San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic

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San Cristóbal
Skyline of San Cristóbal
Nickname(s): La Ciudad Benemérita.
San Cristóbal is located in the Dominican Republic
San Cristóbal
San Cristóbal
San Cristóbal in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°25′00″N 70°06′20″W / 18.41667°N 70.10556°W / 18.41667; -70.10556Coordinates: 18°25′00″N 70°06′20″W / 18.41667°N 70.10556°W / 18.41667; -70.10556
Country  Dominican Republic
Province San Cristóbal
Government
 • Mayor of San Cristóbal Raul Mondesí
 • Senator of San Cristobal Tommy Galán
 • Governor of San Cristobal Julio Cesar Díaz
Area[1]
 • Total 226.52 km2 (87.46 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 33 m (108 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 275,232
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Demonym Sancristobalense
Municipal Districts 1
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

26 km (16 mi)
Website San Cristóbal website

San Cristóbal[4] is a municipality (municipio) and the capital of the San Cristóbal province in the Dominican Republic. Within the municipality there is one municipal district (distrito municipal): Hato Damas.[5]

Sectors[edit]

  • 5 de abril
  • Canastica
  • El Pomier
  • Hatillo
  • La Cruz
  • La Guandulera
  • La Suiza
  • La Toma
  • Las Flores
  • Lava Pies
  • Los Cacaitos
  • Los Molinas
  • Los Montones
  • Los Corozos
  • Los Novas
  • Madre Vieja Norte
  • Madre Vieja Sur
  • Medina
  • Moscú
  • Pueblo Nuevo
  • Sabana Toro
  • Villa Fundación
  • Villa Liberación
  • Villa Valdez
  • Zona Verde
  • miracielo
  • Villa Mercedes
  • Las Arecas
  • Villa Liveracion
  • Najayo Arriba
  • Yaguate
  • Cambita
  • Doña Ana
  • Hatillo
  • Nicole
  • San Isidro
  • Nigua
  • Frank Reyna

History[edit]

San Cristóbal was founded in the late 16th century. Being the 3rd most important city in the country, its nickname "La Ciudad Benemerita" means "City deserving of grace". The Constitution of the Dominican Republic was signed in San Cristobal in 1844. Rafael Trujillo, dictator from 1930 to 1961; was born in San Cristobal in 1891 and murdered by activist on his way to San Cristobal in 1961 This was a successful plot to end his 30-year regime. Trujillo had several properties in San Cristobal among these were:

  • El Castillo El Cerro
  • La Casa de Playa de Najayo o Casa de Marfil
  • La Hacienda María o Casa Blanca
  • La Casa de Caoba (his favorite home)

All of these buildings are still standing, though in poor conditions. He built many monuments in his hometown, such as Balneario La Toma, and Parque Piedras Vivas- a park he ordered to be built from rocks and stones collected from each city of the Dominican Republic to honor himself (hence the park's name "Living Stones"). San Cristobal was Trujillo's favorite city as he was born here.

Geography[edit]

San Cristobal Is located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) on the DR-2 from Santo Domingo and close to Bajos de Haina. It's Located near the coast of the Caribbean Sea. The topography is hilly as you go farther inland into the Cordillera Central mountain range.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
29.8
(85.6)
30.6
(87.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.9
(89.4)
31.1
(88)
29.9
(85.8)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
24.4
(75.9)
25.0
(77)
25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.9
(80.4)
27.4
(81.3)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
26.0
(78.8)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
19.0
(66.2)
19.5
(67.1)
20.5
(68.9)
21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72)
22.6
(72.7)
22.4
(72.3)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
20.8
(69.4)
19.7
(67.5)
20.9
(69.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 60.9
(2.398)
51.1
(2.012)
52.9
(2.083)
72.4
(2.85)
218.1
(8.587)
214.8
(8.457)
148.3
(5.839)
202.5
(7.972)
187.5
(7.382)
210.5
(8.287)
111.6
(4.394)
68.8
(2.709)
1,599.4
(62.969)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.8 5.9 6.9 7.5 13.7 12.4 11.3 11.9 11.2 12.8 9.1 8.1 117.6
Average relative humidity (%) 76.3 75.1 72.6 71.9 76.9 78.2 76.2 76.7 77.3 79.5 77.5 77.0 76.3
Source: NOAA[6]

Economy[edit]

Goya Foods has its Dominican Republic offices in San Cristóbal.[7]

Notable People from San Cristóbal[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

  • La Toma de San Cristóbal
  • Pomier Caves
  • Parque Piedras Vivas
  • Playa Palenque
  • Playa Najayo
  • Ingenio CAEI
  • Fuerte Resoli.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana Republicaaa (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/521037/San-Cristobal
  5. ^ Oficina Nacional de Estadistica, Departamento de Cartografia, Division de Limites y Linderos. "Listado de Codigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Actualizada a Junio 20 del 2006" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  6. ^ "San Cristobal Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 21, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Contact Us." Goya Foods. Retrieved on March 26, 2016. "Goya Foods of the Dominican Republic, S.A. Kilómetro 17 Autopista 6 de Noviembre San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic"