San Bernardino County, California

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San Bernardino County
County
County of San Bernardino
Downtown San Bernardino.jpg
Mojave Desert National Preserve (4040289834).jpg
Calico Ghost town (7862906792).jpg
Ivanpah Solar Power Facility (1).jpg
Flag of San Bernardino County
Flag
Coat of arms of San Bernardino County
Coat of arms
Location in the U.S. state of California
Location in the U.S. state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States of America
State California
Metropolitan areaInland Empire
EstablishedApril 26, 1853[1]
Named forCity of San Bernardino,[2][3] which is named for Bernardino of Siena[4]
County seatSan Bernardino
Largest citySan Bernardino
Area
 • Total20,105 sq mi (52,070 km2)
 • Land20,057 sq mi (51,950 km2)
 • Water48 sq mi (120 km2)
Highest elevation[5]11,503 ft (3,506 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)[6]
 • Total2,035,210
 • Estimate (2016)[7]2,140,096
 • Density100/sq mi (39/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area codes442/760, 909
FIPS code06-071
GNIS feature ID277300
Primary AirportSan Bernardino International Airport
SBD (Major/International)
InterstatesI-10 (CA).svg I-15 (CA).svg I-40 (CA).svg I-215 (CA).svg ~ I-210 (CA).svg (planned)
U.S. RoutesUS 95 (1961 cutout).svg US 395 (1961 cutout).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 2.svg California 18.svg California 38.svg California 58.svg California 60.svg California 62.svg California 66.svg California 71.svg California 127.svg California 138.svg California 142.svg California 173.svg California 178.svg California 189.svg California 210.svg California 247.svg California 259.svg California 330.svg ~ California 122.svg (unconstructed)
County RoutesSan Bernardino County 66.svg
Rapid TransitLAMetroLogo.svg LACMTA Circle Gold Line.svg (under construction)
Commuter RailAmtrak logo.svg Metrolink icon.svg
RPRP logo.png (under construction)
CAHSR (proposed Phase 2) Brightline Logo.svg (planned)
Websitewww.sbcounty.gov

San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210,[6] making it the fifth-most populous county in California, and the 12th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.[8]

San Bernardino County is included in the RiversideSan BernardinoOntario metropolitan statistical area (also known as the Inland Empire), as well as the Los AngelesLong Beach combined statistical area.

With an area of 20,105 square miles (52,070 km2), San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area, although some of Alaska's boroughs and census areas are larger.This county is close to the size of West Virginia. It is larger than each of the nine smallest states, larger than the four smallest states combined, and larger than 70 sovereign nations.

This vast county stretches from where the bulk of the county population resides (in two Census County Divisions, holding 1,422,745 people as of the 2010 Census, covering the 450 square miles (1,166 km2), across the thinly populated deserts and mountains. It spans an area from south of the San Bernardino Mountains in San Bernardino Valley, to the Nevada border and the Colorado River.

History[edit]

San Bernardino County horticulture exhibit at World Columbian Exposition, Chicago 1893.

Spanish Missionaries from Mission San Gabriel Arcángel established a church at the village of Politania in 1810. Father Francisco Dumetz named the church San Bernardino on May 20, 1810, after the feast day of St. Bernardino of Siena. The Franciscans also gave the name San Bernardino to the snowcapped peak in Southern California, in honor of the saint and it is from him that the county derives its name.[4] In 1819, they established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia, a mission farm in what is now Redlands.

Following Mexican independence from Spain in 1821, Mexican citizens were granted land grants to establish ranchos in the area of the county. Rancho Jurupa in 1838, Rancho Cucamonga and El Rincon in 1839, Rancho Santa Ana del Chino in 1841, Rancho San Bernardino in 1842 and Rancho Muscupiabe in 1844.

Agua Mansa was the first town in what became San Bernardino County, settled by immigrants from New Mexico on land donated from the Rancho Jurupa in 1841.

Following the purchase of Rancho San Bernardino, and the establishment of the town of San Bernardino in 1851 by Mormon colonists, San Bernardino County was formed in 1853 from parts of Los Angeles County. Some of the southern parts of the county's territory were given to Riverside County in 1893.

