yō and Tōkaidō Shinkansen lines, connecting Tokyo and Hakata in five hours.

Rolling stock[edit]

As of March 2020, the following types are used on San'yō Shinkansen services.

Former rolling stock[edit]

Stations[edit]

Map all coordinates in "Category:Sanyō_Shinkansen" using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

All stations on the San'yō Shinkansen are owned and operated by JR West, with the exception of Shin-Osaka which is run by Central Japan Railway Company (JR central). Kodama trains stop at all stations; other services have varying stopping patterns. All trains stop at Shin-Osaka, Shin-Kobe, Okayama, Hiroshima, Kokura, and Hakata. The Japan Rail Pass is not valid for travel on the Nozomi or Mizuho trains.

Legend:

All trains stop
All trains pass
Some trains stop
Station Japanese Distance from
Shin-Ōsaka (km)
Distance from
Tokyo (km)
Mizuho Sakura Nozomi Hikari Kodama Transfers Location
Through services towards Tokyo via the Tōkaidō Shinkansen[3]
Shin-Ōsaka 新大阪 0.0 515.4 Shinkansen jrc.svg Tōkaidō Shinkansen (through service)
JRW kinki-A.svg JR Kyoto Line (JR-A46)
JRW kinki-F.svg Osaka Higashi Line (JR-F02)
Osaka Metro Midosuji line symbol.svg Midosuji Line (M13)
Yodogawa-ku, Osaka Osaka Prefecture
Shin-Kobe 新神戸 32.6 548.0 Kobe Municipal Subway Logo.svg Hokushin Line and Subway KobeSeishin.svg Seishin-Yamate Line (S02) Chūō-ku, Kobe Hyōgo Prefecture
Nishi-Akashi 西明石 54.8 570.2 JRW kinki-A.svg JR Kobe Line (JR-A74) Akashi
Himeji 姫路 85.9 601.3 JRW kinki-A.svg JR Kobe Line (JR-A85)
JRW kinki-A.svg Sanyō Main Line
JRW kinki-J.svg Bantan Line
JRW kinki-K.svg Kishin Line
SY Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line (SY 43: Sanyo Himeji Station)
Himeji
Aioi 相生 105.9 621.3 JRW kinki-A.svg Sanyō Main Line
JRW kinki-A.svg Ako Line
Aioi
Okayama 岡山 160.9 676.3 JRW oka-S.svg JRW oka-W.svg Sanyō Main Line
JRW oka-L.svg Uno Line (JRW oka-M.svg Seto-Ōhashi Line)
JRW san-V.svg Hakubi Line
JRW oka-T.svg Tsuyama Line
JRW oka-U.svg Kibi Line
Okayama Electric Tramway Higashiyama Main Line
Kita-ku, Okayama Okayama Prefecture
Shin-Kurashiki 新倉敷 186.7 702.1 JRW oka-W.svg San'yō Main Line Kurashiki
Fukuyama 福山 217.7 733.1 JRW oka-W.svg JRW oka-X.svg Sanyō Main Line
JRW oka-Z.svg Fukuen Line
Fukuyama Hiroshima Prefecture
Shin-Onomichi 新尾道 235.1 750.5   Onomichi
Mihara 三原 245.6 761.0 JRW hiro-G.svg Sanyō Main Line
JRW hiro-Y.svg Kure Line
Mihara
Higashi-Hiroshima 東広島 276.5 791.9   Higashihiroshima
Hiroshima 広島 305.8 821.2 JRW hiro-G.svg JRW hiro-R.svg Sanyō Main Line
JRW hiro-P.svg Geibi Line
JRW hiro-B.svg Kabe Line
JRW hiro-Y.svg Kure Line
■M Hiroshima Electric Railway Main Line
Minami-ku, Hiroshima
Shin-Iwakuni 新岩国 350.0 865.4 Nishikigawa Seiryu Line (Seiryū-Shin-Iwakuni Station) Iwakuni Yamaguchi Prefecture
Tokuyama 徳山 388.1 903.5 Sanyō Main Line
Gantoku Line
Shunan
Shin-Yamaguchi (formerly Ogori) 新山口 429.2 944.6 Sanyō Main Line
Yamaguchi Line
Ube Line
Yamaguchi
Asa 厚狭 453.3 968.7 Sanyō Main Line
Mine Line
Sanyō-Onoda
Shin-Shimonoseki 新下関 477.1 992.5 Sanyō Main Line Shimonoseki
Kokura 小倉 497.8 1013.2 JRK number JA.svg Kagoshima Main Line (A28)
JRK number JF.svg Nippo Main Line (JF01)
JRK number JI.svg Hita-Hikosan Line (JI01)
Kitakyushu Monorail
Kokurakita-ku, Kitakyūshū Fukuoka Prefecture
Hakata 博多 553.7 1069.1 Shinkansen-K.png Kyushu Shinkansen (through service)
Hakata-Minami Line (limited through service)
Kagoshima Main Line and Sasaguri Line (00)
Subway FukuokaKuko.svg Fukuoka Subway Airport Line
Hakata-ku, Fukuoka
Through services towards Kagoshima-Chūō via the Kyushu Shinkansen,[4] or to Hakata-Minami via the Hakata-Minami Line[5]

