San Augustine County, Texas

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San Augustine County, Texas
San augustine county tx courthouse 2015.jpg
The San Augustine County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting San Augustine County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Augustine of Hippo
Seat San Augustine
Largest city San Augustine
 • Total 592 sq mi (1,533 km2)
 • Land 531 sq mi (1,375 km2)
 • Water 62 sq mi (161 km2), 10%
 • (2010) 8,865
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

San Augustine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 8,865.[1] Its county seat is San Augustine.[2]


San Augustine County was formed in 1837. It was supposedly named after the Saint, Augustine of Hippo.[3] However, it seems plausible that the county was named for the town of San Augustine, which had been established five years earlier and whose name was based upon an 18th-century Spanish presidio (fortress).


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 592 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 531 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 62 square miles (160 km2) (10%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,648
1860 4,094 12.2%
1870 4,196 2.5%
1880 5,084 21.2%
1890 6,688 31.5%
1900 8,434 26.1%
1910 11,264 33.6%
1920 13,737 22.0%
1930 12,471 −9.2%
1940 12,471 0.0%
1950 8,837 −29.1%
1960 7,722 −12.6%
1970 7,858 1.8%
1980 8,785 11.8%
1990 7,999 −8.9%
2000 8,946 11.8%
2010 8,865 −0.9%
Est. 2014 8,610 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 8,946 people, 3,575 households, and 2,520 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 5,356 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.26% White, 27.95% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 1.64% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 3.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,575 households out of which 26.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 23.00% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 21.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,025, and the median income for a family was $32,772. Males had a median income of $28,395 versus $18,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,548. About 15.60% of families and 21.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.70% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.


At the presidential level, San Augustine County has voted for the Republican candidate in every election since 2000, having usually been carried by Democratic candidates up until that point.

Like many areas of the South, while Republicans generally win federal and state elections, Democrats tend to perform better in down-ballot races for local offices. Identification with the Democratic Party is strong in San Augustine County. In 2012, roughly 24 percent of eligible voters participated in the Democratic primary, while less than 6 percent participated in the Republican primary, despite there being a competitive presidential primary on the Republican ballot.[8]

Elected officials[edit]

At the Federal level, San Augustine County is part of the 1st Congressional District, which is currently represented by Louie Gohmert, a Republican from Tyler.

In the Texas Legislature, the county is represented by State Representative Trent Ashby (R-Lufkin), and by State Senator Robert Nichols (R-Jacksonville).




Unincorporated community[edit]

Historic town[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Rural school children, San Augustine County, Texas. Photograph by John Vachon.

American photographer John Vachon took a series of photographs of rural schoolchildren in San Augustine County, Texas, for the Farm Security Administration in 1943.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Handbook of Texas Online - SAN AUGUSTINE COUNTY
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°24′N 94°11′W / 31.40°N 94.18°W / 31.40; -94.18