Geography[edit]

The Arrowhead natural feature is the source of many local names and icons, such as Lake Arrowhead and the county's seal.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 20,105 square miles (52,070 km2), of which 20,057 square miles (51,950 km2) is land and 48 square miles (120 km2) (0.2%) is water.[9] It is the largest county by area in California and the largest in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska).[10] It is slightly larger than the states of New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island combined. It borders both Nevada and Arizona.

The bulk of the population, roughly two million, live in the roughly 480 square miles south of the San Bernardino Mountains adjacent to Riverside and in the San Bernardino Valley. Over 300,000 others live just north of the San Bernardino Mountains, agglomerating around Victorville covering roughly 280 square miles in Victor Valley, adjacent to Los Angeles County. Roughly another 100,000 people live scattered across the rest of the sprawling county.

The Mojave National Preserve covers some of the eastern desert, especially between Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. The desert portion also includes the cities of Needles next to the Colorado River and Barstow at the junction in Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. Trona is at the northwestern part of the county west of Death Valley. This national park, mostly within Inyo County, also has a small portion of land within the San Bernardino County. The largest metropolitan area in the Mojave Desert part of the county is Victor Valley, with the incorporated localities of Adelanto, Apple Valley, Hesperia, and Victorville. Further south, a portion of Joshua Tree National Park overlaps the county near the High Desert area, in the vicinity of Twentynine Palms. The remaining towns make up the remainder of the High Desert: Pioneertown, Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree, Landers, and Morongo Valley.

The mountains are home to the San Bernardino National Forest, and include the communities of Crestline, Lake Arrowhead, Running Springs, Big Bear City, Forest Falls, and Big Bear Lake.

The San Bernardino Valley is at the eastern end of the San Gabriel Valley. The San Bernardino Valley includes the cities of Ontario, Chino, Chino Hills, Upland, Fontana, Rialto, Colton, Grand Terrace, Rancho Cucamonga, San Bernardino, Loma Linda, Highland, Redlands, and Yucaipa.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Counties adjacent to San Bernardino County, California

National protected areas[edit]

There are at least 35 official wilderness areas in the county that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. This is the largest number of any county in the United States (although not the largest in total area). The majority are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral components of the above listed national protected areas. Most of these wilderness areas lie entirely within the county, but a few are shared with neighboring counties (and two of these are shared with the neighboring states of Arizona and Nevada).

Except as noted, these wilderness areas are managed solely by the Bureau of Land Management and lie entirely within San Bernardino County:

Demographics[edit]

2011[edit]

Places by population, race, and income[edit]

2010[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18605,551
18703,988−28.2%
18807,78695.2%
189025,497227.5%
190027,9299.5%
191056,706103.0%
192073,40129.4%
1930133,90082.4%
1940161,10820.3%
1950281,64274.8%
1960503,59178.8%
1970684,07235.8%
1980895,01630.8%
19901,418,38058.5%
20001,709,43420.5%
20102,035,21019.1%
Est. 20172,157,404[7]6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
1790–1960[19] 1900–1990[20]
1990–2000[21] 2010–2015[6]

The 2010 United States Census reported that San Bernardino County had a population of 2,035,210. The racial makeup of San Bernardino County was 1,153,161 (56.7%) White, 181,862 (8.9%) African American, 22,689 (1.1%) Native American, 128,603 (6.3%) Asian, 6,870 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 439,661 (21.6%) from other races, and 102,364 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,001,145 persons (49.2%).[22]

2000[edit]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 1,709,434 people, 528,594 households, and 404,374 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 601,369 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 58.9% White, 9.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 20.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 39.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.3% were of German, 5.5% English and 5.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 66.1% spoke English, 27.7% Spanish and 1.1% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 528,594 households, out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 3.2 people, and the average family size was 3.6 people.

The number of homeless in San Bernardino County grew from 5,270 in 2002 to 7,331 in 2007, a 39% increase.[24]

In the county, the population was spread out—with 32.3% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,066, and the median income for a family was $46,574. Males had a median income of $37,025 versus $27,993 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,856. About 12.6% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

County government[edit]

The San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors has 5 members elected from their districts.

