San Bernardo train crash

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San Bernardo train crash
Details
DateJuly 17, 1955
8:55 AM
LocationSan Bernardo
CountryChile
OperatorEFE
Incident typerear collision
CauseSignal passed at danger
Statistics
Trains2
Deaths38
Injuries58

The San Bernardo train crash was a fatal rail crash that happened on July 17, 1955 at San Bernardo, a suburb on the southern edge of Santiago, the capital of Chile,[1] killing 38 passengers.[2] It was the worst rail disaster in Chilean history until the rail disaster at Queronque in 1986 which killed 58.[3]

The accident happened at 8:55 AM in dense fog on a Sunday morning. Train No.3 was held at San Bernardo station waiting for a freight train ahead of it to clear the line. It comprised two first class coaches, a dining car, and five third-class coaches. After a delay of twenty minutes it was given the signal to proceed on its journey south to San Rosendo.[4] But at that same moment it was rammed from behind by Train No.11 bound for Pichilemu destroying the two rear third-class carriages[5] and killing most of the occupants.[1] The impact was so great that a block from the crash site fragments of debris and human remains could be found.[6]

Survivors said the disaster could have been much worse as many passengers, bored by the long wait, had alighted from the train and were waiting on the platform.[5] It was also fortunate that the rear two carriages contained many traders with large packages and baskets meaning that these carriages held fewer passengers than those further forward.[4] President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo visited the scene later that morning.[2]

According to the official report 38 people were killed and over 58 wounded,[2] although other sources put the death toll at 49[1] or even 70[7] dead.

The driver of No.11 claimed that the signals were green on his approach to the station, but the subsequent enquiry found no fault with the signals, furthermore if they were obscured then the regulations state that he should have stopped his train as a preventative measure.[4]

Seven months after the crash at San Bernardo a very similar accident occurred near Santiago which killed 23 and injured 198. Again, one train ran into the rear of another in thick fog with the driver of the rear train at fault.[3][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Edgar A. Haine (1993). Railroad Wrecks. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-8453-4844-2.
  2. ^ a b c "Accidente Ferroviario en San Bernardo".
  3. ^ a b "Accidente de Queronque". Archived from the original on 2010-01-26.
  4. ^ a b c "boletin llanos de lepe2" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b c "Trenes sobre rieles: Tragedias en la via".
  6. ^ "Existio la Tercera Clase?".
  7. ^ "Efemérides 17 de julio 2010". CostaRicaHoy.Info. Archived from the original on 2010-07-26.

Coordinates: 33°35′39″S 70°41′52″W / 33.59417°S 70.69778°W / -33.59417; -70.69778