San Angeles

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Southern California.

San Angeles is a fictional futuristic concept of Southern California typically configured by U.S. commentators and film producers to include the areas of Los Angeles to San Diego and sometimes even San Bernardino to Riverside.[1] Although Los Angeles and the West Coast have been treated as a futuristic concept geographic region by different names in other works — "Los Andiegoles" in the novel A Friend of the Earth, "Rattown" in the novel Dr. Adder, and "Mega City 2" in the comic stories of Judge Dredd; San Angeles remains the more popular identifying description.


San Angeles was first conceived as a setting for the 1982 movie Blade Runner in an early script.[2] Ten years later, the 1993 script for the 1994 movie Double Dragon, post-earthquake California merged Los Angeles and San Diego into one megalopolis called San Angeles, half of which was under water.[3] At about the same time, the San Angeles concept city also was used in the 1993 movie Demolition Man,[4] where the earthquake-destroyed Los Angeles of 2010 was replaced by the city San Angeles that stretched from San Diego to Santa Barbara.[5][6] The Demolition Man/San Angeles, a modified Irvine, California set in the year 2032,[7] maintained a police force called "SaPD" (for San Angeles Police Department), which used black and white, gull-winged cars having SaPD emblazoned on them.[5] The 1993 Demolition Man movie also set the fictional Arnold Schwarzenegger Presidential Museum in San Angeles,[8] even though Arnold Schwarzenegger's first run for political office would not be for another ten years.

In 2000, the live-action Web series "The Hanged Man" positioned fictional detective Hugo Manes as being from the San Angeles Police Department.[9] In 2001, American printmaker Edward Ruscha released a series of seven postcard-size color etchings that he entitled "Los Francisco San Angeles" to reflect how the etchings made light of the cultural distance between Northern California and Southern California.[10] Ruscha's concept Los Francisco San Angeles was analyzed in 2004 for Arts & Activities Magazine [11] by Tara Cady Sartorius, Curator of Education at the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts.[12]

San Angeles is also the fictional home town of Power Rangers Operation Overdrive.[13]


In addition to uses of San Angeles by the entertainment industry, political causes and businesses alike have adopted the concept. For example, in April 1989, Camp Pendleton was viewed as the last remaining open-space barrier against a future "San Angeles" composed of Southern California boom and sprawl from Santa Barbara to the Mexican border.[14] In 2002, environmentalist and commentator Tershia d'Elgin described a then-recent federal district court ruling on the Endangered Species Act of 1973 related to paving over land as promising "to transform our county into El Toro too. Everything that has made San Diego worth living in will be gone. It will become San Angeles."[15] That same year, the 2002 political movement to have San Fernando Valley seceded from Los Angeles to become an independent incorporated city of its own suggested San Angeles as the potential new name for the proposed incorporated city.[16] However, "San Angeles" ranked ninth in popularity behind the name "San Fernando Valley" in a field of eleven potential names.[17] Along with the proposed "Los Fernando", "San Angeles" was viewed as an absurd juxtaposition which made no sense at all in Spanish.[18]

In 2006, Marissa Mayer, Google's then 31-year-old product-launch czar, seized on the San Angeles concept to describe how Google might modify its home page:

We're still not ready to make really fundamental changes and blast all of our products on our home page. [But] there are a few key concepts I've been thinking about in terms of how we can change navigation on our site. One is what I would call the San Angeles or Los Diego strategy. You take large product and merge them together into the biggest possible nucleus. So if you took San Diego and Los Angeles together and merged them into one mega-city, that's even bigger and more memorable than the two cities independently... It is hard for people to remember more than 5 or 10 products from a particular company. If we can take each of the products we have and make them even larger and more meaningful to people, I think there’s a lot of benefit that could be had by both the users, because they don’t have to remember quite as much.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Schickel, Richard. (October 18, 1993) Time Futuristic Face-Off. Section: Reviews Cinema; Page 98.
  2. ^ Turan, Kenneth. (September 13, 1992) Los Angeles Times Blade Runner 2. The screenwriter wrote eight drafts -- and then was replaced. Section: TM-Los Angeles Times Magazine; Page 19.
  3. ^ Honeycutt, Kirk. (March 3, 1993) The Hollywood Reporter "Double Dragon" enters film game. Page 3.
  4. ^ Elliott, Stuart. (October 8, 1993) New York Times [ The Media Business: Advertising; In Demolition Man, a car could be your grandson's Oldsmobile. Section D.15.
  5. ^ a b Wong, Cy. (April 16, 1993) Los Angeles Times Movie: Action-thriller starring Wesley Snipes and Sylvester Stallone is being filmed in the city this week. Section: ME-Metro; Page 1.
  6. ^ Thomas, Bob. (October 7, 1993) Associated Press. AP Arts: Film Review-Demolition Man. Section: Entertainment.
  7. ^ Arnold, Gary. (October 7, 1993) Washington Times Washington weekend movies; Movie mini-reviews. Section: M24
  8. ^ Harvey, Steve. (May 17, 2002) Los Angeles Times Only in L.A. Section: California Metro; page 4.
  9. ^ Seattle Post-Intelligencer (October 31, 2000) Killer show. Section: Life and Arts; Page F1.
  10. ^ Baker, Kenneth. (June 30, 2001) San Francisco Chronicle Slepian's video is most creepily "Lifelike". Section: Daily Datebook; page D1.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Sartorius, Tara Cady. (November 1, 2004) Arts & Activities Magazine Impression expression.(art Across the Curriculum)(Critical Essay). Volume 136; Section: 3; Page 322.
  13. ^ Chad Lee (2008-08-01). ""Power Rangers Operation Overdive Vol. 1-3" A World Tour For Relic Hunters". Archived from the original on 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2008-08-30. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ Acunat, Armando. (April 16, 1989) Los Angeles Times The "San Angeles" Barrier: Plan Calls for Converting Camp Pendleton Into Park if Marines Leave. Section: Metro; Page 1.
  15. ^ D'Elgin, Tershia. (March 24, 2002) The San Diego Union-Tribune Paving over San Diego County. Section: Opinion; Page g3.
  16. ^ Garrison, Jessica. (April 2, 2002) Los Angeles Times Group to Select 5 Valley City Names for Ballot. Section: California Metro; Page 8.
  17. ^ Sheppard, Harrison. (April 3, 2002) Los Angeles Daily News Valley's name game. Secessionists pick 5 choices for ballot. Section: News; Page N1.
  18. ^ Los Angeles Times (April 6, 2002) Call the Valley Anything but L.A. Section: California Metro; Page 20.
  19. ^ Business Week (June 30, 2006) Inside Google's New-Product Process: The philosophy is, try a bunch of ideas, refine them, and see what survives, says Marissa Mayer, the search giant's product-launch czar. Section: Technology.