San Clemente, Venice

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The Church of San Clemente (Chiesa di San Clemente) is a church built in 1131 and located on San Clemente Island, in the Venetian Lagoon. The name is dedicated to Pope Clement I, who died as a martyr according to legend and who is patron of seamen.

History[edit]

In 1131, wealthy merchant Pietro Gattilesso funded the construction of a church and a hospice for pilgrims and soldiers heading to the Holy Land on an island located in the Venetian Lagoon.[1] Originally, it was built in a Romanesque style and consisted of only a single cross-shaped nave.

The complex was run by Augustine canons, while the entire island was under the jurisdiction of the patriarch of Grado Enrico Dandolo. In 1288 the relics of Saint Anianus - the first successors of St. Mark as patriarch of Alexandria - were brought to the San Clemente church.

In 1432 Pope Eugene IV moved the order of Lateran canons, also known as the Charity (Carità), to the island. Thanks to donations provided by wealthy Venetian families, the canons began work on the enlargement of the monastery and restoration of the church. The church façade was completely rebuilt in Lombard Renaissance style and divided by lesenes and cornices.

In 1643, to fulfil a vow made during the plague epidemic that struck the city in 1630, Venetians funded the building of a new chapel, modelled on the Holy House of Loreto, inside the church, where the main altar was.

Camaldolese Hermits of Monte Corona purchased the island in 1645. The Venetian nobility provided them with financial assistance to restore the church and monastery. In 1652 the Morosini family sponsored the restoration of the church façade in order to pay tribute to the family’s members Francesco and Tommaso, who died in the Candia war. They entrusted Andrea Cominelli, who perpetuated the family’s coat of arms above the entrance and added reliefs of scenes from battles commemorating the Morosini’s victories in the war against the Turks. He also added statues of Saint Benedict and Saint Romuald - founder of the Camaldolese order.

The church was restored in 2003 as part of the project that made the adjacent buildings into a luxury hotel, which is now managed by Kempinski Group.[2] Between 2013 and 2014 Permak group - the current owner of San Clemente Island[3] - launched further renovations while retaining the historic character.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Madden, Thomas F. (2008-04-01). Enrico Dandolo and the Rise of Venice. JHU Press. ISBN 9780801891847.
  2. ^ "Luxury 5 Star Hotel In Venice | San Clemente Palace Kempinski". www.kempinski.com. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  3. ^ "TOURISM - Turkish firm buys island, hotel in Venice". Retrieved 2016-08-12.

Sources[edit]

  • Giovanna Cecconello, Carlo Giuliani, Michele Sgobba, San Clemente: progetto per un'isola, CLUVA, 1980
  • Martina Carraro, L'isola di San Clemente a Venezia. Storia, restauro e nuove funzioni, Carsa, 2003
  • V. M. Coronelli, Isolario dell’Atlante Veneto, Venezia, 1696-1698

Coordinates: 45°24′44″N 12°20′08″E / 45.4121°N 12.3356°E / 45.4121; 12.3356