State and federal representation[edit]

In the United States House of Representatives, San Bernardino County is split between 5 congressional districts:[25]

In the California State Assembly, San Bernardino County is split between 8 assembly districts:[26]

In the California State Senate, San Bernardino County is split between 6 districts:[27]

Politics[edit]

Voter registration[edit]

Cities by population and voter registration[edit]

Overview[edit]

San Bernardino County vote
by party in presidential elections
[29]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 41.5% 271,240 52.1% 340,833 6.4% 41,910
2012 45.0% 262,358 52.3% 305,109 2.7% 15,463
2008 45.8% 277,408 52.1% 315,720 2.2% 13,206
2004 55.3% 289,306 43.5% 227,789 1.2% 6,181
2000 48.8% 221,757 47.2% 214,749 4.0% 18,387
1996 43.6% 180,135 44.4% 183,372 12.1% 49,848
1992 37.2% 176,563 38.7% 183,634 24.0% 113,873
1988 60.0% 235,167 38.6% 151,118 1.5% 5,723
1984 64.8% 222,071 34.0% 116,454 1.2% 4,180
1980 59.7% 172,957 31.7% 91,790 8.7% 25,065
1976 49.5% 113,265 47.9% 109,636 2.6% 5,984
1972 59.7% 144,689 35.5% 85,986 4.8% 11,581
1968 50.1% 111,974 40.0% 89,418 9.9% 22,224
1964 42.8% 92,145 57.1% 123,012 0.1% 243
1960 52.0% 99,481 47.5% 90,888 0.5% 944
1956 56.9% 86,263 42.8% 64,946 0.3% 443
1952 57.3% 77,718 41.8% 56,663 0.9% 1,153
1948 48.6% 46,570 47.7% 45,691 3.7% 3,577
1944 46.5% 34,084 52.6% 38,530 0.9% 646
1940 44.3% 30,511 54.5% 37,520 1.2% 847
1936 39.0% 22,219 59.6% 33,955 1.5% 842
1932 44.6% 22,094 50.2% 24,889 5.2% 2,565
1928 74.7% 29,229 24.1% 9,436 1.1% 447
1924 56.9% 15,974 9.4% 2,634 33.7% 9,453
1920 62.8% 12,518 28.2% 5,620 9.0% 1,783
1916 50.7% 11,932 39.9% 9,398 9.4% 2,215
1912 1.1% 172 38.0% 5,835 60.9% 9,336
1908 52.9% 4,729 30.0% 2,685 17.0% 1,526
1904 58.2% 3,884 23.6% 1,573 18.1% 1,213
1900 52.2% 3,135 39.1% 2,347 8.8% 529
1896 48.5% 2,818 47.2% 2,740 4.3% 247
1892 48.7% 3,686 33.7% 2,546 17.6% 1,335

San Bernardino County is a county in which candidates from both major political parties have won in recent elections. Democrat Hillary Clinton carried the county by a majority and by double digits in 2016. The Democratic Party also carried the county in 2008 and 2012, when Barack Obama won majorities of the county's votes, and in 1992 and 1996, when Bill Clinton won pluralities. Republican George W. Bush took the county in 2000 by a plurality and in 2004 by a majority. The county is split between heavily Latino, middle-class, and Democratic areas and more wealthy conservative areas. The heavily Latino cities of Ontario and San Bernardino went for John Kerry in 2004, but with a relatively low voter turnout. In 2006, San Bernardino's population exceeded 201,000, and in 2004, only 42,520 votes were cast in the city; in 2006, strongly Republican Rancho Cucamonga had over 145,000 residents, of whom 53,054 voted.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of May 2009, there were 806,589 registered voters in San Bernardino County. Of those, 324,857 (40.28%) were registered Democrats, 306,203 (37.96%) were registered Republicans, with the remainder belonging to minor political parties or declining to state.[30]

On November 4, 2008 San Bernardino County voted 67% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.[31]

Public safety[edit]

Law enforcement[edit]

SBC Sheriff's department operates a sizable fleet of helicopters. Shown here are a Bell 212 (foreground) and a Sikorsky S-61 at the air unit's Rialto Airport headquarters.

The current district attorney is Michael Ramos.

The county's primary law enforcement agency is the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. The department provides law enforcement services in the unincorporated areas of the county and in 14 contract cities, operates the county jail system, provides marshal services in the county superior courts, and has numerous other divisions to serve the residents of the county.

