San Bernardino River
The Rio San Bernardino has two major tributaries, the Rio de Agua Prieta and the Arroyo Cajón Bonito. The river's headwaters are in extreme southeastern Cochise County, Arizona as Black Draw. From here the Rio San Bernardino flows south, crossing into Mexico east of Douglas, Arizona. In northern Sonora, the Cajón Bonito River joins the San Bernardino River in the San Bernardino Valley after draining the Sierra San Luis and northern end of the Sierra Madre Occidental. Next the Rio San Bernardino is joined by the Rio Agua Prieta which also begins in Cochise County, crossing south as Whitewater Draw into Mexico at Agua Prieta and Douglas. The Rio Agua Prieta flows south and east to join the Rio San Bernardino, shortly after the Rio Agua Prieta meets up with the Rio Fronteras, the latter flowing north from near Nacozari de Garcia, Sonora. The San Bernardino River joins the Bavispe River at Morelos, Sonora at the northern end of the Sierra del Tigre. The Bavispe River flows south by southwest to the Yaqui River and eventually to the Gulf of California at Ciudad Obregon, Sonora.
North American beaver (Castor canadensis) were documented by Leopold in 1977 in northern Mexico, and a 2000 survey found five breeding pairs of beavers on the Cajón Bonito River mostly in remote ranches without livestock. The authors of the latter study reported that local ranchers kill beavers because they fear felled trees will block roads. However, beavers are considered keystone species and ecosystem engineers, as their dams raise the water table and turn seasonal stretches of streams into perennial reaches, producing highly beneficial impacts on species abundance and diversity in the riparian zone. Beavers were also documented by Hendrickson et al. in 1978 on the Cajón Bonito.
- Leonard F. DeBano, ed. (1999). Biodiversity and the Management of the Madrean Archipelago: The Sky Islands of Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico. DIANE Publishing. p. 375. ISBN 978-0-7881-8386-7. Retrieved 2011-11-24.
- "Rio Bavispe". Wild Sonora. Retrieved 2011-11-24.
- Karla Pelz Serrano, Eduardo Ponce Guevara, and Carlos A. López González (2005). "Habitat and Conservation Status of the Beaver in the Sierra San Luis Sonora, México" (PDF). USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-36: 429–433. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
- Dean A. Hendrickson, W. L. Minckley, Robert R. Miller, Darrel J. Siebart, Patricia Haddock Minckley (1980). "Fishes of the Río Yaqui Basin, México and United States". Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science, Vol. 15, No. 3: 94. JSTOR 40025038.