San Antonio Municipal Auditorium

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San Antonio Municipal Auditorium
City of San Antonio Municipal Auditorium.jpg
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium
(Korean War Memorial in the foreground)
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium is located in Texas
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium is located in the US
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium
San Antonio Municipal Auditorium
Location 100 Auditorium Circle, San Antonio, Texas, US
Coordinates 29°25′50″N 98°29′20″W / 29.43056°N 98.48889°W / 29.43056; -98.48889Coordinates: 29°25′50″N 98°29′20″W / 29.43056°N 98.48889°W / 29.43056; -98.48889
Area 125,000 square feet (12,000 m2)
Built 1926
Architect Atlee Ayres, Robert M. Ayres, George Willis, Emmett Jackson
Architectural style Spanish Colonial Revival
NRHP Reference # 81000624[1]
Added to NRHP September 14, 1981

The San Antonio Municipal Auditorium was a building located at 100 Auditorium Circle, San Antonio, Texas. It was built as a memorial to American soldiers killed in World War I.

The San Antonio Municipal Auditorium was also used as a concert venue.[2]

The building was rebuilt and expanded into the Tobin Center for the Performing Arts in 2009-2014.

Construction[edit]

The limestone arena was built in 1926 and designed in Spanish Colonial Revival style[3] by Atlee Ayres,[4] his son Robert M. Ayres, and their associates George Willis and Emmett Jackson.[5] In 1929, the American Institute of Architects awarded the architects a gold medal for the arena's design.[6] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.[7]

Features[edit]

Initially built to honor America's World War I military deaths,[7] the 125,000 square feet (12,000 m2) structure is part of the Veterans Memorial Plaza. The white marble War Mothers Memorial honoring the mothers whose sons who fought in World War I was erected at the corner of the arena in 1938 by the San Antonio Chapter No. 2 of American War Mothers.[8] In front of the arena, Hill 881 South by sculptor Austin Deuel was dedicated to veterans of the Vietnam War in 1986.[9][10] The 1994 Night Watch, aka Korean War Memorial, by sculptor Jonas Perkins is across from the auditorium's front entrance.[11][12] Near the Korean War Memorial is the 1995 50th Anniversary of the Battle of the Bulge plaque on a granite monument.[13]

Architecture[edit]

The 6 acres (2.4 ha) on which the auditorium is built was purchased from different entities, including a garden area from the Ursuline Academy.[7] The 12-sided shape of the arena features carved stone and an arcade entrance complimented by a domed tower on each side. Red stone tile and metal are used on the roof. The original interior featured two-level horseshoe-shaped seating.[3] The design on the 36 by 75 ft (11 by 23 m) 5,600 lb (2,540 kg) asbestos auditorium stage curtain was the painting Founding of San Antonio by artist Hugo D. Pohl.[14] The painting depicted the artist's vision of the 1718 founding of Presidio San Antonio de Bexar, and also included the Battle of the Alamo defenders James Bowie, Davy Crockett, William B. Travis and James Butler Bonham.[7]

Restoration[edit]

At the time of the 1981 NRHP designation, the building stood vacant due a fire that had destroyed much of the interior in 1979 and rendered the asbestos curtain beyond repair. An April 1981 voter bond referendum approved $9.1 million for restoration.[9] The renovated auditorium was rededicated in 1985.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Auditorium, San Antonio, TX, USA Concert Setlists". setlist.fm. Retrieved 2015-02-09. 
  3. ^ a b Henry, Jay C. (1993). Architecture in Texas: 1895–1945. University of Texas Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-292-73072-4. 
  4. ^ "Atlee Bernard Ayres". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ Cocke, Stephanie Hetos. "George Rodney Willis". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ Cocke, Stephanie Hetos. "Robert Moss Ayres". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d "San Antonio Municipal Auditorium". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "WW1 Monument Honoring American War Mothers - San Antonio, TX, USA". Waymarking. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Auditorium Circle (Veterans Memorial Plaza)". City of San Antonio. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Vietnam War Memorial, San Antonio, TX, USA". Waymarking. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ Gerem, Yves (2001). A Marmac Guide to San Antonio. Pelican Publishing. p. 274. ISBN 978-1-56554-821-3. 
  12. ^ "Korean War Memorial – San Antonio, TX". Waymarking. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  13. ^ "50th Anniversary of the Battle of the Bulge – San Antonio, TX, USA". Waymarking. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  14. ^ Remy, Caroline. "Hugo D. Pohl". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Minutes of the San Antonio city council meetings Oct 31 – Nov 1, 2007" (PDF). City of San Antonio. Retrieved March 17, 2014.