Sergeant Phil Brown of the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department has said that gangs are growing more violent in the farthest reaches of the county, including the High Desert. Racial tensions among Chicano gangs and African-American gangs have increased dramatically in the Inland Empire, affecting even the most rural areas. "It's getting out in more remote areas," Brown said. "They go gang against gang. There's more gang violence to the general public and it's becoming more random..."[32]

Fire rescue[edit]

The county operates the San Bernardino County Consolidated Fire District (commonly known as the San Bernardino County Fire Department). The department provides "all-risk" fire, rescue, and emergency medical services to all unincorporated areas in the county except for several areas served by independent fire protection districts, and several cities that chose to contract with the department.

Crime[edit]

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates[edit]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Libraries[edit]

The San Bernardino County Library System consists of 33 branches across the county. The library system also has inter-library loan partnerships with libraries in College of the Desert, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, and Victorville.[35] Library services offered vary from branch to branch, but include internet access, children's story times, adult literacy services, book clubs, classes, and special events.[36] The library system also offers e-books, digital music and movie downloads, free access to online learning through Lynda.com, and many other digital services.[37]

City-sponsored public libraries also exist in San Bernardino County, including A. K. Smiley Public Library in Redlands, California, which was built in 1898.[38] Other public libraries in the County include: The San Bernardino City Public Library System, Rancho Cucamonga Public Library, Upland Public Library, Colton City Library, and the Ontario City Library.[39] These libraries are separate from the county system and do not share circulation privileges.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

  • Morongo Basin Transit Authority provides bus service in Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree and Twentynine Palms (including the Marine base). Limited service is also provided to Palm Springs.
  • Mountain Area Regional Transit Authority (MARTA) covers the Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear regions. Limited service is also provided to Downtown San Bernardino.
  • Needles Area Transit serves Needles and the surrounding county area.
  • Omnitrans provides transit service in the urbanized portion of San Bernardino County, serving the City of San Bernardino, as well as the area between Montclair and Yucaipa.
  • Victor Valley Transit Authority operates buses in Victorville, Hesperia, Adelanto, Apple Valley and the surrounding county area.
  • Foothill Transit connects the Inland Empire area to the San Gabriel Valley and downtown Los Angeles.
  • RTA connects Montclair, and Anaheim to Riverside County.
  • San Bernardino County is also served by Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains. Metrolink commuter trains connect the urbanized portion of the county with Los Angeles, Orange, and Riverside Counties.

Airports[edit]

Environmental quality[edit]

California Attorney General Jerry Brown sued the county in April 2007 under the state's environmental quality act for failing to account for the impact of global warming in the county's 25-year growth plan, approved in March. The Center for Biological Diversity, the Sierra Club and the Audubon Society also sued in a separate case. According to Brendan Cummings, a senior attorney for the plaintiffs: "San Bernardino has never seen a project it didn't like. They rubber-stamp development. It's very much of a frontier mentality." The plaintiffs want the county to rewrite its growth plan's environmental impact statement to include methods to measure greenhouse gases and take steps to reduce them.[41]

According to county spokesman David Wert, only 15% of the county is actually controlled by the county; the rest is cities and federal and state land. However, the county says it will make sure employment centers and housing are near transportation corridors to reduce traffic and do more to promote compact development and mass transit. The county budgeted $325,000 to fight the lawsuit.[41]

The state and the county reached a settlement in August 2007.[42] The county agreed to amend its general plan to include a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan, including an emissions inventory and reduction targets.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

San Bernardino County
Cities
Year
Incorporated
Population,
2014
Median Income,
2012[43]
Land Area
sq mi (km2)
Adelanto 1970 32,511 $34,925 56.009 (145.062)
Apple Valley 1988 70,755 $40,313 73.193 (189.57)
Barstow 1947 23,292 $41,556 41.385 (107.186)
Big Bear Lake 1981 5,121 $32,869 6.346 (16.435)
Chino 1910 81,747 $66,035 29.639 (76.766)
Chino Hills 1991 76,131 $82,241 44.681 (115.723)
Colton 1887 53,057 $38,329 15.324 (39.689)
Fontana 1952 204,312 $61,085 42.432 (109.899)
Grand Terrace 1978 12,285 $64,073 3.502 (9.07)
Hesperia 1988 91,506 $38,058 73.096 (189.316)
Highland 1987 54,033 $53,524 18.755 (48.575)
Loma Linda 1970 23,614 $59,358 7.516 (19.467)
Montclair 1956 37,374 $47,360 5.517 (14.289)
Needles 1913 4,908 $29,613 30.808 (79.793)
Ontario 1891 167,382 $52,014 49.941 (129.345)
Rancho Cucamonga 1977 172,299 $74,118 39.851 (103.212)
Redlands 1888 69,882 $61,681 36.126 (93.565)
Rialto 1911 101,429 $48,197 22.351 (57.889)
San Bernardino 1854 212,721 $37,244 59.201 (153.33)
Twentynine Palms 1987 26,576 $40,975 59.143 (153.179)
Upland 1906 75,147 $56,480 15.617 (40.448)
Victorville 1962 120,590 $44,426 73.178 (189.529)
Yucaipa 1989 52,654 $57,539 27.888 (72.231)
Yucca Valley 1991 21,053 $40,057 40.015 (103.639)