As of 2012, the maximum line speed is, West-bound 285 km/h (175 mph) between Shin-Ōsaka and Shin-Kobe, 275 km/h (170 mph) between Shin-Kobe and Nishi-Akashi, and 300 km/h (185 mph) between Nishi-Akashi and Hakata. East-bound it is 300 km/h (185 mph) between Hakata and Himeji, 275 km/h (170 mph) between Himeji and Shin-Kobe and 300 km/h (185 mph) between Shin-Kobe and Shin-Ōsaka.[2]

History[edit]

700 series Hikari Rail Star train
700 series Hikari Rail Star train

Construction of the San'yō Shinkansen between Shin-Ōsaka and Okayama was authorized on September 9, 1965, and commenced on March 16, 1967. Construction between Okayama and Hakata commenced on February 10, 1970. The Shin-Ōsaka to Okayama segment opened on March 15, 1972; the remainder of the line opened on March 10, 1975. The first Hikari trains, using 0 series trains, made the Shin-Ōsaka to Hakata run in 3 hours 44 minutes. This was shortened to 2 hours 59 minutes in 1986 with an increase in maximum speed to 220 km/h (140 mph). 100 series trains, introduced in 1989, boosted maximum speed to 230 km/h (140 mph) and reduced travel time to 2 hours 49 minutes.

Tokyo to Hakata Nozomi services began on March 18, 1993, using 300 series trains. The Shin-Ōsaka to Hakata run was reduced to 2 hours 32 minutes, at a maximum speed of 270 km/h (170 mph). On March 22, 1997, the 500 series entered service on Nozomi services between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata, reducing that run to 2 hours 17 minutes at a maximum speed of 300 km/h (186 mph).

The 700 series was introduced on Tokyo-Hakata Nozomi services on March 13, 1999, coinciding with the opening of Asa Station, and on March 11, 2000, 700 series trains were introduced on Hikari Rail Star services.

Ogori Station was renamed Shin-Yamaguchi Station on October 1, 2003.

The N700 series was launched on Nozomi services on July 1, 2007, with a top speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) (compared to 285 km/h or 177 mph for the 700 series).

From the start of the revised timetable on March 12, 2011, new Mizuho and Sakura inter-running services commenced between Shin-Ōsaka and Kagoshima on the Kyushu Shinkansen using new N700-7000 and N700-8000 series 8-car trainsets. This boosted JR West's market share in the Osaka-Kagoshima passenger market from 13 percent in March 2011 to 35 percent in March 2012. JR West began offering discounted advance purchase fares on this route in July 2013 in an effort to compete for market share with new low-cost airlines such as Peach.[6] With the launch of Mizuho and Sakura services, nearly all of the Hikari services operating solely on the San'yō Shinkansen (mostly Rail Star services) were discontinued as it was deemed redundant.

Ridership[edit]

In fiscal 2005, the Sanyo Shinkansen line ridership was 58 million passengers/year, or about 159,000 daily.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 区間別平均通過人員および旅客運輸収入(平成26年度) [Average passenger figures and revenue by line (Fiscal 2014)] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: West Japan Railway Company. 2015. p. 58. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-09. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b 300km/hのトップランナー [300 km/h Top Runners]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 52 no. 612. Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd. April 2012. p. 14.
  3. ^ Only Nozomi, Hikari and Kodama services that run in formations of 16 car sets run through to the Tōkaidō Shinkansen.
  4. ^ Only Mizuho and Sakura services that run in formations of 8 car sets run through to the Kyushu Shinkansen.
  5. ^ Only Kodama services that run in formations of 8 car sets run through to the Hakata-Minami Line.
  6. ^ "Budget airlines challenge Shinkansen". Bloomberg. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2010-12-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]