San Antonio de Palé

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San Antonio de Palé
The town with Annobón Airport to the right
The town with Annobón Airport to the right
Location of San Antonio de Palé on the island of Annobón
Location of San Antonio de Palé on the island of Annobón
Country Equatorial Guinea
Province Annobón
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,492

San Antonio de Palé, formerly known as St Antony and San Antonio de Praia,[1] is the capital of Annobón (an island in Equatorial Guinea that was once part of the Spanish Empire in Africa).

The town has 600 inhabitants, the majority of whom speak the Annobonese Creole. It is located in the extreme north of the island, which is the driest and flattest area. It is home to an airport, a dock, a hospital, a school, a lighthouse, a radio station, and a Catholic mission.

History[edit]

Founded by Portuguese explorers, the town served as a center of evangelization for runaway slaves from Angola. Capuchin and Carmelite missionaries first made the town their base in 1580. It passed under Spanish sovereignty in 1778, along with the rest of Annobón,[1] but the population rebelled and removed Spanish authority until the final decades of the 19th century.[2][1] In 1801, the British constructed a small fort there, and later on, in 1827, Spain rented out the area around San Antonio as a British base to repress the slave trade.[citation needed] The town remained a small village with only a rude church through the 19th century.[2]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 1°24′25″S 5°37′56″E / 1.40694°S 5.63222°E / -1.40694; 5.63222