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Indian Reservations[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of San Bernardino County.[44]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 San Bernardino City 209,924
2 Fontana City 196,069
3 Rancho Cucamonga City 165,269
4 Ontario City 163,924
5 Victorville City 115,903
6 Rialto City 99,171
7 Hesperia City 90,173
8 Chino City 77,983
9 Chino Hills City 74,799
10 Upland City 73,732
11 Apple Valley Town 69,134
12 Redlands City 68,747
13 Highland City 53,104
14 Colton City 52,154
15 Yucaipa City 51,367
16 Montclair City 36,664
17 Adelanto City 31,765
18 Twentynine Palms City 25,048
19 Bloomington CDP 23,851
20 Loma Linda City 23,261
21 Barstow City 22,639
22 Yucca Valley Town 20,700
23 Phelan CDP 14,304
24 Lake Arrowhead CDP 12,424
25 Big Bear City CDP 12,304
26 Grand Terrace City 12,040
27 Crestline CDP 10,770
28 Muscoy CDP 10,644
29 Oak Hills CDP 8,879
30 Fort Irwin CDP 8,845
31 Mentone CDP 8,720
32 Spring Valley Lake CDP 8,220
33 Joshua Tree CDP 7,414
34 Piñon Hills CDP 7,272
35 Lucerne Valley CDP 5,811
36 Silver Lakes CDP 5,623
37 Big Bear Lake City 5,019
38 Running Springs CDP 4,862
39 Needles City 4,844
40 Wrightwood CDP 4,525
41 Landers Town 3,910
42 Morongo Valley CDP 3,552
43 Lenwood CDP 3,543
44 San Antonio Heights CDP 3,371
45 Mountain View Acres CDP 3,130
46 Homestead Valley CDP 3,032
47 Searles Valley CDP 1,739
48 Colorado River Indian Reservation[45] AIAN 1,687
49 Big River CDP 1,327
50 Baker CDP 735
51 Lytle Creek CDP 701
52 Oak Glen CDP 638
53 Chemehuevi Reservation[46] AIAN 308
54 Fort Mojave Indian Reservation[47] AIAN 250
55 Bluewater CDP 172
56 San Manuel Reservation[48] AIAN 112
57 Twenty-Nine Palms Reservation[49] AIAN 12

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

Newspapers, past and present[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  4. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "San Bernardino County". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  2. ^ "SBSun Editorial: Plan holds promise for SB". InlandPolitics.com. December 18, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "San Bernardino, California Tourism". PlanetWare. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Van de Grift Sanchez, Nellie (1914). Spanish and Indian place names of California: their meaning and their romance. p. 74. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  5. ^ "San Gorgonio Mountain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "DataSet.txt". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2012. (See "Download the Database Archived November 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." for an explanation of this data set.)
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  15. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  16. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  17. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  18. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  20. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  21. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  22. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  24. ^ Quan, Douglas (September 25, 2007). "S.B. County steps up fight against homelessness". Press Enterprise. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2007.
  25. ^ "Counties by County and by District". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  26. ^ "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  27. ^ "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  29. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  30. ^ "Report of Registration as of May 4, 2009 - Registration By County" (PDF). sos.ca.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 13, 2010. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  31. ^ "Gay marriage ban: A tale of two votes". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  32. ^ Barrett, Beth (September 26, 2004). "Homegrown Terror". lang.sbsun.com. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
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  35. ^ "Library Locations". San Bernardino County Library. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
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External links[edit]


Coordinates: 34°50′N 116°11′W / 34.83°N 116.19°W / 34.83; -116.19