San Antonio Oeste

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San Antonio Oeste
San Antonio Oeste
San Antonio Oeste
Coordinates: 40°44′S 64°57′W / 40.733°S 64.950°W / -40.733; -64.950Coordinates: 40°44′S 64°57′W / 40.733°S 64.950°W / -40.733; -64.950
Country  Argentina
Province Bandera de la Provincia del Río Negro.svg Río Negro
Established July 10, 1905
Government
 • Intendente Javier Alejandro Iud
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2001 census [INDEC])
 • Total 16,966
CPA Base R8520
Website http://www.sanantoniooeste.gov.ar/

San Antonio Oeste is a port city in the Argentine province of Río Negro, and head of the department of San Antonio.

The town is bordered by its sister communities of San Antonio Este, to the east, and Las Grutas, to the southwest. Discovered by an expedition of the Spanish Empire in 1779, San Matías Gulf became the site of an outpost, San Antonio (so named in honor of St. Anthony of Padua). Water scarcity led the original settlement to fail in 1905, leading the community to settle west of the gulf, in what today is San Antonio Oeste.

The arrival of the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway in its expansion towards Bariloche in 1910 led to the hamlet's growth. It later became the site of Punta Verde, the leading port for the large wool export industry of Patagonia, though the collapse in the wool market during the 1930s and '40s led to the port's closure in 1944.

Deep-water port of San Antonio Este

San Antonio Oeste benefited afterwards from a growth in tourism in nearby Las Grutas, a scenic cove known for its grottoes. Since 2000, it has also been home to a growing fishing industry, resulting from the openeing of a deep-water port in San Antonio Este.

Climate[edit]

San Antonio Oeste has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk)[1] with cool winters and hot summers. Winters are characterized with cool temperatures during the day and very cold nights.[2] In the coldest month, June and July, the mean temperature is 8.3 °C (46.9 °F).[3] Temperatures can regularly fall below freezing during the winter months although snowfalls rarely occur, averaging 0.2 days with snow per year.[4][5][6] During this time of the year, the weather is characterized by cloudy weather in which an average of 9–11 overcast days are recorded per month.[4]

Spring and fall are transition seasons featuring mild daytime temperatures and cool nighttime temperatures.[2] Spring starts out cool, with frosts that occur regularly in September with the last date of frost occurring on October 2.[5] However, frosts can occur as late as November 4[5] It is also a windy season,[2] which can make the temperature feel cooler than it should be. Spring starts out warm but increasingly becomes cooler in April and May with the frosts that can occur as early as March 26.[5] Normally, the first date of frost occurs on April 28.[5]

Summers are hot during the day while nighttime temperatures are mild.[2] It tends to be sunnier than the other seasons with only 4–6 overcast days per month and having 7–11 clear days per month.[4] In the hottest month, January, the average high is 30.2 °C (86.4 °F) while the average low is 16.6 °C (61.9 °F).[3] During the most extreme heat waves, the temperature can reach above 40 °C (104.0 °F) from November to March.[5] The average relative humidity is 57%, with the winter months being more humid than the winter months. San Antonio Oeste is windy throughout the year with mean wind speeds ranging from a low of 13.8 km/h (8.6 mph) in April to a high of 23.1 km/h (14.4 mph) in December.[2] Precipitation is low throughout the year with San Antonio Oeste receiving 248.0 millimetres (10 in) of precipitation per year with 63 days with measureable precipitation that is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.[3][7] There are approximately 2,633.5 hours of bright sunshine per year or 58.3% of possible sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 45.7% in June (only 136.4 hours of sunshine per month) to a high of 72.0% in February.[4] The highest recorded temperature was 44.6 °C (112.3 °F)[4] while the lowest recorded temperature was −11.5 °C (11.3 °F) on June 22, 2002.[5]

Climate data for San Antonio Oeste (extremes 1941–present)[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.6
(112.3)
43.6
(110.5)
40.0
(104)
35.0
(95)
32.1
(89.8)
25.3
(77.5)
26.1
(79)
28.2
(82.8)
33.3
(91.9)
36.5
(97.7)
41.0
(105.8)
44.1
(111.4)
44.6
(112.3)
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
29.1
(84.4)
25.8
(78.4)
21.7
(71.1)
17.2
(63)
13.5
(56.3)
13.7
(56.7)
15.9
(60.6)
18.6
(65.5)
21.8
(71.2)
25.9
(78.6)
28.6
(83.5)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
21.6
(70.9)
18.9
(66)
15.2
(59.4)
11.6
(52.9)
8.3
(46.9)
8.3
(46.9)
9.8
(49.6)
12.0
(53.6)
15.2
(59.4)
18.8
(65.8)
21.1
(70)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
15.8
(60.4)
13.2
(55.8)
9.8
(49.6)
6.7
(44.1)
3.3
(37.9)
3.6
(38.5)
4.4
(39.9)
6.3
(43.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.5
(54.5)
15.0
(59)
9.7
(49.5)
Record low °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
−10.1
(13.8)
−11.5
(11.3)
−11.2
(11.8)
−11.1
(12)
−8.0
(17.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−11.5
(11.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.8
(0.819)
22.9
(0.902)
26.4
(1.039)
22.3
(0.878)
24.3
(0.957)
17.0
(0.669)
20.3
(0.799)
19.2
(0.756)
12.9
(0.508)
23.3
(0.917)
18.8
(0.74)
19.8
(0.78)
248.0
(9.764)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4 5 4 5 7 6 6 5 5 6 5 5 63
Avg. relative humidity (%) 47 52 57 60 67 69 69 60 56 54 49 49 57
Mean monthly sunshine hours 300.7 279.7 251.1 204.0 155.0 129.0 136.4 170.5 186.0 238.7 291.0 291.4 2,633.5
Percent possible sunshine 65.7 72.0 65.3 61.0 49.7 46.7 45.7 51.7 53.0 58.7 67.5 62.5 58.3
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1961–1990),[3] Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (precipitation days 1961–1990)[7]
Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (extremes and sun 1941–1990),[4] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Datos Estadísticos (Período 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved June 19, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "San Antonio Oeste Aero I Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 31, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Provincia de Rio Negro - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "San Antonio Oeste". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 20, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas–Anuales". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved June 18, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Valores Medios de Temperatura y Precipitación-Rio Negro: San Antonio Oeste" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved March 31, 2015. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The record highs and lows are based on the Secretaria de Mineria link for the period 1941–1990 while records beyond 1990 come from the Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario link since it only covers from 1988–present. As a result, the most extreme values from either source are used.

External links[edit]