San Andrés Itzapa

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San Andrés Itzapa
Municipality and town
San Andrés Itzapa is located in Guatemala
San Andrés Itzapa
San Andrés Itzapa
Location in Guatemala
San Andrés Itzapa is located in Chimaltenango
San Andrés Itzapa
San Andrés Itzapa
Location in Chimaltenango Department
Coordinates: 14°37′N 90°51′W / 14.617°N 90.850°W / 14.617; -90.850
Country  Guatemala
Department Vlagchimaltenango.gif Chimaltenango
Government
 • Major (2016-2020) Hugo Israel Guch Ajpuac [1]
Area
 • Total 30 sq mi (90 km2)
Time zone Central Time (UTC+6)
Climate Cwb

San Andrés Itzapa (Spanish pronunciation: [anˈdɾes itˈsapa]) is a municipality of Chimaltenango, Guatemala. San Andrés Itzapa is in the eastern region of Chimaltenango, while the district capital lies to the north, Acatenango lies to the south and to the east is Parramos. The city occupies an area of 90 square kilometres, with a total of 31,956 inhabitants, who are called Itzapecos.

Origin of the name[edit]

San Andres Itzapa (Itzapa means flint) is an ancient town. The village is mentioned in the Annals of the Cakchiquels, written in 1571. The Spanish named the area "Itzapa y de San Andrés" in honor of their patron saint, the apostle San Andrés (Saint Andrew). The Spanish also called the area "Valle del Durazno" (Valley of the peaches), as the prickly pears common in this area resembled the orchards of home.

Organization[edit]

San Andrés Itzapa administrative organization[2]
Subdivision Name Distance to
municipal
capital
(in km)
Villages Chicazanga 5.4
Chimachoy 10.5
Panimaquin 7
San José Calderas 16.5
Hierba Buena 7
El Aguacate N/A[a]
San José Los Corrales 7
Xeparquiy 5
San José Cajahualten 9
San Rafael 12.5
Neighborhoods San Cristóbal N/A
Located
within the
municipal capital
San Pedro y San Pablo
Santísima Trinidad
San Antonio
San Lorenzo Norte
San Lorenzo Sur
Residential
communities
El Edén
La Primavera
Las Conchitas
Colinas de San Andrés
Canadá
Navideña
La Cuchilla
La Pinada
Los Encinos
San Francisco
El Stan[b]

Languages[edit]

Both Spanish and Kaqchiquel are spoken, although migration from other regions has brought an influx of other languages, such as K'iché and Tz'utujil.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Palo blanco tree

San Andrés Itzapa has several heavily forested areas, which include eucalyptus, poplars, pines, holly, oaks, cypress and other evergreen and deciduous species.

Plants found in San Andrés Itzapa include canaque, casuarina, conacaste, hormigo, grabilea and palo blanco, as well as varieties of aloe.

Animals include coyote, armadillos, mountain lions, tisote, lynxes, goyoy, kinkajou, squirrels, racoons, wild boars, dove, cayayes, pajuil, and pheasant.

Agricultural products[edit]

Wheat, cotton, corn, beans, avocado, chayote, beet, radish, squash, carrot, broccoli, cabbage, coffee and guaque Chile peppers are grown.

Crafts[edit]

The municipality is rich in the craftsmanship of leather goods such as knife and machete sheaths, sandals, articles of jade, tables and chairs, ropemaking, and others.

Celebrations[edit]

Dancing on Convite, 2005
  • Convite (the last Saturday of January)
  • Feria Titular (from 22 November to 1 December)
  • Corpus Christi (late June)
  • Corrida de Cintas (15th of September)
  • Maximón (28th of October)
  • Saint Andrew the Apostle (30th of November)

Places of interest[edit]

  • Xipacay bath
  • Temple of San Simón

Volunteer Organizations[edit]

  • Maya Pedal - small local NGO dedicated to supporting rural development through the design and production of pedal powered machines, or bicimaquinas. As of September 2012, Maya Pedal recently underwent an organizational change, please refer to the website or Facebook page for more information. [3]
  • Project Genesis- Local nonprofit that provides education and community development programs to the children of San Andrés and the surrounding villages. It aims to build a school and begin employing full-time teachers. The project currently relies on international volunteers, and was founded by Ricardo Armas who lives in Jocotenango.

Climate[edit]

San Andrés Itzapa has temperate climate (Köppen: Csb).

Climate data for San Andrés Itzapa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22.7
(72.9)
23.1
(73.6)
22.5
(72.5)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
22.81
(73.07)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.1
(61)
17.4
(63.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.9
(66)
18.1
(64.6)
17.9
(64.2)
17.9
(64.2)
17.8
(64)
17.1
(62.8)
16.4
(61.5)
15.5
(59.9)
17.27
(63.07)
Average low °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.6
(49.3)
10.6
(51.1)
12.5
(54.5)
13.4
(56.1)
13.8
(56.8)
13.2
(55.8)
12.8
(55)
13.1
(55.6)
12.4
(54.3)
11.0
(51.8)
9.5
(49.1)
11.77
(53.18)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
4
(0.16)
4
(0.16)
37
(1.46)
113
(4.45)
277
(10.91)
199
(7.83)
187
(7.36)
263
(10.35)
139
(5.47)
36
(1.42)
8
(0.31)
1,270
(50)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

Geographic location[edit]

San Andrés Itzapa is surrounded by Chimaltenango Department municipalities:[2]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabited after the massacre that took place there in 1988 during Guatemala Civil War.
  2. ^ Built for people affected by Hurricane Stan in 2005.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partido UNE gana alcaldía de Chimaltenango". Prensa Libre (in Spanish) (Guatemala). 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d SEGEPLAN (2010). "Municipios de Chimaltenango" (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Asociación Maya Pedal". 
  4. ^ "Climate: San Andrés Itzapa". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 

Coordinates: 14°37′N 90°51′W / 14.617°N 90.850°W / 14.617; -90.850